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Common Jasmine

Jasminum officinale

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Oleaceae (Olive)
Deciduous shrub
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
10 metres long
Gardens, meadows, riversides, roadsides, walls, wasteland, woodland.

White, 5 petals
The flowers of Common Jasmine, also known as True Jasmine, are renowned for their exquisite beauty and fragrant allure. These delicate blossoms, typically white or pale pink in hue, possess a distinct tubular shape with five slender, pointed petals. Arranged in clusters, the flowers form elegant, cascading inflorescences that grace the vine-like stems of the plant. The fragrance emitted by Common Jasmine is sweet, captivating, and unmistakably floral, making it a beloved choice for gardens and perfumery alike. In addition to their aesthetic appeal, the flowers hold cultural significance in various traditions, symbolizing purity, love, and sensuality.
Common Jasmine is renowned for its fragrant flowers, but it does not produce traditional fleshy fruits. Instead, after the flowers fade, small, round seed pods develop. These pods, known as capsules, are green and turn black as they mature. Each capsule contains several flat, winged seeds. While not typically consumed, the seeds play a role in the plant's reproductive cycle. The primary allure of Common Jasmine lies in its aromatic blossoms rather than its fruit, making it a prized ornamental plant in gardens and a popular choice for perfumery.
The leaves of Common Jasmine are opposite, pinnate, and composed of several small, lance-shaped leaflets. The leaflets are glossy and dark green, creating a lush and vibrant foliage that serves as a backdrop to the plant's fragrant flowers. The arrangement of the leaves on the stems is symmetrical, with pairs of leaflets opposing each other along the central vein. These evergreen leaves contribute to the overall ornamental appeal of the plant, providing a verdant backdrop for the cascading clusters of delicate white or pale pink blossoms. The leaves, though not as celebrated as the fragrant flowers, are an integral part of the aesthetic charm of Common Jasmine.
The fragrance of Common Jasmine is renowned for its sweet and intoxicating allure. The delicate, white or pale pink flowers emit a heady, floral scent that is both enchanting and distinctive. The perfume is often described as rich, sweet, and slightly musky, with a lingering warmth that adds to its overall appeal. Common Jasmine's fragrance is most potent in the evening, making it a popular choice for gardens and outdoor spaces where its aromatic notes can be enjoyed during twilight. This captivating scent has also made Common Jasmine a sought-after ingredient in the world of perfumery, contributing its unique and timeless essence to various fragrances.
Other Names:
Common Summer Jasmine, Common White Jasmine, Jasmine, Jessamine, Poet's Jasmine, Poet's Jessamine, Summer Jasmine, True Jasmine, White Jasmine.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Jasminum officinale, commonly known as common jasmine or poet's jasmine, is a species of flowering plant in the olive family. It is native to the Himalayas and parts of China, but it is widely cultivated in many parts of the world for its fragrant white flowers. It is a climbing or trailing shrub that can grow up to 10 meters long. The leaves are dark green and glossy, and the plant produces clusters of white, star-shaped flowers in the summer and early fall. The flowers are highly fragrant, and the plant is often used in perfumery and as an ornamental plant. Jasminum officinale is often trained to grow on walls, trellises, and other structures, and it is also used in landscaping to provide a natural privacy barrier. It is also commonly grown indoors as a houseplant.


Jasmine, with its beautiful and intoxicating fragrance, has been used for centuries in perfumes, teas, and traditional medicines. Among the various species of jasmine, Jasminum officinale, commonly known as common jasmine or poet's jasmine, is one of the most popular and widely cultivated.

Origin and Distribution

Jasminum officinale is native to Iran, Afghanistan, and parts of Central Asia. It was later introduced to other parts of the world, including Europe, where it has been cultivated for its aromatic flowers and essential oils since the 16th century. Today, it is grown in many countries, including China, India, and Morocco.


Common jasmine is a woody climbing vine that can grow up to 10 meters in height. Its leaves are bright green and shiny, with five to nine oval-shaped leaflets. The flowers are white or cream-colored, with a sweet and intense fragrance that is most prominent in the evening. The plant blooms from mid-summer to early fall, with each flower lasting only a few days.


Common jasmine is a hardy plant that thrives in full sun or partial shade and prefers well-drained soil. It can be propagated by stem cuttings or layering, and it requires regular pruning to control its growth and maintain its shape. In colder climates, it may need protection during the winter months.


