Habitat: Grassland

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Showing 1-25 of 252 records

Common Agrimony

Flower: Yellow, spiked, 5 petals. Fruit: Rough, burred fruit with hooks that clings to clothing easily. Leaves: Soft hairs present. Pinnate, in pairs of 3-6 toothed leaflets.

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Barley spp.

Flower: Green spikes with awns of varying lengths depending on the exact species. Fruit: A single-seeded dry fruit, or grain, technically called a caryopsis. Leaves: Barley is a type of grass so it has grass-like leaves. Green, long and linear.

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Red Bartsia

Flower: Pink-purple one-sided flower spike, lower lip of flowers are 3-lobed. Fruit: Hairy capsules. Seeds are ridged and oval. Leaves: Narrow and hairy opposite leaves which are also lanceolate and toothed.

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Heath Bedstraw

Flower: Tiny, white, forming dense clusters, 4 petals. Fruit: Nutlets are brown and ovoid, hairless and with tiny dome-shaped warts. Leaves: Sharply pointed. Edges have minute forward pointing prickles. In whorls of 5-8 along the main stem.

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Lady's Bedstraw

Flower: Tiny, bright golden yellow, forming dense clusters, 4 petals. Our only bedstraw with yellow flowers. Fruit: 2-lobed, round, green capsules which are glossy and hairless. Later turning black and splitting in two, then falling to the ground with the seed remaining inside. Leaves: Very linear and needle-like. Stalkless. Normally in whorls of 8.

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Limestone Bedstraw

Flower: The small flowers of Limestone Bedstraw are 4-petalled and grow in tight, domed clusters. This plant is similar to Heath Bedstraw but Limestone Bedstraw is more mat-forming with creamier white petals. Fruit: 2-parted nutlet with tiny dome-shaped warts. Leaves: A very low growing flower with unstalked narrow leaves in whorls of 7 to 8. The leaves are more pointed than the similar-looking Heath Bedstraw. The hairs on the leaf margins point backwards with Lime...

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Hedge Bedstraw

Flower: Small clusters of white flowers which are pointed, 2-5mm. 4 stamens. Fruit: Small, wrinked nutlets. No bristles present. Leaves: 6 to 8 stalked leaves in whorls. Elliptical, untoothed and pointed with a small bristles at the tips.

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Betony

Flower: Dense pink to purple flower spike. Fruit: After the flowers have died off, each flower leaves behind four 3-sided, smooth, brown nutlets at the bottom of the calyx. Leaves: Bluntly toothed, oval, stalked leaves, mostly in basal rosettes. Some paired leaves along the stem.

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Amphibious Bistort

Flower: Pink compact spike, 5 petals. Fruit: Dark brown to black, round, flattened achene. Leaves: The alternate leaves are short-stalked and with tapered bases. The leaf blades are long, narrow, hairy and sometimes tinged red. The submerged leaves are slightly different; they are hairless, have ro...

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Blanketflower

Flower: Large daisy-like flowers that are usually solitary on the end of a long stalk. 6 to 18 3-lobed petals per flower. The petals are bright red with yellow tips. Flowers have a large dark red, or purple c... Fruit: An single-seeded fruit called an 'achene'. Hairy, in the shape of an inverted pyramid. Leaves: Lanceolate, greyish-green, toothed and slightly hairy.

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Knotroot Bristlegrass

Flower: Compact green spike reaching a maximum of 10cm in length, each spikelet is surrounded by yellowish-purple bristles. Flowers in my opinion look like hairy caterpillars. Fruit: Oval seeds in autumn and early winter. Leaves: The stiff, flat leaf blades are up to 25cm long and no wider than 1cm.

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Common Broom

Flower: Rich yellow, pea-like flowers scattered up the stem, up to 2cm wide and occasionally tinged red. Fruit: Flattened brownish-black pods with hairy edges, up to 4cm long. Leaves: Deciduous. All leaves are minute. The leaves at the bottom of the branches are trefoil and along the stems they are lanceolate.

