Habitat: Bogs

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Showing 1-25 of 42 records

Grey Alder

Flower: Pendulous, red-brown and becoming yellow later (male catkins). Red, erect and cylindrical (female catkins). Male and female catkins present on same tree. Fruit: Wooded cones which persist on the tree throughout winter months. Leaves: Deciduous. Hairy, ovate and pointed, glossy, grey beneath.

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European Bog Asphodel

Flower: Deep yellow spike of flowers, often tinged orange. Flowers are star-like with 6 petals and orange anthers. Fruit: Egg-shaped and bright orange. Leaves: Long and slender, grass-like.

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Downy Birch

Flower: Male and female catkins appear on the same tree. Erect female catkins are shorter and green. Male catkins hang loosely in groups of 2-4. Often hybridizes with Silver Birch making identification tricky. Fruit: Small dry one-sided winged fruits, called 'achenes'. Leaves: Deciduous. Ovate, pointed and with serrated margins. Light green in spring, darkening and then turning yellow or orange in autumn. Leaves are often hairy underneath.

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Common Butterwort

Flower: Violet, on long stalks and up to 2cm. Diverging lower lip and a pointed spur. Fruit: Brownish-yellow capsule, ovate, with numerous small brown seeds. Leaves: Yellow-green star-shaped basal rosette with margins curled upwards. 3 to 6 succulent leaves, each up to 8cm long. Butterwort is an insectivorous plant. The leaves feel sticky to touch because the leaf...

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Marsh Cinquefoil

Flower: Maroon, star-shaped, 5 pointed petals, up to 3cm. Fruit: A small dry nutlet. Leaves: Greyish-green leaves, pinnate with 3 to 7 coarsely toothed leaflets. The undersides have a bluish hue and the upper sides are sometimes tinged red. The lower leaves are long-stalked.

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Common Cotton-grass

Flower: Fluffy white flowers resembling balls of cotton wool which give the plant its name. Multiple flowers emanating from the sides of the stem, unlike the Hare's-tail Cotton-grass which has a single flower... Fruit: Brown seeds, or 'achenes', up to 3mm long. They are flat, 3-sided, elliptical and widest above the middle. Leaves: Dark green, linear leaves.

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Hare's-tail Cotton-grass

Flower: Fluffy white flowers resembling balls of cotton wool which give the plant its name. Each plant bears a single flower emanating from the top of the stem, unlike Common Cotton-grass which has a multiple... Fruit: A brown seed called an achene, up to 3mm long. Leaves: Thin and spiky dark green grass-like leaves, growing up from around the base of the plant.

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Deergrass

Flower: Egg-shaped spikelets which grow solitary at the top of the stem. Fruit: 3 sided nuts. Leaves: Tussock-forming, dense, erect, stiff leaves with unbranched stems. Basal leaves only.

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Common Duckweed

Flower: Petalless and minute, rarely appearing. Fruit: Small and insignificant. Slightly winged and bladder-like in shape. Leaves: Pale, flat and oval leaves which float on the surface of still water. Each plant has 2 leaves and a single root. The leaves are called 'fronds'. Spreads very quickly, covering the whole surface of the...

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Sensitive Fern

Flower: Flowers are absent on ferns. Instead, they reproduce using spores via a process called 'sporification'. Fruit: Spores exist on the erect, fertile stalks and are enclosed inside bead-like coverings. Leaves: A deciduous fern. Large, deeply pinnate. Each leaflet of the frond is untoothed and lanceolate to oblong. The fronds are sometimes called 'fiddleheads'.

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Water Forget-me-not

Flower: Clustered, pink flower buds, later becoming sky blue. 5 petals with yellow and white centres. Fruit: Small, 4-parted, egg-shaped, shiny black nutlets. Up to 2mm long. Leaves: Alternate, toothless leaves with pointed tips. The lowest leaves are the broadest and the upper leaves are more linear. The leaves are covered in short appressed hairs.

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Fox and Cubs

Flower: One of very few orange flowers in our countryside. Flowers are borne in clusters, paler in their centres. Attracts many insects, such as hoverflies. Fruit: An achene, 3mm long and 1mm wide. Leaves: Bluish-green lanceolate basal leaves. Just a few leaves exist along the stems. The leaves are covered in short, dark, bristly hairs. In fact the entire plant is covered in these hairs.

