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Marsh Clubmoss

Lycopodiella inundata

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
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Plant Profile

Lycopodiaceae (Clubmoss)
Maximum Size:
20 centimetres long
Bogs, marshes, mountains, waterside, wetland.
There are no flowers. Clubmosses reproduce by means of spores.
The cones are solitary and unstalked. Their spores ripen in August.
A semi-evergreen clubmoss with stems that are creeping and only a few branches. Bright green, untoothed, curved leaves. The leaves are sharply poiinted.
Other Names:
Inundated Clubmoss, Northern Bog Club Moss.
Frequency (UK):

Other Information


Lycopodiella inundata, also known as marsh clubmoss or inundated clubmoss, is a plant species in the family Lycopodiaceae. It is native to wetlands and bogs in Europe, Asia, and North America, and it typically grows in areas with wet soil or standing water. Marsh clubmoss is a small, herbaceous plant that forms dense mats on the ground. It has small, scale-like leaves and produces small, green or brownish-green flowers. It is an important component of wetland ecosystems and is used in horticulture as an ornamental plant.


Marsh Clubmoss (Lycopodiella inundata) is a species of vascular plant that belongs to the family Lycopodiaceae. It is commonly found in wet, marshy habitats across the world, including parts of North America, Europe, and Asia.

One of the defining features of Marsh Clubmoss is its distinctive, leafy shoots that grow in a vertical arrangement. The leaves are small and scale-like, and are usually arranged in a spiral pattern along the stem. The plant's reproductive structures are located at the top of the stem and resemble tiny, cone-like structures.

In addition to its unique appearance, Marsh Clubmoss is also known for its ecological importance. It is considered a pioneer species, meaning that it is often one of the first plants to colonize new habitats. This can be beneficial for the establishment of other plant species, as Marsh Clubmoss provides a foundation for the growth of other plants.

However, despite its ecological significance, Marsh Clubmoss is facing threats from human activities such as the destruction of its natural habitats, particularly wetlands, due to urbanization and agriculture. Climate change can also have an impact on the species, as changes in precipitation patterns and temperature can alter the wetness of its habitats.

Conservation efforts for Marsh Clubmoss include the preservation of wetland habitats and the creation of new ones, as well as research into the species' ecology and distribution. The development of appropriate management strategies is also necessary to ensure the long-term survival of Marsh Clubmoss.

Marsh Clubmoss is a fascinating species that plays a key role in the ecology of wetland habitats. As human activities continue to impact its natural habitats, it is important that conservation efforts are put in place to ensure the survival of this unique plant.

Marsh Clubmoss is also a medicinal plant that has been used for centuries in traditional medicine. Its anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties have been studied and confirmed by modern scientific research, making it a promising candidate for the development of new drugs.

The plant is rich in compounds such as flavonoids and terpenoids, which are believed to be responsible for its medicinal properties. For example, Lycopodine, a compound found in Marsh Clubmoss, has been shown to have potent anti-tumor activity in studies on human cancer cell lines.

Furthermore, Marsh Clubmoss is also a valuable ornamental plant. It is often grown in gardens and horticultural collections for its attractive appearance, ease of cultivation, and hardiness. It is particularly popular in damp, shady areas and is an excellent choice for moist, boggy gardens or rock gardens.

In recent years, the popularity of Marsh Clubmoss as an ornamental plant has led to increased cultivation, which has, in turn, created a demand for propagated plants. As a result, the species is now being grown commercially, and there is a thriving market for Marsh Clubmoss plants.

Overall, Marsh Clubmoss is a versatile species that has many uses, including medicinal, ornamental, and ecological. Its unique features, combined with its ecological and medicinal importance, make it a valuable species that deserves to be protected and conserved for future generations.

In addition to its uses and importance, Marsh Clubmoss is also a fascinating plant to study. Its unique anatomy and life cycle provide insight into the evolution of plants and their role in the ecosystem.

For example, Marsh Clubmoss is considered a living fossil because it is a representative of the earliest vascular plants that appeared on Earth more than 400 million years ago. It is a primitive plant that retains many of the ancestral characteristics of the earliest vascular plants, such as simple leaves and spores, and can provide valuable information about the evolution of modern vascular plants.

Furthermore, Marsh Clubmoss is also a fascinating subject for ecological studies. It is a dominant species in many wetland habitats and plays a critical role in the ecology of these systems. By studying its distribution, growth, and ecology, scientists can gain a deeper understanding of the processes that drive the functioning of wetland ecosystems.

In addition, the study of Marsh Clubmoss can also provide insights into the effects of environmental changes, such as climate change, on plant species. As climate change impacts wetland habitats, it is important to understand how species such as Marsh Clubmoss are affected and what implications this may have for the functioning of wetland ecosystems.

In conclusion, Marsh Clubmoss is a species that has much to offer, not only in terms of its practical uses but also in terms of the scientific knowledge that can be gained from studying it. Its importance as a medicinal plant, ornamental species, and ecological keystone species make it a species worthy of protection and conservation.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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