Search

[?]

English Elm

Ulmus minor

Plant Data

Order:
Rosales
Family:
Ulmaceae (Elm)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
Tuft of red stamens appearing on the twigs long before the leaves appear. Wind pollinated.
Fruit:
Winged fruits, called 'samara's'. 1cm across with a single seed in the centre. The wing is pale green, transparent with a notch in its end.
Leaves:
A deciduous shrub or tree. Alternate, dark green, oval leaves with pointed tips and sharp-toothed margins. The upper part of the leaf has prominent veins and feels like sandpaper. Leaves turn yellow in autumn. All Elm trees have asymmetrical leaf bases.
Maximum Size:
30 meters tall.
Foraging Notes:
The fruit, inner bark and leaves are all edible. The leaves are eaten cooked or raw, and the inner bark, cooked. High in fat and protein. The fruit can be eaten raw but is best when young. Tea can be made from the leaves.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Other Names:
Cork-barked Elm, East Anglian Elm, Field Elm, Narrow-leaved Elm, Small-leaved Elm, Smooth-leaved Elm.
Habitats:
Hedgerows, woodland.