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Sycamore

Acer pseudoplatanus

Plant Data

Order:
Sapindales
Family:
Sapindaceae (Maple)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
Male and female flowers exist on the same tree. Yellowish-green hanging catkin-like clusters. No petals and 5 sepals per flower. Wind and insect pollinated.
Fruit:
Winged fruit known as keys (or samaras). A common nickname for the fruit is a helicopter or whirlybird.
Leaves:
A deciduous tree. The leaves of Sycamore are palmately lobed, with 3 to 5 lobes. The leaves are between 4 and 7 inches in size and are arranged alternately along the stems. The margins of the leaves are round-toothed. The leaves turn yellow in autumn before falling to the ground. The leaves are sometimes covered in dark black spots with a yellow outline. This is a disease called tar spot which is caused by a fungus called 'rhytisma acerinum'. Tar spot is harmless and is an indication that the air surrounding the tree is clean.
Maximum Size:
35 meters tall.
Foraging Notes:
The sap can be used to make sugar and wine. The leaves and seed pods are edible too.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Aroma:
The flowers smell sweet.
Other Names:
Celtic Maple, English Sycamore, European Sycamore, False Plane Tree, Great Maple, Mock Plane, Mount Maple, Planetree Maple, Scottish Maple, Sycamore Maple.
Habitats:
Farmland, gardens, hedgerows, mountains, parkland, riversides, roadsides, swamps, towns, waterside, woodland.