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Horse Chestnut

Aesculus hippocastanum

Plant Data

Order:
Sapindales
Family:
Sapindaceae (Maple)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
White flower spikes up to 30cm, sometimes referred to as Candles. 4-5 white petals with yellow or pink blotches at their bases.
Fruit:
The green globular fruits of the Horse Chestnut are commonly known as 'conkers' and they are sometimes spiky on the outside. The shells of the conkers split open to reveal a brown nut (the seed). Each conker can be anything up to 6cm in diameter.
Leaves:
A deciduous tree with shiny green, large leaves. The palmate leaf resembles the shape of a hand with spreading fingers. Each leaf has 7 green fingers (or leaflets) which emanates from the end of its stem.
Maximum Size:
30 meters tall.
Foraging Notes:
Horse Chestnut is poisonous. All parts of the plant contain poisons such as esculin, glycoside and saponin.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Aroma:
Flowers smell pleasant.
Other Names:
Buckeye, Common Horse Chestnut, Conker Tree, European Horse Chestnut.
Habitats:
Gardens, towns, woodland.