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Plot's Elm

Ulmus minor plotii

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Ulmaceae (Elm)
Deciduous tree
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
27 metres tall
Fields, hedgerows, roadsides.

Red, no petals
10 to 25 flowers per cluster.
A broadly ovate, pale green disc, 1 to 2cm across. The technical name for the fruit is a 'samara'.
The dark green leaves are elliptical and blunt toothed, each is up to 8cm long and 4cm wide. They have a slightly heart-shaped base and are hairless, except for a small tuft of hair at the base of the leaf. There are 7 to 10 pairs of lateral veins per leaf. Plot's Elm is similar to other Elm species but with narrow leaves, measuring between 3 and 7cm. The branches are drooping.
Other Names:
Lock Elm, Lock's Elm, Plot Elm.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Ulmus minor 'Poulteney' (also known as Ulmus minor 'Plotii') is a cultivar of the European white elm (Ulmus minor). It is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree that is native to Europe and western Asia. 'Poulteney' is a weeping cultivar, meaning that it has long, drooping branches that give it a graceful, cascading appearance. The leaves of this cultivar are dark green and oval-shaped, and the tree produces small, greenish-brown flowers in the spring. Ulmus minor 'Poulteney' is a popular ornamental tree due to its attractive form and beautiful autumn foliage. It is generally easy to care for and can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions, making it a good choice for gardeners with varying levels of experience.


Elm, Ulmus minor 'Plotii' is a deciduous tree that is known for its distinctive and attractive features. This cultivar of the Ulmus minor species is commonly referred to as "Plot's Elm" and is a popular choice among landscape designers, gardeners, and homeowners.

One of the most distinctive features of Plot's Elm is its unique, twisted and contorted trunk, which is covered in smooth, grayish-brown bark. This feature makes the tree an eye-catching focal point in any garden or landscape. The leaves of Plot's Elm are small, oval-shaped, and have a glossy green color that is particularly striking in the spring and summer months.

Another notable feature of Plot's Elm is its ability to adapt to a wide range of soils and growing conditions. This tree is quite hardy and can thrive in both full sun and partial shade. It is also very resistant to pests and diseases, making it a low-maintenance choice for gardeners and landscapers.

Plot's Elm is a slow-growing tree, so it is ideal for smaller gardens or landscapes where space is limited. It is also a great choice for those who want to add an attractive focal point to their garden without having to worry about the tree outgrowing its space.

Despite its smaller size, Plot's Elm is a very tough and durable tree, making it ideal for planting in areas that are exposed to strong winds or harsh weather conditions. Its compact size also makes it suitable for planting along sidewalks, driveways, or other areas where space is limited.

Plot's Elm is a versatile and attractive tree that is well-suited for a wide range of garden and landscape styles. Its unique and eye-catching twisted trunk, hardiness, and adaptability to different soils and growing conditions make it an ideal choice for homeowners, landscapers, and gardeners alike.

In addition to its ornamental qualities, Plot's Elm also has several ecological benefits. The tree is known to provide habitat for a variety of wildlife species, including birds, insects, and small mammals. Its dense canopy provides shade, which is particularly valuable in urban areas where green spaces are limited.

Plot's Elm is also a valuable source of food for many species of wildlife. Its leaves are an important source of food for caterpillars and other insects, which in turn provides food for birds and other predators. The tree's seeds are also eaten by a variety of animals, including squirrels and other small mammals.

Another benefit of Plot's Elm is its ability to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and reduce the level of greenhouse gases. This makes it an important species in the fight against climate change and a valuable addition to any landscape or garden that is focused on sustainability.

If you are considering planting Plot's Elm in your garden or landscape, it is important to choose a reputable nursery or supplier. The tree is relatively easy to grow and maintain, but it is important to ensure that you purchase a healthy and well-established specimen. When planted in the right location and given the proper care, Plot's Elm can provide years of enjoyment and ecological benefits.

It's also important to note that Plot's Elm is a deciduous tree, which means it will lose its leaves in the fall and winter months. During this time, the twisted and contorted trunk of the tree is particularly striking and can provide visual interest in the landscape even when the tree is dormant.

When planting Plot's Elm, it's important to choose a location with well-draining soil and good exposure to sunlight. The tree prefers soil that is slightly acidic and should be watered regularly during its first year to help it establish a strong root system. It's also important to fertilize the tree regularly with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer to promote healthy growth and vigor.

Finally, it's important to prune Plot's Elm regularly to maintain its shape and to encourage healthy growth. Pruning should be done in the late winter or early spring before new growth begins, and it should be done by a professional if you are not experienced in tree pruning.

In conclusion, Plot's Elm is a wonderful choice for anyone looking to add a unique and eye-catching tree to their garden or landscape. With its twisted trunk, hardiness, ecological benefits, and adaptability to different soils and growing conditions, this tree is sure to provide years of enjoyment and beauty. Just be sure to choose a healthy specimen, plant it in a well-draining location with good exposure to sunlight, and provide it with the proper care and maintenance.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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