Habitat: Grassland

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Showing 1-25 of 813 records

Winter Aconite

Flower: Cup-shaped flowers, up to 3cm wide. The flowers have large, deeply cut, leafy bracts at their bases. Fruit: Follicles which contain the seeds. Leaves: A perennial with deeply cut, glossy, hairless basal leaves. Throughout the British Isles, Winter Aconite is most common in the east of England and Scotland.

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Fragrant Agrimony

Flower: The inflorescence is a long flower spike. The flowers are about 1cm across with notched tips. 12 stamens. 2 pistils. Fruit: Bell-shaped, burred fruit with hooks that are down-turned. The fruit is about 1cm long. Leaves: No basal leaves. The stem leaves are stalked and alternate up the stems. They are pinnate leaves with 3 to 7 pairs. Leaflets are lance-shaped and large toothed. The leaves are more deeply toothed than...

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Common Agrimony

Flower: Yellow, spiked, 5 petals. Fruit: Rough, burred fruit with hooks that clings to clothing easily. Leaves: Soft hairs present. Pinnate, in pairs of 3-6 toothed leaflets.

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Alkanet

Flower: Tight clusters of purplish-blue flowers. Roundish petals. Densely hairy. 5 stamens. Pollinated by bees. Fruit: Brown, 4-parted fruit, about 4mm long. The seeds ripen from July to October. Leaves: The leaves and stems are very hairy. The leaves are elliptic and wavy-edged. Not toothed. The leaves are alternate along both sides of the stems. Biennial or perennial.

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False Alkanet

Flower: Small clusters of bright blue flowers with white centres. Fruit: The fruit is a nutlet. Leaves: A very hairy perennial plant with erect stems and alternate, lance-shaped leaves.

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Allseed

Flower: The small white flowers are short-stalked and appear inside branched clusters. The 4 petals are about as long as the toothed sepals. Fruit: The fruit is a globular seed capsule. Leaves: A well-branched annual with very small, pointed oval leaves. The leaves are in opposite pairs along the stems. Greyish-green, stiff, thread-like, forked, reddish stems.

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Apple-of-Peru

Flower: Solitary, bell-shaped, pale blue or violet flowers with a white throat. The flowers measure about 3 to 5cm across and only open for a few hours per day. Fruit: The fruit is a brown berry enclosed inside the net-veined sepals. The berries each measure about 1.5cm in diameter. Leaves: An annual flower with pointed oval leaves up to 10cm (4 inches) long. The leaves are toothed and have wavy edges.

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Wild Asparagus

Flower: Minute greenish-white or yellowish-white tubular flowers, appearing in 1's or 2's along the stems. Fruit: The fruit is a small red berry. Leaves: A long-lived perennial plant with no true leaves. Bluish-green, needle-like leaves in whorls along the stems. Leaves usually measure no longer than 2cm long.

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Goldilocks Aster

Flower: Loose, erect clusters of bright golden yellow flowers. They measure no larger than 1.8cm across. The yellow stigmas are prominent. Very late flowering. Fruit: The fruit is an achene. An achene is a type of dry, one-seeded fruit. Leaves: Numerous, linear, lance-shaped leaves. Unlike the similar looking Golden Samphire (Inula crithmoides), the leaves are not fleshy.

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Mountain Avens

Flower: Solitary flowers which are stalked (3 to 10cm in length). Usually 8 petals (sometimes 7 to 10). At the centre of the flower are many golden yellow stamens. Flowers are each 4cm in diameter. Pollinated... Fruit: The fruit is a nutlet, attached is a long feathery plume. Leaves: A low-growing, prostrate, mat-forming undershrub with dark green, oak-like leaves. The undersides of the leaves are downy white. The upper surfaces are smooth and hairless. The stems are woody. Grows ...

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Mrs Wilson's Barberry

Flower: Clusters of yellow flowers. Possibly could be confused with Darwin's Barberry (Berberis darwinii) but that has orange flowers. Pollinated by insects. Fruit: Small red berries. The berries appear from August to November. Leaves: Mrs Wilson's Barberry is a very spiny shrub with arching branches. The leaves are narrow and pear-shaped. They are silvery green at first but by autumn the leaves have matured into a shade of red or d...

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Meadow Barley

Flower: Compact, purple-tinted, flower spikes with long awns. The spikes are a maximum of 5cm long. The rough, bristle-like glumes are shorter than those of the similar looking Wall Barley (Hordeum murinum). Fruit: The fruit is a caryopsis. Leaves: A perennial grass which is shorter than the similar looking Wall Barley. Flat, rough, mid-green leaves, 5mm wide.

