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Tamarix gallica

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Tamaricaceae (Tamarisk)
Deciduous shrub
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
4.5 metres tall
Gardens, seaside, waterside.

Pink, 4 petals
Stalked dense spikes of pink flowers, each flower having 5 petals.
Small, dry fruit capsules, containing numerous seeds.
A deciduous tree with dark blue-green, scaly leaves.
Other Names:
Common Tamarisk, Four-stamen Tamarisk, French Tamarisk, Manna Plant, Pink Tamarisk, Salt Cedar, Tamarix.
Frequency (UK):
Occasionally seen  

Other Information


Tamarix gallica, commonly known as French tamarisk or pink tamarisk, is a species of tamarisk native to southern Europe and western Asia. It is a shrub or small tree that can grow up to 15 feet in height. It has pink or white flowers that bloom in the summer, and its leaves are needle-like and green. Tamarix gallica is often used as an ornamental plant, and it is also known to be invasive in some areas. It is tolerant of a wide range of environmental conditions and it can also help to stabilize river banks and prevent erosion.


Tamarisk, also known as Tamarix gallica, is a species of shrub or small tree that is native to the Mediterranean region. It is a hardy plant that is able to grow in a variety of environments, including coastal areas and deserts, and can tolerate salt, drought, and windy conditions. This makes it a popular choice for landscaping and erosion control in areas where other plants struggle to survive.

Tamarisk is a deciduous plant, meaning it loses its leaves in the winter. It has delicate, feathery foliage and tiny, pink or white flowers that bloom in the spring and summer. The plant grows quickly and can reach heights of up to 10 meters. It has a long, gnarled trunk and multiple branches that are covered in small leaves and twigs.

One of the unique features of Tamarisk is its ability to survive in salt-rich soil and withstand salt spray from the ocean. This makes it ideal for planting along coastal areas to help prevent erosion and protect dunes from being washed away. In addition to its ability to control erosion, Tamarisk is also known for its ability to absorb large amounts of water, making it useful for controlling water levels in arid regions.

Despite its many benefits, Tamarisk has also become a invasive species in many areas, particularly in the western United States. This is due to its ability to outcompete native plant species and alter the natural ecosystem. Tamarisk can quickly spread and dominate an area, leading to the displacement of native plants and wildlife. Efforts have been made to control the spread of Tamarisk, including the introduction of a leaf-eating beetle that specifically targets the plant.

Tamarisk is a versatile plant that is well-suited to a variety of environments. Its ability to grow in difficult conditions and absorb large amounts of water make it a valuable tool for erosion control and water management. However, its invasive nature means that it should be used with caution in areas where it could displace native plant species. Regardless, Tamarisk remains a fascinating and unique species with many uses and applications.

In terms of cultural and historical significance, Tamarisk has played an important role in the lives of many cultures throughout history. In ancient times, it was believed to have mystical powers and was often planted near temples and sacred sites. In some cultures, the plant was associated with love and passion, and was said to bring good luck to newlyweds.

In addition to its ornamental and practical uses, Tamarisk also has medicinal properties. The bark, leaves, and twigs of the plant have been used for centuries to treat various ailments, including digestive problems, respiratory infections, and skin conditions. In some traditional medicine systems, Tamarisk is also used as a diuretic and to regulate blood sugar levels.

Despite its potential benefits, it is important to remember that Tamarisk should be used with caution. As a non-native species, it can quickly become invasive and alter the natural ecosystem. Before planting Tamarisk, it is important to research the potential consequences and to make an informed decision about its use. In areas where Tamarisk has become invasive, efforts should be made to control its spread and to restore native ecosystems.

Tamarisk is a fascinating plant with a rich history and many uses. Its ability to grow in harsh conditions and its versatility make it a valuable resource in many areas. However, it is important to be mindful of its potential consequences and to use it responsibly.

In recent years, Tamarisk has become an increasingly popular subject of research and study due to its unique abilities and potential applications. Scientists and researchers are exploring new ways to utilize the plant's abilities to address a range of environmental and ecological issues.

For example, Tamarisk has been found to be effective at removing heavy metals and other pollutants from contaminated water sources. This makes it a promising tool for water purification and remediation efforts in areas where pollutants have entered the water supply. Additionally, its ability to absorb large amounts of water makes it useful for reducing the effects of flooding in low-lying areas.

Another area of study involves the genetic diversity of Tamarisk. Scientists are exploring the genetic makeup of the plant in order to better understand its adaptability and to identify new ways to utilize its abilities. By studying the genetic diversity of Tamarisk, researchers hope to develop new strategies for controlling its spread and reducing its impact on native ecosystems.

In addition to its scientific and practical applications, Tamarisk is also a popular subject of study in the arts and humanities. Its unique appearance and cultural significance have inspired writers, artists, and photographers to create works that capture its beauty and significance. Whether as a subject of scientific inquiry, a tool for environmental protection, or a source of artistic inspiration, Tamarisk continues to captivate and fascinate people around the world.

In conclusion, Tamarisk is a plant with many remarkable abilities and potential applications. From its ability to grow in difficult conditions, to its potential for water purification and remediation, to its cultural and artistic significance, Tamarisk is a species that continues to draw attention and interest from people across a range of disciplines. Whether you are a scientist, an environmentalist, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of nature, Tamarisk is definitely a species worth learning about and exploring.


Tamarisk filmed at Silverdale (27th May 2023) and Heysham, Lancashire (27th May 2023).


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