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Common Dog Violet

Viola riviniana

Plant Data

Order:
Malpighiales
Family:
Violaceae (Violet)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
Violet, 5 overlapping petals. Its pointed sepals distinguish this flower from Sweet Violet and Hairy Violet. Its spur is curved, pale and notched at the end.
Fruit:
A smooth seed capsule with 3 valves.
Leaves:
Bright green, heart-shaped and long-stalked leaves. The leaves are alternate and stipules are present. The margins of the leaves are round-toothed (crenate).
Maximum Size:
12cm tall.
Foraging Notes:
The young leaves and flower buds can both be eaten, either raw or cooked. A tea can be made from the leaves.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Aroma:
Scentless, unlike most Violets. As opposed to Sweet Violet, the name Dog supposedly means that it lacks fragrance, meaning it is only suitable for dogs.
Other Names:
Blue Mice, Blunt-spurred Violet, Common Violet, Cuckoo's Shoe, Shoes and Stockings, Wood Violet.
Habitats:
Cliffs, gardens, grassland, heathland, hedgerows, meadows, moorland, mountains, roadsides, rocks, seaside, woodland.