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Wall Barley

Flower: Bristly flower spikes reaching up to 10cm in length, although seldom that long. Wind pollinated. Fruit: A flattened, globular caryopsis. A caryopsis is a type of one-seeded, dry fruit, typical of grasses and cereal crops. Leaves: An annual species of grass with long, stiff awns. The awns reach 3cm in length. The leaves also have long basal auricles. The sheaths are flat and hairy. This is the commonest species of Barley which ...

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Foxtail Barley

Flower: Purple to pale green in colour. Nodding panicles of long-awned spikelets. 3 anthers. Wind pollinated. Fruit: A caryopsis. Leaves: An annual or perennial grass with slender greyish-green leaf blades.

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Two-rowed Barley

Flower: Green spikes with awns of varying lengths depending on the exact species. Fruit: A single-seeded dry fruit, or grain, technically called a caryopsis. Leaves: An annual crop of the grass family. Barley has grass-like leaves. Green, long and linear.

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Red Bartsia

Flower: Pink-purple one-sided flower spike, lower lip of flowers are 3-lobed. Fruit: Hairy capsules. Seeds are ridged and oval. Leaves: Narrow and hairy opposite leaves which are also lanceolate and toothed.

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Yellow Bartsia

Flower: The inflorescence is a leafy spike of flowers. Each flower has got a long 3-lobed lower lip. Fruit: A hairy, egg-shaped capsule. About 1cm long. Leaves: An annual stiff plant covered in sticky, glandular hairs. The broadly lanceolate leaves appear together in opposite pairs. The hairy leaves are toothed and unstalked.

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Alpine Bartsia

Flower: Dark purple flowers with leafy bracts. The flowers are occasionally yellow. 4 stamens. Fruit: A dark brown, oval capsule. 2 valves. Leaves: A downy perennial plant with purple-tinted, oval, untoothed leaves. Unstalked. The leaves appear together in opposite pairs along the stems.

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Wild Basil

Flower: The lilac, mauve, purple or pink flowers are in whorls and are found mostly at the top of the stems. 2-lipped. 4 or 5 lobed. Insect-pollinated. Fruit: A one-seeded nutlet. The seeds ripen in August and September. Leaves: Pointed, oval and slightly blunt-toothed, apple green leaves with prominent curved veins. Leaves are either stalkless or short-stalked. Square stems. A hairy perennial.

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Annual Beard-grass

Flower: A dense, long, one-flowered spike (up to 15cm or 6 inches). The spike looks fluffy/silky and greenish-white due to its compactly-spaced awns (each up to 7mm long). Pollinated by the wind. Fruit: The fruit is a caryopsis. A caryopsis is a kind of dry, one-seeded fruit common in grasses. The seeds ripen from July to September. Leaves: An annual grass with typical-looking linear, grass-like leaves. Leaf blades are minutely hairy or hairless and about 6mm wide.

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Marsh Bedstraw

Flower: Small, white flowers. Up to 4mm in diameter. Fruit: Small, globular fruit, slightly wrinkled. Leaves: Rough-margined leaves, in whorls of 4 to 6. Stems are without prickles. The similar-looking Fen Bedstraw (Galium oliginosum) does not have prickles on the stems. Perennial which sometimes grows in wat...

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Heath Bedstraw

Flower: Tiny, white, forming dense clusters, 4 petals. Fruit: Nutlets are brown and ovoid, hairless and with tiny dome-shaped warts. Leaves: Sharply pointed. Edges have minute forward pointing prickles. In whorls of 5-8 along the main stem.

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Lady's Bedstraw

Flower: Tiny, bright golden yellow, forming dense clusters, 4 petals. Our only bedstraw with yellow flowers. Fruit: 2-lobed, round, green capsules which are glossy and hairless. Later turning black and splitting in two, then falling to the ground with the seed remaining inside. Leaves: Very linear and needle-like. Stalkless. Normally in whorls of 8.

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Limestone Bedstraw

Flower: The small flowers of Limestone Bedstraw are 4-petalled and grow in tight, domed clusters. This plant is similar to Heath Bedstraw but Limestone Bedstraw is more mat-forming with creamier white petals. Fruit: 2-parted nutlet with tiny dome-shaped warts. Leaves: A very low growing flower with unstalked narrow leaves in whorls of 7 to 8. The leaves are more pointed than the similar-looking Heath Bedstraw. The hairs on the leaf margins point backwards with Lime...

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Hedge Bedstraw

Flower: Small clusters of white flowers which are pointed, 2-5mm. 4 stamens. Fruit: Small, wrinked nutlets. No bristles present. Leaves: 6 to 8 stalked leaves in whorls. Elliptical, untoothed and pointed with a small bristles at the tips.

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