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Corn Mignonette

Reseda phyteuma

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Resedaceae (Mignonette)
Also in this family:
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
60 centimetres tall
Fields, meadows, rocky places, wasteland.

White, 6 petals
Greenish-white flowers appearing inside a densely-packed spike. Pollinated by insects.
The fruit is a globular pod with 3 distinct points.
An annual or short-lived perennial flower with mostly unlobd leaves (unlike Wild Mignonette and White Mignonette).
Other Names:
Campion, Rampion, Rampion Mignonette.
Frequency (UK):
Rarely seen  

Similar Species

Other Information


Reseda phyteuma, also known as rampion or campion, is a species of perennial herb in the Resedaceae family. It is native to Europe and Western Asia, and it is typically found growing in meadows, pastures, and rocky areas. The plant typically grows to a height of 60 cm and produces spikes of small, blue or violet-blue flowers. The leaves are lanceolate, and they are arranged alternately on the stem. The plant blooms from late spring to early fall. It is often cultivated as an ornamental plant for its attractive flowers and its pleasant fragrance. The flowers are used for perfumery and some traditional medicine system also use it for treatment of certain ailments. It also has been used as a source of food for cattle and sheep, although it is toxic to them in large amounts.


Corn Mignonette, also known as Reseda phyteuma, is a flowering plant that belongs to the Resedaceae family. It is a native plant to Southern Europe and Northern Africa, and it has become naturalized in some parts of North America. Corn Mignonette is a very popular ornamental plant that is often grown for its beautiful and fragrant flowers.

The plant has an erect stem that can grow up to 60 cm in height. The leaves of the plant are narrow, lanceolate, and have a bluish-green color. The flowers are small and delicate, and they have a pale green color. The flowers grow in dense clusters at the top of the stem, and they are usually about 4-6 mm in size. The flowers have a sweet fragrance that is often compared to the scent of vanilla.

Corn Mignonette is a very hardy plant that can grow in a wide range of soils and conditions. It prefers full sunlight, but it can also grow in partial shade. The plant can tolerate dry conditions, but it prefers moist soils. Corn Mignonette is often grown as an annual, but it can also be grown as a perennial in warmer climates.

The plant is very easy to grow from seed, and it is often sown directly in the garden in the spring. The seeds should be sown about 1 cm deep in the soil, and they should be spaced about 10-15 cm apart. The plant will germinate in about 10-14 days, and it will start to flower about 8-10 weeks after sowing.

Corn Mignonette is a very popular plant for use in cut flower arrangements. The flowers have a long vase life and they are often used to add fragrance to bouquets. The plant is also used in perfumery, and the flowers are used to make scented oils and soaps.

In addition to its ornamental and fragrance properties, Corn Mignonette has also been used for medicinal purposes. The plant has been used to treat a variety of ailments, including respiratory problems, digestive issues, and skin conditions. The plant contains several compounds that have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, and it is believed to have a number of health benefits.

Corn Mignonette has a long history of use in gardens, dating back to ancient times. It was a popular plant in the gardens of the Roman Empire, where it was used for its fragrance and beauty. The plant was also highly valued in medieval gardens, where it was often grown for use in medicinal preparations.

In addition to its use in perfumery and medicine, Corn Mignonette has also been used for culinary purposes. The plant has a slightly bitter taste, and it is sometimes used as a seasoning in soups and stews. The leaves and flowers can also be added to salads for a hint of flavor and fragrance.

Corn Mignonette is a great plant for attracting pollinators to the garden. The flowers are highly attractive to bees and butterflies, and they are an important source of nectar for these insects. This makes Corn Mignonette a great choice for gardeners who want to attract pollinators to their gardens.

One of the best things about Corn Mignonette is that it is very easy to care for. The plant does not require a lot of attention or maintenance, and it is generally pest and disease resistant. It is a great choice for beginner gardeners or for gardeners who want a low-maintenance plant.

In terms of its growing requirements, Corn Mignonette prefers well-drained soils and full sunlight. The plant can tolerate a range of soil types, from sandy to loamy, and it can tolerate moderate levels of drought. However, the plant does prefer moist soils, so it is important to water it regularly during dry spells.

Corn Mignonette is also known for its ability to self-seed, which means that it can easily spread and establish itself in new areas of the garden. This can be both an advantage and a disadvantage, depending on the gardener's preferences. If you want to keep the plant under control, it's a good idea to deadhead the flowers before they go to seed.

Another interesting fact about Corn Mignonette is that it has been used in traditional medicine to treat respiratory ailments such as coughs and bronchitis. The plant contains several compounds that have expectorant and anti-inflammatory properties, making it a natural remedy for respiratory problems. However, it's important to note that more research is needed to fully understand the medicinal properties of Corn Mignonette.

In terms of its symbolism, Corn Mignonette is often associated with love, friendship, and beauty. In the language of flowers, the plant is said to symbolize a declaration of love or an invitation to dance. It is also associated with good luck and prosperity, making it a popular choice for wedding bouquets and other celebratory occasions.

In addition to its traditional uses, Corn Mignonette is also being studied for its potential as a biofuel crop. The plant is rich in oil, which can be extracted and used to produce biodiesel. This could be a sustainable alternative to fossil fuels, and it could help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Another interesting fact about Corn Mignonette is that it has been used in perfumery for centuries. The plant has a sweet, spicy fragrance that is highly valued by perfumers, and it is often used as a base note in floral perfumes. The oil extracted from the plant is also used in soaps, lotions, and other personal care products.

Corn Mignonette is also known by its scientific name Reseda phyteuma, which is derived from the Greek words "reseda" (meaning "to calm") and "phyteuma" (meaning "swelling"). This reflects the plant's traditional use as a remedy for swelling and inflammation.

The plant is native to the Mediterranean region, but it has been naturalized in many other parts of the world, including North America and Australia. It is often grown as an ornamental plant in gardens, but it can also be found growing wild in fields and meadows.

Finally, it's worth noting that Corn Mignonette is just one species in the Reseda genus, which includes several other species of plants that are also valued for their fragrance and beauty. These include Reseda odorata (common mignonette), which is also used in perfumery, and Reseda lutea (wild mignonette), which is a popular wildflower in Europe.

In summary, Corn Mignonette is a fascinating and useful plant that has a long history of use in gardens, medicine, perfumery, and more. Whether you're interested in its culinary, medicinal, or ornamental properties, this versatile plant is definitely worth exploring.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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