Habitat: Meadows

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Showing 1-25 of 183 records

Grey Alder

Flower: Pendulous, red-brown and becoming yellow later (male catkins). Red, erect and cylindrical (female catkins). Male and female catkins present on same tree. Fruit: Wooded cones which persist on the tree throughout winter months. Leaves: Deciduous. Hairy, ovate and pointed, glossy, grey beneath.

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Common Bistort

Flower: Pink compact spike, 5 petals. Fruit: A black shiny nut. Leaves: Slender triangular-shaped leaves on long winged stalks. The leaves on the stem are arrow-shaped.

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Blanketflower

Flower: Large daisy-like flowers that are usually solitary on the end of a long stalk. 6 to 18 3-lobed petals per flower. The petals are bright red with yellow tips. Flowers have a large dark red, or purple c... Fruit: An single-seeded fruit called an 'achene'. Hairy, in the shape of an inverted pyramid. Leaves: Lanceolate, greyish-green, toothed and slightly hairy.

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English Bluebell

Flower: Azure blue and bell-shaped, forming one-sided spikes that droop at the tip. Each flower consists of 6 down-turned lobes. Sometimes the flowers are white. Fruit: Round seed pods develop after the flowers, eventually drying out and becoming brown. Inside the seed pods are many tiny black seeds. Leaves: Long, narrow leaves, no more than half an inch wide. The Spanish Bluebell (Hyacinthoides hispanica) has broader leaves than the English Bluebell.

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Brooklime

Flower: Small deep blue flowers emerging in pairs from leaf axils, 4 petals. Fruit: A nearly spherical brown capsule, splitting open when mature. Up to 4mm in diameter. Leaves: Shiny and leathery, succulent leaves that are round to oval and have bluntly toothed margins. Their stems are often tinted reddish-brown.

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Viper's Bugloss

Flower: Pink buds which turn into a dense spike of funnel-shaped blue flowers. Downy sepals and 4-5 pink stamens. Fruit: Wrinkled nutlets, mossy in appearance. Leaves: The simple, rough, hairy, entire leaves are long and narrow with a prominent midrib. 1 alternate leaf per node.

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Great Burnet

Flower: Oval burgundy-coloured flower heads on long stalks. Fruit: An achene which is a small one seeded dry nut. Leaves: Alternate, long-stalked, compound leaves with up to 7 pairs of oval, stalked and toothed leaflets.

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Salad Burnet

Flower: Oval burgundy-coloured flower heads on long stalks. Fruit: An achene which is a small one seeded dry, ridged nut. Leaves: Pinnate, having up to 12 pairs of toothed leaflets.

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Bulbous Buttercup

Flower: 5 glossy yellow petals with sepals bent back against the stalks. Up to 3cm wide. Fruit: A cluster of achenes, no larger than half a centimetre across. Leaves: Long-stalked, 3-lobed and toothed. The central leaflet is long-stalked.

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Meadow Buttercup

Flower: 5 glossy yellow petals on furrowed stalks, up to 2.5cm wide and with spreading sepals. Fruit: A cluster of achenes, no larger than half a centimetre across. Leaves: The palmate leaves are variable but have 3 to 7 deeply cut lobes. The end lobe is unstalked.

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Wild Carrot

Flower: Our only white umbellifer with forked bracts emerging from beneath the flower. Umbel up to 7cm, folding inwards while in fruit. Often with a red flower in the centre. Fruit: The fruit is a distinctive cup-shaped, hooked and spiny umbel. The fruit can cling to the fur of passing animals and clothing, thus scattering the seeds far and wide to new locations. Leaves: The leaves are feathery; bi-pinnate or tri-pinnate.

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Common Centaury

Flower: Dense pink cluster of 5 petalled flowers. Yellow anthers. Fruit: A cylindrical capsule, reaching up to half an inch in length and containing many seeds. Leaves: Leaves are oval, narrow and pointed. They exist opposite one another along their stems. Most of the leaves are often in a basal rosette.

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Creeping Cinquefoil

Flower: Yellow, 5 petals, buttercup-like with a notch at the end of each petal. Fruit: A head of dry greyish-brown tiny nutlets, or achenes. Leaves: Long-stalked, alternate, compound leaves, with stipules. 3 to 5 toothed leaflets. The leaves look very similar in appearance to those of Strawberry and Creeping Cinquefoil is often misidentified as St...

