Wild Flower Web
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-- All habitats --
Male and female flowers exist on the same tree. Yellowish-green hanging catkin-like clusters. No petals and 5 sepals per flower. Wind and insect pollinated.
Winged fruit known as keys (or samaras). A common nickname for the fruit is a helicopter or whirlybird.
A deciduous tree. The leaves of Sycamore are palmately lobed, with 3 to 5 lobes. The leaves are between 4 and 7 inches in size and are arranged alternately along the stems. The margins of the leaves are round-toothed. The leaves turn yellow in autumn before falling to the ground. The leaves are sometimes covered in dark black spots with a yellow outline. This is a disease called tar spot which is caused by a fungus called 'rhytisma acerinum'. Tar spot is harmless and is an indication that the air surrounding the tree is clean.
35 meters tall.
The sap can be used to make sugar and wine. The leaves and seed pods are edible too.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
The flowers smell sweet.
Celtic Maple, English Sycamore, European Sycamore, False Plane Tree, Great Maple, Mock Plane, Mount Maple, Planetree Maple, Scottish Maple, Sycamore Maple.
Farmland, gardens, hedgerows, mountains, parkland, riversides, roadsides, swamps, towns, waterside, woodland.