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Montia fontana

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Montiaceae (Blinks)
Also in this family:
Life Cycle:
Annual or Perennial
Maximum Size:
50 centimetres long
Ditches, fields, mud, riversides, rocky places, wasteland, water, waterside, wetland.

White, 5 petals
Very tiny white flowers appearing in clusters of 1 to 3. Short-stalked. Pollinated by insects.
Shiny, black fruits. The seeds ripen from June to October.
A prostrate, low-growing, annual or short-lived perennial plant with small, narrowly oval to oblong (blunt-tipped) leaves. The leaves appear together in opposite pairs along the stems. Usually found growing on wet ground or in mud and is sometimes aquatic.
Other Names:
Annual Water Miner's Lettuce, Water Blinks, Water Chickweed, Water Montia.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Montia fontana, also known as water blinks or water montia, is a perennial flowering plant that is native to North America. It is a member of the Portulacaceae family and is known for its small, pink or white flowers that are borne on long stalks above the foliage. The plant has delicate, heart-shaped leaves and grows to be about 6-12 inches tall. M. fontana is a popular garden plant and is often used in rock gardens or as an edging plant. It is a hardy plant that is easy to grow and is tolerant of a wide range of soil types, but it prefers moist, well-drained soils and full sun to partial shade. The plant is attractive to pollinators and is a popular nectar source for bees, butterflies, and other insects. It is also used medicinally in some traditional cultures and has been used to treat a variety of ailments, including respiratory problems and skin irritation.


Water Montia (Montia fontana) - An Overview

Water Montia, also known as Montia fontana, is a flowering plant species native to North America. It is part of the Portulacaceae family and is commonly referred to as the swamp primrose or rock princess. The plant is prized for its delicate, bright-colored blooms that appear in late spring to early summer.

Appearance and Habitat

Water Montia is a herbaceous perennial plant that grows to be about 6 to 12 inches tall and spreads to be about 8 to 12 inches wide. It has fleshy, oval-shaped leaves that grow in a rosette pattern. The leaves are typically a green or blue-green color and are covered in fine hairs. The plant produces small, cup-shaped flowers in shades of pink, purple, yellow, or white. These flowers grow on slender stalks that rise above the leaves.

Water Montia is found in wet habitats such as bogs, swamps, and meadows. It thrives in cool, moist environments and can often be found growing along the edges of streams or ponds. It is also commonly grown in garden settings for its ornamental value.

Cultivation and Care

Water Montia is relatively easy to grow and care for, making it a popular choice for gardeners. The plant prefers a well-drained, moist soil and will not tolerate dry soil conditions. It is also a shade-tolerant species and can be grown in full sun to part shade.

To cultivate Water Montia, start by planting the seeds in well-drained soil in the spring or fall. The plant can also be propagated through division or cuttings. It is important to keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged. The plant may also benefit from fertilization in the spring with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer.

In the garden, Water Montia is often used as a groundcover or as an accent plant in rock gardens. It is also a great choice for container gardens or as an addition to water gardens.


Water Montia is a beautiful and easy-to-grow plant that is well-suited to wet or moist habitats. Its bright, delicate flowers and attractive foliage make it a popular choice for gardeners and landscapers. Whether grown in the garden or in the wild, Water Montia is a wonderful addition to any outdoor space.

In addition to its ornamental value, Water Montia also has some ecological importance. The plant provides valuable habitat and food for a variety of wildlife, including pollinators like bees and butterflies. Its fleshy leaves store water, making it a valuable resource for wildlife in times of drought.

Water Montia is also used for medicinal purposes. Indigenous communities in North America have used the plant for a variety of purposes, including as a treatment for wounds, respiratory issues, and digestive problems. The plant contains a variety of compounds that are thought to have medicinal properties, including tannins, flavonoids, and alkaloids.

Despite its benefits, Water Montia can also become invasive in some areas. Its ability to grow and spread quickly, combined with its tolerance of a wide range of growing conditions, means that it can outcompete native plant species. Gardeners should be mindful of this potential when planting Water Montia and consider planting it in containers or in areas where it can be easily controlled.

Overall, Water Montia is a versatile and attractive plant that adds beauty and ecological value to outdoor spaces. Whether grown in the garden or in the wild, it is a wonderful addition to any landscape.

Water Montia is also known for its ability to tolerate a wide range of growing conditions. It can withstand a variety of soil types, from clay to sand, and is tolerant of both acidic and alkaline soils. The plant is also able to tolerate seasonal fluctuations in moisture levels, making it an ideal choice for wetland restoration projects.

Water Montia is also a hardy plant and is able to survive cold temperatures and frost. In areas with cold winters, the plant will die back to the ground but will reemerge in the spring. Gardeners in colder climates should mulch the plant in the fall to help protect the roots and encourage healthy growth in the spring.

Another unique feature of Water Montia is its ability to adapt to different light conditions. The plant can grow in full sun or part shade and will adjust its growth habit accordingly. This makes it a versatile choice for gardeners who want to incorporate it into a variety of outdoor spaces.

In addition to its ornamental value, Water Montia is also an excellent choice for erosion control. Its spreading habit and deep roots make it ideal for stabilizing slopes and preventing soil erosion. This makes it an important component of many landscaping and restoration projects.

In conclusion, Water Montia is a versatile and attractive plant that has a wide range of uses in the garden and in the wild. Its ability to tolerate a variety of growing conditions, combined with its ornamental value and ecological importance, make it a valuable addition to any outdoor space.


Blinks filmed on Winter Hill in Lancashire on the 7th May 2023.


Music credits
Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairies by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.

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