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Silver Birch

Betula pendula

Plant Data

Order:
Fagales
Family:
Betulaceae (Birch)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
Male yellow catkins hang loose, female catkins much shorter and erect. Often hybridizes with Downy Birch making identification somewhat difficult at times.
Fruit:
The female catkins develop hundreds of winged seeds as their fruit.
Leaves:
Deciduous. Stalked and triangular in shape with doubly serrated margins. Leaves turn yellow in autumn. Downy Birch leaves have got serrated margins only, not doubly serrated as with Silver Birch.
Maximum Size:
30 meters tall.
Foraging Notes:
The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Catkins are edible. Tea can be made from the inner bark and leaves.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Other Names:
Common Birch, East Asian White Birch, European White Birch, Warty Birch.
Habitats:
Fens, gardens, heathland, marshes, parkland, towns, woodland.