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Common Agrimony

Agrimonia eupatoria

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Rosaceae (Rose)
Also in this family:
Acute Leaf-lobed Lady's-mantle, Alpine Cinquefoil, Alpine Lady's-mantle, Ampfield Cotoneaster, Arran Service Tree, Arran Whitebeam, Barren Strawberry, Bastard Agrimony, Bastard Service Tree, Bearberry Cotoneaster, Bird Cherry, Blackthorn, Bloody Whitebeam, Bramble, Bristol Whitebeam, Broad-leaved Whitebeam, Broadtooth Lady's-mantle, Bronze Pirri-pirri-bur, Bullace Plum, Bullate Cotoneaster, Burnet Rose, Catacol Whitebeam, Caucasian Lady's-mantle, Cheddar Whitebeam, Cherry Laurel, Cherry Plum, Chinese Photinia, Cloudberry, Clustered Lady's-mantle, Common Hawthorn, Common Lady's-mantle, Common Medlar, Common Ninebark, Common Whitebeam, Crab Apple, Creeping Chinese Bramble, Creeping Cinquefoil, Crimean Lady's-mantle, Cultivated Apple, Cultivated Pear, Cut-leaved Blackberry, Damson, Devon Whitebeam, Dewberry, Diel's Cotoneaster, Dog Rose, Doward Whitebeam, Dropwort, Elm-leaved Bramble, English Whitebeam, Entire-leaved Cotoneaster, False Salmonberry, Field Rose, Firethorn, Fodder Burnet, Fragrant Agrimony, Franchet's Cotoneaster, Garden Lady's-mantle, Garden Strawberry, Giant Meadowsweet, Glaucous Dog Rose, Goatsbeard Spiraea, Gough's Rock Whitebeam, Great Burnet, Greengage Plum, Grey-leaved Whitebeam, Hairless Lady's-mantle, Hairy Lady's-mantle, Hautbois Strawberry, Himalayan Blackberry, Himalayan Cotoneaster, Himalayan Whitebeam, Hoary Cinquefoil, Hollyberry Cotoneaster, Hupeh Rowan, Hybrid Cinquefoil, Hybrid Geum, Irish Whitebeam, Japanese Cherry, Japanese Quince, Japanese Rose, Jew's Mallow, Juneberry, Lancaster Whitebeam, Late Cotoneaster, Least Lady's-mantle, Least Whitebeam, Leigh Woods Whitebeam, Ley's Whitebeam, Liljefor's Whitebeam, Littleleaf Cotoneaster, Llangollen Whitebeam, Llanthony Whitebeam, Lleyn Cotoneaster, Loganberry, Many-flowered Rose, Margaret's Whitebeam, Marsh Cinquefoil, Meadowsweet, Midland Hawthorn, Mougeot's Whitebeam, Mountain Ash, Mountain Avens, Mountain Sibbaldia, Moupin's Cotoneaster, No Parking Whitebeam, Ocean Spray, Orange Whitebeam, Pale Bridewort, Pale Lady's-mantle, Parsley Piert, Pirri-pirri-bur, Plymouth Pear, Portuguese Laurel, Purple-flowered Raspberry, Quince, Raspberry, Rock Cinquefoil, Rock Lady's-mantle, Rock Whitebeam, Round-leaved Dog Rose, Round-leaved Whitebeam, Rum Cherry, Russian Cinquefoil, Salad Burnet, Sargent's Rowan, Scannell's Whitebeam, Service Tree, Sharp-toothed Whitebeam, Sherard's Downy Rose, Shining Lady's-mantle, Ship Rock Whitebeam, Short-styled Rose, Shrubby Cinquefoil, Silver Lady's-mantle, Silverweed, Slender Parsley Piert, Slender-spined Bramble, Small-flowered Sweetbriar, Small-leaved Sweetbriar, Soft Downy Rose, Somerset Whitebeam, Sorbaria, Sour Cherry, Southern Downy Rose, Southern Lady's-mantle, Spineless Acaena, Spring Cinquefoil, St. Lucie's Cherry, Steeplebush, Stern's Cotoneaster, Stirton's Whitebeam, Stone Bramble, Sulphur Cinquefoil, Swedish Service Tree, Swedish Whitebeam, Sweet Briar, Symond's Yat Whitebeam, Tengyueh Cotoneaster, Thimbleberry, Thin-leaved Whitebeam, Tibetan Cotoneaster, Tormentil, Trailing Tormentil, Tree Cotoneaster, Trefoil Cinquefoil, Twin-cliffs Whitebeam, Two-spined Acaena, Wall Cotoneaster, Water Avens, Waterer's Cotoneaster, Waxy Lady's-mantle, Welsh Cotoneaster, Welsh Whitebeam, White Burnet, White's Whitebeam, White-stemmed Bramble, Wild Cherry, Wild Pear, Wild Plum, Wild Service Tree, Wild Strawberry, Willmott's Whitebeam, Willow-leaved Bridewort, Willow-leaved Cotoneaster, Wineberry, Wood Avens, Wye Whitebeam, Yellow-flowered Strawberry
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
50 centimetres tall
Fields, grassland, hedgerows, meadows, riverbanks, riversides, roadsides, wasteland, waterside, woodland.