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Red Clover

Flower: Pink to purple, egg-shaped, very short stalk or unstalked, up to 3cm wide. Fruit: Egg-shaped pod, not hairy. Leaves: Each leaf has 3 finely toothed leaflets, the lower ones being stalked and upper unstalked. Leaflets often have a white crescent in their centres. Leaflets are variable in shape from round to linear an...

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White Clover

Flower: Dull white becoming brown with age, egg-shaped, up to 2cm wide. Fruit: A linear pea-like pod which contains 3 or 4 heart-shaped yellow-brown seeds. Leaves: The leaves are trifoliate which means that they are divided into 3. The leaves are long-stalked and individual leaflets are circular with fine teeth along the margins. The leaves often have pale green...

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Cocksfoot

Flower: Distinctive and easy to identify with its oval purplish flowerheads. Stalks long and round. Fruit: Narrow, pointed, oval, reddish-purple seeds. 1-sided, feather-like and up to 8mm long. The genus part of the Botanical name for this plant, Dactylis, is derived from the Greek word for 'finger' and it... Leaves: The foliage is coarse and grows in compact tufts. It's dark blue-green linear leaf blades can reach a maximum of 1.5cm wide and can reach a length of up to 50cm.

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Columbine

Flower: Easily recognizable with its blue flowers, having 5 tubular petals with hooked spurs. The name Columbine is derived from the Latin name for dove 'columba' because from below, the petals are said to lo... Fruit: A dry pod which splits open upon ripening. Leaves: Green compound leaves with a bluish tinge, fan-like in appearance. The leaflets are round and notched.

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Common Comfrey

Flower: Clusters of pink-purple or yellowish cream flowers, up to 2cm wide. Flowers can also be magenta, red or white. Fruit: A cluster of 4 shiny nutlets, later turning a dark brown or black. Leaves: Similar-looking to Foxglove leaves. Large, slender, undivided leaves with a rough texture.

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Cornflower

Flower: Deep blue with large ray-like outer florets extending to 2cm long. Fruit: Dark yellow-brown, elliptical achene, tipped with short orange to brown bristles. Approximately reaching 4mm in length and 2mm wide. Leaves: Alternate and pinnately lobed. Greyish-green, mostly entire. Upper leaves are long and linear. Lower leaves are slightly toothed margins. The undersides are white and woolly.

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Common Cotton-grass

Flower: Fluffy white flowers resembling balls of cotton wool which give the plant its name. Multiple flowers emanating from the sides of the stem, unlike the Hare's-tail Cotton-grass which has a single flower... Fruit: Brown seeds, or 'achenes', up to 3mm long. They are flat, 3-sided, elliptical and widest above the middle. Leaves: Dark green, linear leaves.

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Cow Parsley

Flower: White umbels without lower bracts, up to 6cm. Fruit: Hairless, elliptical, smooth and shiny, dark brown but turning black with maturity. Leaves: Divided leaves and feathery, fern-like.

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Cowslip

Flower: Deep yellow bell-shaped drooping flower, hanging to one side of the stem. Orange at the base, up to 1.5cm. Fruit: A capsule which contains a warty seed. Leaves: The leaves are all undivided and appear from the base of the plant. They are similar to Primrose leaves but smaller and with a narrowed base. The leaves are oval and wrinkly with toothed margins.

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Japanese Cowslip

Flower: Whorls of flowers at the top the upright main stem. The ostentatious flowers can be of various colours, most often pink, red, purple and white. Fruit: Dry, splitting open when ripe, up to 8mm long. Leaves: Lettuce-like. Basal leaves only, simple and toothed, up to 10 inches long. Light green and wrinkly.

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Common Cow-wheat

Flower: Annual. Flowers in pairs with leaf-like bracts at the bottom, pale to deep yellow, sometimes tinged pink, up to 2cm. Fruit: Elliptical, oval, flattened capsule, carrying 4 seeds, later splitting on one side. Seeds are dispersed by ants. The botanical name of 'Melampyrum' is derived from the Greek 'melas' (black) and 'pyros... Leaves: Opposite, linear-lanceolate leaves which are nearly stalkless. Leaf bracts have long teeth at the base.

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Meadow Cranesbill

Flower: Bluish-violet, 5 petals, up to 3cm. Dark purple anthers. Fruit: Beak-shaped pods which carry the seeds and explode upon ripening. Leaves: Deeply cut leaves, 5 to 7-lobed, large toothed and with short-stalked stems. The stems are sometimes slightly red. Leaves up to 6cm across.

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