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Evergreen Oak

Quercus ilex

Plant Data

Order:
Fagales
Family:
Fagaceae (Beech)
Type:
Evergreen tree
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC

Flower:
֍
Green, no petals
 
Flowers have narrow, pointed perianth lobes. Wind pollinated.
Fruit:
The female flowers develop into acorns. The tip of the acorns are more pointed and smaller than those of the English and Sessile Oaks. The acorns become brown later in the year.
Leaves:
The only British evergreen oak tree. Dark green, leathery leaves with their edges concaved inwards. The young leaves have spiny edges, just like Holly leaves. As the leaves mature, their edges become straight. The underneath surface of the leaves are covered in pale downy hairs.
Maximum Size:
28 metres tall
Foraging Notes:
The acorns can be eaten, raw or cooked, however, they should be treated first to remove the tannin's.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Other Names:
Holly Oak, Holly-leaved Oak, Holm Oak, Mediterranean Oak.
Frequency (UK):
Occasionally seen
Habitats:
Grassland, heathland, parkland, seaside, towns, woodland.