Open the Advanced Search

Blood-drop Emlets

Mimulus luteus

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.


Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Phrymaceae (Monkeyflower)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
90 centimetres tall
Gardens, marshes, meadows, riversides, swamps, waterside, wetland.

Yellow, 5 petals
The funnel-shaped flowers are bright yellow with red blotches.
The fruit is a 2-valved capsule.
A perennial with opposite, round, green leaves. The leaves are irregularly toothed. Fleshy, upright stems. Clump-forming.
Other Names:
Common Monkeyflower, Monkey Flower, Yellow Monkeyflower, Yellow Musk.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Mimulus luteus, also known as the yellow monkeyflower or common monkeyflower, is a species of flowering plant in the figwort family. It is native to North America and is found in a variety of habitat types, including forests, meadows, and streamsides. Mimulus luteus is a perennial herb that grows to a height of about 60 cm (2 feet). It has narrow, lance-shaped leaves and bright yellow, trumpet-shaped flowers that bloom in the summer. The flowers are a popular nectar source for bees and other insects. Mimulus luteus is often used in gardens as an ornamental plant and is also used in naturalized plantings and in erosion control. It is generally easy to grow and does well in moist, well-draining soil.


Blood-drop Emlets, also known as Monkey Flowers, are a species of flowering plant in the family Phrymaceae. They belong to the genus Mimulus and are scientifically known as Mimulus luteus.

Blood-drop Emlets are native to North America and can be found growing in wet and marshy areas along streams, rivers, and wetlands. They get their name from their bright yellow or orange flowers that resemble drops of blood. The flowers grow in clusters and are arranged along a stem that can reach up to three feet in height. The leaves of the Blood-drop Emlet are green and lance-shaped, and grow alternately along the stem.

One of the defining characteristics of Blood-drop Emlets is their unique pollination method. Unlike most flowers, which are pollinated by insects, Blood-drop Emlets are primarily pollinated by hummingbirds. The bright color of the flowers serves as an attractant, drawing hummingbirds to the plant where they feed on the nectar and help to distribute the plant's pollen.

Aside from their ornamental value, Blood-drop Emlets have a number of traditional uses in herbal medicine. Native American tribes have long used the plant to treat a variety of ailments, including skin irritations, colds, and respiratory infections. In modern herbal medicine, Blood-drop Emlets are sometimes used as a remedy for anxiety and stress, and are believed to have a calming effect on the nervous system.

If you're interested in growing Blood-drop Emlets in your garden, they are relatively easy to care for and will thrive in moist soil and partial shade. They can be propagated by seed or by dividing the root clumps. Once established, Blood-drop Emlets will produce an abundance of flowers from early summer to fall, and are sure to attract hummingbirds and other pollinators to your garden.

Aside from their ornamental and medicinal uses, Blood-drop Emlets have a fascinating ecological role in their habitats. They provide important food and habitat for a variety of wildlife, including hummingbirds, butterflies, and other pollinators. The plants also play a role in improving water quality in wetland areas by filtering pollutants and excess nutrients from the water.

Blood-drop Emlets are also important indicators of environmental health. They are considered “hydrophytes”, which means that they are adapted to growing in wet conditions. The presence of Blood-drop Emlets in a wetland area can indicate that the water quality is healthy and that the area is functioning as an important wildlife habitat.

It's also worth noting that the Blood-drop Emlet is the state flower of California. This is due to the plant's widespread distribution in the state and its cultural significance to the indigenous people who have lived there for thousands of years.

Unfortunately, like many other wetland plants, Blood-drop Emlets are facing threats from habitat loss and degradation. Wetlands are being drained and converted for human use, causing declines in the populations of these and other plant species. In addition, the spread of non-native plant species can also pose a threat to the survival of native plants like the Blood-drop Emlet.

To help protect these important plants and the wetland habitats they depend on, it's important to support conservation efforts and to be mindful of our impact on the environment. This can include planting native species in our gardens, supporting conservation organizations, and avoiding activities that can harm wetland habitats, such as littering or using pesticides.

Blood-drop Emlets are not only beautiful and useful, but they also play a crucial role in the health of our wetland ecosystems. By valuing and protecting these plants, we can help to preserve the rich diversity of life that depends on them.

Another aspect to consider is the potential medicinal benefits of Blood-drop Emlets. While more research is needed in this area, preliminary studies have shown that the plant may have some therapeutic properties.

For example, the leaves of the Blood-drop Emlet contain compounds that have been shown to have anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties. These compounds may be useful in treating a range of conditions, from skin irritations and inflammation to chronic pain and arthritis.

In addition, the plant is also being studied for its potential as an antidepressant. Some research has suggested that compounds found in Blood-drop Emlets may have an effect on the levels of certain neurotransmitters in the brain, leading to a reduction in symptoms of depression and anxiety.

It's worth noting, however, that these uses have not been fully tested or validated by scientific research and should not be used as a substitute for conventional medical treatment. If you're considering using Blood-drop Emlets for medicinal purposes, it's important to speak with your healthcare provider first.

In any case, the potential health benefits of Blood-drop Emlets serve to highlight the importance of preserving and protecting these plants. By studying and understanding the properties of native species like the Blood-drop Emlet, we can potentially unlock new and innovative ways to address a range of health issues.

In conclusion, Blood-drop Emlets are not just beautiful and ecologically important, but they may also hold key insights into the development of new medicines and therapies. By valuing and protecting these plants, we can help to ensure that their full potential is realized for the benefit of future generations.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

Click to open an Interactive Map