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Reed Canary Grass

Flower: 2-3 flowered spikelets, variable in colour from white to pale yellow or purple. Fruit: A one-seeded fruit (caryopsis). Leaves: Broad, flat, linear and alternate leaves, up to 2.5cm wide.

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Cross-leaved Heath

Flower: Light pink bell-shaped flowers clustering at the end of the stems. Fruit: A hairy capsule. Leaves: Needle-like leaves appearing in whorls of 4 up the stems. These whorls of 4 are cross-shaped and give the plant its name. The leaves are stalkless, toothless, greyish-green and parallel to the stems.

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Common Heather

Flower: The pale purple flowers are short-stalked and have 4 petals, 8 stamens. Flowers are formed in spikes. Fruit: A capsule. Leaves: Tiny evergreen leaves, growing in opposite pairs. Leaves are opposite, stalkless, scale-like and with curly edges.

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Hemp Agrimony

Flower: Dense trusses of pale pink florets with long white styles and long purple-tipped bracts. Fruit: A 5-edged achene with a white pappus, 3mm long. Leaves: Palmate, opposite leaves, up to 10cm long, on reddish stems. 3 to 5 lanceolate leaflets. The leaves have toothed margins.

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Marsh Horsetail

Flower: Flowerless. Horsetails reproduce by spores. Fruit: A blunt-tipped cone sits on top of the main stem. The cone matures in July and August. Leaves: The green furrowed stems have 8 to 10 ridges. Whorls of leaf-like branches appear along the erect single main stem. The branches are grow either outward or nearly erect from below the stems sheathed n...

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Bearded Iris

Flower: Violet blue with 3 spreading outer petals and 3 inner petals twisting inwards. The yellow centres of the flowers are known as 'beards' which give the flower its name. Up to 15cm. Fruit: A capsule which opens in 3 parts to reveal many tightly packed seeds. Leaves: Green, narrow, linear, sword-like leaves, up to 2 inches wide. All leaves emerge from the ground. The shorter leaves are the outermost.

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Common Juniper

Flower: Small male and female yellow flowers which appear on separate shrubs. Fruit: The fruit is a berry, although not a true berry. Strictly speaking, the dark bluish-purple berries are actually cones. The fruit take up to 2 years to ripen and grow up to 8mm in diameter. Leaves: An evergreen shrub. Its stiff, tightly packed needles grow up to 1cm in length. Each needle has a broad silver line running along the inside.

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Dotted Loosestrife

Flower: Yellow cup-shaped flowers with 5 hairy petals. Sepals green and narrow. Fruit: A long spherical capsule. Leaves: In whorls of 3 or 4 along the erect stems. The leaves of Dotted Loosestrife are oval and have round pointed tips. Leaf edges are untoothed. Darkly spotted with fine downy hairs on the undersides.

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Purple Loosestrife

Flower: Bright purple flower spikes in whorls up the stem, 6 petals. Fruit: The fruit capsules are enclosed within the sepals and consist of many reddish tiny seeds. Leaves: The leaves can be either opposite or in whorls of 3, and are sometimes slightly hairy. They are stalkless, long and slender, and are either heart-shaped or rounded at the base of their leaves.

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Marsh Lousewort

Flower: Deep pink-purple flower with 2 lower lips and upper lip 5-toothed. Fruit: Brown elliptical capsule which splits open only on one side. Leaves: Alternate, feathery leaves. Basal leaves are long-stalked.

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Marsh Marigold

Flower: 5-8 large glossy yellow sepals, up to 5cm wide. No petals. Fruit: A curved capsule. Leaves: Dark green, rounded, heart-shaped, glossy, waxy leaves. Long-stalked. Often mottled with pale green markings on the upper surfaces of the leaves.

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Water Mint

Flower: Lilac with hairy sepals and stalks. Flowers in a round head at the top of the stem, often with extra flowers in whorls at the bases of the upper leaves. Fruit: A 4-parted, yellowish-brown seed (schizocarp). Leaves: The stalked leaves are in opposite pairs. The leaf veins are prominent and the margins are toothed. This plant is said to repel flies.

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Sphagnum Moss

Flower: Flowerless. Mosses reproduces using spores or asexually. Fruit: A globular spore capsule. The spores are black. Leaves: There are several species of Sphagnum Moss. They all are similar in appearance but they can range in colour from red, pink, green and orange. From above, the leaves are star-shaped. The leaves absorb ...

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