Search

[?]

Holly

Ilex aquifolium

Plant Data

Order:
Aquifoliales
Family:
Aquifoliaceae (Holly)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
4 white petals in clusters, sometimes tinted purple. Male and female flowers often on different trees.
Fruit:
Bright red, showy berries.
Leaves:
A slow growing, compact, evergreen shrub. Smooth, shiny, leathery, hard leaves with prickly edges.
Maximum Size:
25 meters tall.
Foraging Notes:
Holly contains various poisonous chemicals called saponins, methylxanthines and cyanogens. The berries and leaves when eaten can lead to vomiting, nausea, dehydration and drowsiness.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Aroma:
Sweet-scented flowers.
Other Names:
Christmas Holly, Common Holly, English Holly, European Holly.
Habitats:
Farmland, gardens, hedgerows, mountains, parkland, roadsides, scrub, wasteland, woodland.