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Crimean Lime

Tilia x euchlora

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Malvaceae (Mallow)
Deciduous tree
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
25 metres tall
Gardens, parks, woodland.

Green, 5 petals
Clusters of hanging pale yellow flowers.
Ovoid nutlets which are attached to winged, papery bracts.
A deciduous tree with very large, dark green, heart-shaped leaves. In fact 'euchlora' (latin name) means dark green. The edges of the leaves are finely toothed. The undersides of the leaves are pale green. The vein axils on the undersides have tufts of brown hair present. The leaves turn yellow in autumn before the fall off the tree for winter.
Flowers are fragrant.
Other Names:
Caucasian Lime, Caucasian Linden, Crimean Linden.
Frequency (UK):

Other Information


Tilia x euchlora, also known as the "Crimean lime" is a hybrid species of deciduous tree that is a cross between Tilia cordata and Tilia dasystyla, both native to Europe and western Asia. It is known for its large, heart-shaped leaves that are glossy green and have a toothed margin. The tree can grow up to 50-80 feet tall and has a broad, spreading crown. In summer, it produces drooping clusters of yellowish-green flowers that are very fragrant, followed by small nut-like fruits (drupe) that hang on the tree during winter. Tilia x euchlora prefers moist, well-drained soils and full sun. It is often grown as an ornamental tree in gardens and parks and also used in ornamental horticulture, as well as for honey production.


The Crimean Lime, Tilia x euchlora, is a hybrid tree species that is believed to have originated from a cross between the Large-leaved Linden (Tilia platyphyllos) and the Small-leaved Linden (Tilia cordata). It is a deciduous tree that is native to the Crimean Peninsula, located in the Black Sea region of Eastern Europe.

The Crimean Lime tree is known for its attractive appearance and beautiful fragrance. Its leaves are dark green on top and lighter on the bottom, with a heart-shaped base and pointed tips. The flowers of the Crimean Lime are yellowish-white, and they grow in clusters of five to seven blooms. The flowers are very fragrant and have a sweet, honey-like aroma that is popular with bees and other pollinators.

One of the unique features of the Crimean Lime tree is its ability to grow in a variety of soil types, including sandy, loamy, and clay soils. It is also tolerant of drought and pollution, making it a popular choice for urban landscapes.

In addition to its aesthetic value, the Crimean Lime tree has a long history of medicinal use. Its flowers and leaves have been used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including colds, headaches, and digestive issues. The tree's bark has also been used as a natural remedy for coughs and respiratory infections.

Unfortunately, the Crimean Lime tree is currently facing a number of threats. Its natural habitat has been disrupted by urbanization and agricultural development, and the tree is also susceptible to a number of pests and diseases. Conservation efforts are underway to protect the species and ensure its survival for future generations.

The Crimean Lime tree is also popular for its use in landscaping and urban forestry. Its attractive appearance, tolerance to pollution and drought, and ability to grow in a variety of soil types make it a popular choice for street plantings and public parks. Its canopy provides shade and helps to reduce urban heat island effects, making it a valuable addition to any urban landscape.

In addition to its environmental benefits, the Crimean Lime tree also has cultural and historical significance. It is believed to have been cultivated in the Crimean Peninsula since ancient times and was highly regarded by the Greeks and Romans. The tree's fragrant flowers and leaves have been used in perfumes and cosmetics for centuries, and it has also been used in traditional crafts such as basket weaving and wood carving.

Despite its many benefits and cultural significance, the Crimean Lime tree is currently listed as a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Habitat loss, urbanization, and climate change are all contributing to its decline, and conservation efforts are needed to ensure its survival.

Efforts to conserve the Crimean Lime tree include the establishment of protected areas and the implementation of sustainable forestry practices. Propagation and reforestation programs are also underway to increase the number of trees and restore degraded habitats. These efforts not only benefit the Crimean Lime tree but also support the broader goals of biodiversity conservation and sustainable development.

The Crimean Lime tree is not only valuable for its aesthetic, environmental, cultural, and medicinal benefits but also for its economic benefits. Its wood is used for a variety of purposes, including furniture, paneling, and musical instruments. The wood is also prized for its excellent carving properties and is often used in woodcarvings and decorative woodwork.

The tree's flowers are also used in the production of honey, which is highly sought after for its unique flavor and aroma. Beekeepers often place hives near Crimean Lime trees during the flowering season to take advantage of the nectar flow and produce high-quality honey.

The Crimean Lime tree is also important for its role in supporting biodiversity. The tree's flowers attract a wide variety of pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Its leaves provide food for numerous species of caterpillars, which in turn, are food for birds and other animals. The tree's canopy provides habitat for birds and other animals, and its roots help to stabilize soil and prevent erosion.

In addition to its economic, cultural, and ecological value, the Crimean Lime tree also has important symbolic and spiritual significance. In many cultures, the tree is associated with love, loyalty, and peace. In some traditions, the tree is believed to have magical properties and is used in rituals and ceremonies.

In conclusion, the Crimean Lime, Tilia x euchlora, is a valuable tree species that provides numerous benefits to humans, wildlife, and the environment. Its conservation and sustainable management are essential to ensure its continued presence and the many benefits it provides.