Yellow, 5 petals
The flowers of Common Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria) found in the UK are small and yellow, arranged in elongated spikes on slender stems. Each individual flower consists of five petals and has a delicate, cup-shaped appearance. The flowers bloom in clusters and are known for their bright, cheerful yellow color, attracting pollinators like butterflies and bees during the plant's flowering season, typically from June to August.
The fruit of Common Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria) found in the UK is composed of small, burr-like structures containing seeds. These fruits typically develop after the flowering period. They have a rough or prickly exterior, designed with hooks that easily attach to fur or clothing, aiding in the dispersal of seeds. The individual seed-carrying structures are small and often brown in color, contributing to the plant's reproduction and propagation.
The leaves of Common Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria) found in the UK are compound and alternately arranged along the stem. Each leaf is composed of smaller leaflets arranged in a feather-like or pinnate pattern. The leaflets are serrated along the edges, providing a distinctive appearance. The surface of the leaves is usually green and can vary in size, with a lanceolate or ovate shape, contributing to the plant's overall lush appearance.
Common Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria) found in the UK emits a mild and pleasant fragrance. The flowers of this plant produce a subtle, sweet scent that is often described as delicate and mildly aromatic. This fragrance is attractive to pollinators such as bees and butterflies, aiding in the pollination process during the flowering season from June to August.
Other Names:
Church Steeples, Cockleburr, Sticklewort, Stickwort.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Agrimonia eupatoria, also known as common agrimony or church steeples, is a perennial plant that is native to Europe and Asia. It belongs to the rose family and is known for its small, yellow flowers and distinctive, serrated leaves. Agrimonia eupatoria is a tall plant that can reach heights of up to 6 feet (2 meters) and is often used as a border plant or in naturalized areas. It is easy to grow and is tolerant of a wide range of soil types and climates. Agrimonia eupatoria prefers partial shade to full sun and is drought-tolerant once established. The plant is generally hardy and low maintenance, but it can be prone to pests such as slugs and snails. Agrimonia eupatoria is also known for its medicinal properties and has been used traditionally to treat a variety of ailments. However, more research is needed to fully understand its effects and to determine the safety and effectiveness of using it medicinally.


Common Agrimony, also known as Agrimonia eupatoria, is a perennial herb that is native to Europe and Asia. It is commonly found in woodlands, hedgerows, and along roadsides, and is often considered a weed.

The plant grows to a height of 2-3 feet and has pinnate leaves with small, yellow flowers that bloom in the summer. The flowers are followed by small, burr-like seed pods. The plant has a long history of use in traditional medicine, and is still used today for a variety of ailments.

One of the most well-known uses of Common Agrimony is for digestive issues. The plant is believed to have astringent properties that can help to soothe and heal the gut, making it useful for treating diarrhea, stomach cramps, and other digestive complaints. It is also used as a mild laxative, which can help to relieve constipation.

Common Agrimony is also believed to have anti-inflammatory properties and is used to treat a variety of skin conditions, including eczema, psoriasis, and acne. The plant is also used as a treatment for wounds and burns, as it is thought to help speed up the healing process and reduce inflammation.

Another traditional use of Common Agrimony is as a mild sedative and sleep aid. The plant is believed to have a calming effect on the nervous system, which can help to reduce anxiety and promote a sense of relaxation. It is also used to treat insomnia, as it can help to promote a peaceful, restful sleep.

Overall, Common Agrimony is a versatile plant that has a long history of use in traditional medicine. It can be used to treat a variety of ailments, including digestive issues, skin conditions, and insomnia. While more research is needed to fully understand the medicinal properties of the plant, it is generally considered safe when used as directed.

It is also important to note that Common Agrimony should not be used during pregnancy, as it may stimulate the uterus and cause miscarriage. It is also not recommended for individuals with bleeding disorders, as it may increase the risk of bleeding. It is always best to consult with a healthcare professional before using any herbal supplements, including Common Agrimony.

In addition to its medicinal uses, Common Agrimony is also used as a food source in some cultures. The young leaves and shoots of the plant can be consumed raw or cooked, and have a mild, slightly bitter flavor. The plant's seeds can also be used to make a tea that has a slightly bitter taste, but is said to be refreshing.

The plant is also used in some traditional magical and spiritual practices. In medieval times, it was believed to have protective properties and was used to ward off evil spirits. It was also used in love spells and was believed to bring about good luck in relationships. In the present day, some practitioners of traditional witchcraft and paganism still use Common Agrimony in rituals and spells related to protection and love.

Common Agrimony is also a popular ornamental plant. Its yellow flowers and lush green foliage make it an attractive addition to gardens and it is often used as a border plant. It's also a great plant for pollinators, like bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects.