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Bugle

Flower: Blue leafy spike on vertical stem. Pink and white flowers are rare. Fruit: A four-parted inconspicuous nut called a schizocarp. Leaves: Dark green, glossy, oval leaves, sometimes bronze or light green in colour.

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Greater Burdock

Flower: Egg-shaped spiky flower heads forming flat-topped loose clusters. A notable feature for positively identifying Greater Burdock is its flower stalks which can be anything up to 10cm in length. Lesser B... Fruit: Clusters of round, prickly fruit called 'burs'. The prickles of the burs have small hooks at their ends. The hooks can cause the fruit to stick to clothing and animal fur very easily while brushing pa... Leaves: The alternate leaves are large, broad, triangular with toothed margins. Grey and woolly in appearance on the underside of the leaf surfaces. Another way to distinguish Greater Burdock from Lesser Burd...

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Great Burnet

Flower: Oval burgundy-coloured flower heads on long stalks. Fruit: An achene which is a small one seeded dry nut. Leaves: Alternate, long-stalked, compound leaves with up to 7 pairs of oval, stalked and toothed leaflets.

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Salad Burnet

Flower: Oval burgundy-coloured flower heads on long stalks. Fruit: An achene which is a small one seeded dry, ridged nut. Leaves: Pinnate, having up to 12 pairs of toothed leaflets.

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Butterbur

Flower: Large lilac-pink spikes growing up to 30cm and appearing before the leaves emerge. Fruit: The fruit and seeds (achenes) are white, hairy tufts, each up to 3mm in length. Leaves: Enormous rhubarb-like leaves, up to 1 metre across. The leaves are heart-shaped, toothed and grey beneath.

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Bulbous Buttercup

Flower: 5 glossy yellow petals with sepals bent back against the stalks. Up to 3cm wide. Fruit: A cluster of achenes, no larger than half a centimetre across. Leaves: Long-stalked, 3-lobed and toothed. The central leaflet is long-stalked.

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Creeping Buttercup

Flower: 5 glossy yellow petals on furrowed stalks, up to 3cm wide and with spreading sepals. Fruit: A cluster of achenes, no larger than half a centimetre across. Leaves: Dark green and triangular-shaped with 3 deeply cut lobes, the end lobe being long-stalked.

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Meadow Buttercup

Flower: 5 glossy yellow petals on furrowed stalks, up to 2.5cm wide and with spreading sepals. Fruit: A cluster of achenes, no larger than half a centimetre across. Leaves: The palmate leaves are variable but have 3 to 7 deeply cut lobes. The end lobe is unstalked.

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Bladder Campion

Flower: 5 deeply notched petals, up to 2cm across. Its inflated calyx, which ranges from purple to yellow, gives Bladder Campion its name and makes it easily distinguishable from other flowers of the same gen... Fruit: Dry, round, papery capsules which split open when ripe. The capsules bear many seeds and are reticulated. Leaves: Greyish-green leaves with pointed tips, narrow and oval. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs.

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Wild Carrot

Flower: Our only white umbellifer with forked bracts emerging from beneath the flower. Umbel up to 7cm, folding inwards while in fruit. Often with a red flower in the centre. Fruit: The fruit is a distinctive cup-shaped, hooked and spiny umbel. The fruit can cling to the fur of passing animals and clothing, thus scattering the seeds far and wide to new locations. Leaves: The leaves are feathery; bi-pinnate or tri-pinnate.

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Common Cat's-ear

Flower: Yellow dandelion-like solitary flowers, up to 4cm. Underside has green-greyish florets. Leafless, unbranched flower stalk contains scale-like bracts at the top. Flowers similar-looking to Autum Hawkbi...

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Lesser Celandine

Flower: 7-12 glossy yellow petals up to 3cm wide, sometimes fading to white. Flowers only opening in sunshine.

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Common Centaury

Flower: Dense pink cluster of 5 petalled flowers. Yellow anthers. Fruit: A cylindrical capsule, reaching up to half an inch in length and containing many seeds. Leaves: Leaves are oval, narrow and pointed. They exist opposite one another along their stems. Most of the leaves are often in a basal rosette.

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