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Tuft of red stamens appearing on the twigs long before the leaves appear. Wind pollinated.
A winged fruit, pale green and with a notched end. Each winged fruit contains a single seed in its centre. The winged fruit are known as 'samara's' and reach a maximum of 1cm across. The samara's turn brown later in the year.
A deciduous shrub or tree. Alternate and oval leaves with pointed tips. Dark green and sharp-pointed serrations around the margins of the leaves. The Wych Elm has larger leaves than those of other Elm species. The texture of the leaf is similar to sandpaper. All Elm trees have asymmetrical leaf bases.
40 meters tall.
The leaves can be eaten, either raw or cooked. The inner bark can be dried and ground into a powder, then used in soups as a thickening agent. The winged fruits can be eaten raw, when young.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
European Mountain Elm, Mountain Elm, Scots Elm, Scottish Elm, Wych Hazel.
Ditches, hedgerows, riversides, waterside, woodland.