Search

[?]

Sweet Chestnut

Castanea sativa

Plant Data

Order:
Fagales
Family:
Fagaceae (Beech)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
Pale yellow catkins, up to 30cm long. Trees with all males catkins, or males with females at the base.
Fruit:
A shiny brown nut encased inside a green, prickly shell. The fruits are called 'Sweet Chestnuts'.
Leaves:
Deciduous tree. Alternate leaves which are long, lanceolate and pointed with saw-like teeth. Leaf veins are prominent. The leaves are up to 25cm long which is probably the largest leaf of any wild tree in the UK.
Maximum Size:
35 meters tall.
Foraging Notes:
The chestnuts can be eaten when boiled or steamed and are a popular food at Christmas time.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Aroma:
Flowers smell slightly unpleasant.
Other Names:
European Chestnut, Marron, Portuguese Chestnut, Spanish Chestnut.
Habitats:
Gardens, parkland, towns, woodland.