Common jasmine is primarily cultivated for its fragrant flowers, which are used to make essential oils, perfumes, and cosmetics. The oil extracted from the flowers is also used in aromatherapy to promote relaxation and reduce stress. In traditional medicine, jasmine has been used to treat a variety of ailments, including headaches, anxiety, and depression. In some cultures, the flowers are also used to flavor teas and desserts.


Jasmine is often associated with love, beauty, and purity in various cultures. In India, it is considered a sacred flower and is often used in religious ceremonies. In China, jasmine is a symbol of feminine sweetness and grace, while in the Middle East, it is a symbol of hospitality and generosity.

In conclusion, Jasminum officinale, or common jasmine, is a beautiful and versatile plant that has been used for centuries for its fragrance and medicinal properties. Its sweet and intoxicating aroma is sure to delight anyone who comes across it, making it a popular choice for gardens, homes, and perfumes.

More Information about Common Jasmine

Common jasmine, or Jasminum officinale, is not just a beautiful and fragrant plant, but it also has several health benefits. Jasmine essential oil, which is extracted from its flowers, has been used in aromatherapy to relieve stress, anxiety, and depression. The oil is also believed to have anti-inflammatory properties and can be used to alleviate pain associated with muscle spasms, menstrual cramps, and headaches.

In addition to its health benefits, common jasmine is also an excellent plant for attracting pollinators such as bees and butterflies to your garden. The plant's nectar-rich flowers are a great source of food for these important insects, which help to pollinate crops and maintain healthy ecosystems.

If you're interested in growing common jasmine in your garden, there are several varieties to choose from, including 'Clotted Cream', 'Fiona Sunrise', and 'Frojas'. These cultivars have different flower colors, including white, cream, and yellow, and may have slight variations in fragrance and growth habits.

Common jasmine is a beautiful and versatile plant that can be used for its fragrance, medicinal properties, and as a source of food for pollinators. Whether you're a gardener, aromatherapy enthusiast, or simply appreciate its beauty and symbolism, common jasmine is a plant worth exploring.

Common jasmine has been used in traditional medicine for centuries, particularly in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine. It is believed to have several health benefits, including being an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and a natural pain reliever. It has been used to treat skin irritations, asthma, and digestive problems.

Studies have also shown that the essential oil of common jasmine has antioxidant properties, which can help protect the body against damage from free radicals. Additionally, the oil has been found to have sedative effects, which can help promote relaxation and improve sleep quality.

Common jasmine is also used in the beauty industry, particularly in skincare products, due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It is believed to help improve skin tone, reduce the appearance of scars and wrinkles, and promote healthy skin.

Aside from its medicinal and beauty benefits, common jasmine has cultural and symbolic significance in many parts of the world. In South Asian cultures, the jasmine flower is considered a symbol of love and purity and is often used in wedding ceremonies. In the Philippines, the flower is used to make leis and is a symbol of hospitality. In Indonesia, the flower is associated with peace and serenity and is often used in religious ceremonies.

Common jasmine is not only a beautiful and useful plant but it also plays a significant role in the perfume industry. The oil extracted from jasmine flowers is highly valued for its sweet and floral scent, and it is often used as a base note in perfumes. In fact, jasmine is considered one of the most important floral ingredients in the fragrance industry, with demand for its essential oil constantly growing.

The process of extracting jasmine essential oil is time-consuming and requires a large quantity of flowers. Jasmine flowers are harvested early in the morning when their scent is at its peak and are processed immediately to preserve their fragrance. The flowers are then placed in a solvent such as hexane or ethanol to extract the essential oil. The resulting oil is then further refined to produce the final product.

Aside from being used in perfumes, jasmine essential oil is also used in aromatherapy to promote relaxation and reduce stress. It can be used in diffusers, massage oils, and bath products to create a calming and soothing atmosphere.

In addition to its use in perfumes and aromatherapy, common jasmine is also used in the food industry. Jasmine tea, which is made by steeping dried jasmine flowers in hot water, is a popular beverage in many parts of the world. The tea has a delicate floral flavor and is often served with meals or as a soothing drink before bedtime.

In conclusion, common jasmine is a plant with numerous uses and benefits. It is not only beautiful and fragrant, but it also has medicinal properties, cultural significance, and plays a crucial role in the perfume and food industries. Whether you're a gardener, aromatherapy enthusiast, or simply a fan of its sweet scent and delicate beauty, common jasmine is a plant that is sure to delight and inspire.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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