It's worth mentioning that, like most medicinal herbs, Common Agrimony should be used with caution and under the guidance of a healthcare professional. It's always best to start with a low dosage and gradually increase it as needed, and to avoid using it for prolonged periods of time. Common Agrimony can interact with certain medications, particularly blood thinning medications, so it's important to talk to your doctor before using it if you're on any kind of prescription medication.

When using Common Agrimony as a supplement, it's important to ensure that you're getting a high-quality product from a reputable source. Some supplements may contain fillers or contaminants that can be harmful, so it's important to read the label carefully and choose a product that is standardized to contain a specific amount of the active compounds.

It's also worth noting that Common Agrimony can cause an allergic reaction in some people, particularly those with sensitive skin. If you experience any itching, redness, or swelling after using the herb, discontinue use and seek medical attention if necessary.

In conclusion, Common Agrimony is a valuable medicinal herb that has a long history of use in traditional medicine. It is used to treat a variety of ailments, including digestive issues, skin conditions, and insomnia. It is also used as a food source and in traditional spiritual practices. It is an attractive ornamental plant that can be grown in gardens and is beneficial for pollinators. However, as with any herbal supplement, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before use, to be aware of potential risks and contraindications, and to ensure you are using a high-quality product from a reputable source.

Facts About Common Agrimony

Here are 39 facts about Common Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria):

  1. Botanical Name: Common Agrimony is scientifically known as Agrimonia eupatoria.
  2. Belongs to the Rose Family: It is a member of the Rosaceae family.
  3. Habitat: This plant is native to Europe, Asia, and parts of North America.
  4. Appearance: Common Agrimony is a perennial herb that can grow up to 3 feet in height.
  5. Leaves: It has pinnate leaves with serrated edges, consisting of smaller leaflets.
  6. Flowers: The plant produces small, yellow flowers arranged in elongated spikes.
  7. Blooms: The flowering period is usually in summer, from June to August.
  8. Fruit: After flowering, it bears fruits that are small, burr-like structures containing seeds.
  9. Medicinal Uses: Common Agrimony has been used in traditional medicine for various purposes.
  10. Herbal Remedies: Historically, it's been used for wound healing, digestive issues, and as an astringent.
  11. Astringent Properties: Its astringent nature makes it suitable for treating diarrhea and other gastrointestinal problems.
  12. Soothing Qualities: It's used as a natural remedy for sore throats and mild respiratory ailments.
  13. Anti-Inflammatory: Common Agrimony has anti-inflammatory properties and has been used to reduce swelling.
  14. Traditional Tonic: It was traditionally used as a general tonic for overall health and well-being.
  15. Flavoring Agent: The leaves and flowers have been used to add flavor to certain teas and beverages.
  16. Symbolism: In folklore, agrimony is associated with healing and protection.
  17. Wildlife: The plant attracts butterflies and other pollinators.
  18. Culinary Uses: In some regions, the leaves have been used as a bitter herb in salads or cooked as greens.
  19. Edible Roots: The root of some agrimony species can be consumed as a vegetable or used in herbal remedies.
  20. Seed Dispersal: The seeds have hooks that easily attach to fur or clothing, aiding in seed dispersal.
  21. Ecological Importance: Agrimony plants provide shelter for small animals and insects.
  22. Gardening: Some cultivars of agrimony are grown in gardens for their ornamental value.
  23. Historical Significance: It has been used in ancient times by various cultures for its medicinal properties.
  24. Perennial Growth: It returns each year, making it a sustainable and consistent resource in herbal medicine.
  25. Folk Medicine: Traditional healers have used agrimony to address skin conditions and as a tonic for the liver.
  26. Chemical Composition: The plant contains tannins, flavonoids, and phenolic compounds.
  27. Herbal Teas: Dried leaves and flowers can be used to brew herbal teas with potential health benefits.
  28. Liver Health: Some herbalists consider it beneficial for liver support and detoxification.
  29. Cultural Significance: It appears in some literature and mythology as a symbol of gratitude and appreciation.
  30. Botanical Varieties: Different species of agrimony exist, each with its unique characteristics.
  31. Growth Conditions: Agrimony prefers well-drained soil and sunlight.
  32. Traditional Healing Practices: Infusions, poultices, and tinctures have been made from agrimony for various ailments.
  33. Folklore: Agrimony was believed to have protective qualities against negative energies in some cultures.
  34. Aromatic Properties: Its flowers emit a mild, pleasant fragrance.
  35. Potential Health Benefits: Some studies suggest agrimony may have antioxidant and antimicrobial properties.
  36. Harvesting: The leaves and flowers are typically collected during the flowering season for medicinal use.
  37. Cultural Heritage: It holds significance in traditional European and Native American herbalism.
  38. Modern Research: Ongoing studies explore potential new medicinal uses and properties of agrimony.
  39. Caution: As with any herbal remedy, it's essential to seek professional advice before using agrimony for medicinal purposes, especially in cases of allergies or existing medical conditions.


Common Agrimony filmed at the following locations:
  • Gait Barrows National Nature Reserve, Lancashire: 18th June 2023
  • Crickley Hill, Gloucestershire: 25th June 2023
  • Daneway Banks, Gloucestershire: 27th June 2023

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Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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