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-- All habitats --
Flowers are absent on ferns. Instead, they reproduce using spores via a process called 'sporification'.
Spores exist on the erect, fertile stalks and are enclosed inside bead-like coverings.
A deciduous fern. Large, deeply pinnate. Each leaflet of the frond is untoothed and lanceolate to oblong. The fronds are sometimes called 'fiddleheads'.
The fronds can be eaten raw or cooked. The roots can be eaten but must be cooked.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Bogs, farmland, marshes, meadows, riverbanks, swamps, waterside, wetland, woodland.