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Asplenium ruta-muraria

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Plant Profile

Aspleniaceae (Spleenwort)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
20 centimetres tall
Cliffs, gardens, grassland, rocky places, walls, woodland.
This plant is a fern and ferns do not have flowers. Ferns reproduce using spores instead.
Wall-rue derives its name from the shape of its leaves (or fronds) as they look like those of a herb called Rue. They are pinnately divided into pairs of 2 to 4 leaflets. Their edges are raggedy.
Other Names:
Wall Rue Spleenwort.
Frequency (UK):

Other Information


Asplenium ruta-muraria, also known as the Wall Rue, is a species of flowering plant in the Aspleniaceae family. It is a perennial herbaceous plant with bright green fronds and is native to Europe and North Africa. It prefers lime-rich soils and is often found growing in rocky areas, walls and cliffs, as well as woodlands and grasslands. The plant has been used in traditional medicine for treating a variety of ailments and is also grown as an ornamental plant.


Wall-rue (Asplenium ruta-muraria) is a fern species that is commonly found growing on walls, rocks, and cliffs. It is a hardy plant that is able to tolerate dry and inhospitable conditions, making it an ideal choice for gardeners who want to create a low-maintenance, green oasis.

The plant is native to Europe, Asia, and Africa, but it can be found in many other parts of the world due to its ability to grow in a variety of environments. Wall-rue is a small plant, with fronds that typically grow to be between 20 and 30 cm in length. The fronds are glossy and bright green, making them an attractive addition to any garden.

Wall-rue is also an important plant for wildlife, as it provides shelter and habitat for a variety of insects and other small creatures. Additionally, the plant is also a food source for some species of birds and mammals, making it a valuable component of any ecosystem.

In terms of care, Wall-rue is a low-maintenance plant that does not require much attention. It can be grown in a variety of soils, but it prefers well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. The plant should be watered regularly, but it should not be allowed to sit in standing water, as this can lead to root rot.

In terms of pests and diseases, Wall-rue is relatively resistant to most problems. However, it can be susceptible to scale insects, spider mites, and fungal diseases, so it is important to keep an eye out for any signs of trouble.

Overall, Wall-rue is a versatile and hardy plant that is well-suited to a wide variety of environments. Whether you are looking to create a low-maintenance garden or simply want to add some green to your walls and rocks, Wall-rue is a great choice. With its attractive fronds and its ability to provide habitat for wildlife, this plant is sure to be a welcome addition to any garden or outdoor space.

Wall-rue can also be propagated by division or spores, making it easy to spread throughout your garden. Simply remove a portion of the plant and replant it in a new location, ensuring that it has access to adequate sunlight and water. With proper care, Wall-rue can last for many years and will provide your garden with a constant source of greenery.

Another advantage of Wall-rue is its ability to purify the air. Like many other plants, Wall-rue is able to absorb harmful pollutants and chemicals from the air, making it a great choice for indoor gardens or for those looking to improve the air quality in their home or office.

Finally, Wall-rue is also a popular choice for those looking to create a Mediterranean-style garden. Its glossy fronds and rugged appearance make it a perfect addition to gardens that feature stone walls, gravel paths, and other rustic elements. Whether you are a seasoned gardener or just starting out, Wall-rue is a plant that is sure to bring beauty and life to your outdoor space.

It's also worth mentioning that Wall-rue has a rich history and cultural significance. In ancient times, the plant was used for medicinal purposes, with its fronds being used to treat a variety of ailments including respiratory problems and digestive issues.

In folklore, Wall-rue was believed to have magical properties and was often used in spells and charms. It was also believed to offer protection from evil spirits, and was commonly placed near doorways and windows to keep negative energy at bay.

In addition to its practical and cultural uses, Wall-rue is also a popular choice for collectors of ferns and other unusual plants. With its unique appearance and ability to grow in inhospitable environments, Wall-rue is a plant that is sure to catch the eye of any collector.

In recent years, there has been a growing trend towards using green spaces to promote physical and mental health and wellbeing. Wall-rue is an excellent choice for those looking to create a relaxing and rejuvenating outdoor environment, as its lush fronds and calming green color can help to reduce stress and promote a sense of peace and tranquility.

So whether you are looking to create a low-maintenance garden, purify the air in your home, or simply enjoy the beauty of nature, Wall-rue is a plant that is sure to meet all of your needs.


Wall-rue filmed in various locations around the Chorley and Wigan areas of Lancashire in mid-March 2023.


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