Habitat: Farmland

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Showing 1-25 of 510 records

Alkanet

Flower: Tight clusters of purplish-blue flowers. Roundish petals. Densely hairy. 5 stamens. Pollinated by bees. Fruit: Brown, 4-parted fruit, about 4mm long. The seeds ripen from July to October. Leaves: The leaves and stems are very hairy. The leaves are elliptic and wavy-edged. Not toothed. The leaves are alternate along both sides of the stems. Biennial or perennial.

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Four-leaved Allseed

Flower: The flowers are very small and appear inside forked heads. Fruit: The fruit is a near spherical capsule, just over 1mm in size. Leaves: A many-branched, hairless, winter annual plant with small oval to spoon-shaped leaves, in groups of 4 along the stems. Grows in sandy soils. In Britain, Four-leaved Allseed is most likely to be encoun...

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Green Amaranth

Flower: The flowers appear inside erect, terminal spikes, tassel-like in appearance. 5 pink sepals. Wind pollinated. Fruit: The fruit is a dry seed. Leaves: A hairless, yellowish-green plant similar in appearance to Common Amaranth (Amaranthus retroflexus) but with shorter, looser tassels. The leaves are oval and pointed. Annual. A garden escape, infreque...

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Common Amaranth

Flower: The inflorescence is a dense, tassel-like terminal spike. 5 sepals, no petals. Wind pollinated. Fruit: The fruit is a capsule, up to 2mm long. Black seeds. Seeds ripen from August to October. Leaves: A downy, greyish-green annual plant with pointed oval leaves. Short-stalked. Leaves measure up to 15cm (6 inches) long.

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Garden Anchusa

Flower: Tiny clusters of tubular, violet-blue flowers. Pollinated by bees. Fruit: The fruit is a small nutlet, 2 to 4mm across in size. The seeds ripen from July to September. Leaves: A clump-forming, bristly perennial plant with hairy, lance-shaped leaves. The stems are erect and branching. Garden escape species.

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Marsh Arrowgrass

Flower: A flower spike. The green flowers have purple edges. Individual flowers are up to 3mm wide. Flowers have 3 petals and 6 stamens. Fruit: Narrow, erect and arrow-like. Leaves: Long and grass-like leaves with deep grooves.

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Dragon Arum

Flower: A spectacular, gigantic flower which consists of a dark purple spathe and spadix. Fruit: Clusters of green berries which are wrapped tightly together around the top of the erect stem. The berries later turn red. Leaves: Large palmately lobed leaves, occasionally streaked white. The stems are purple-spotted. Deciduous perennial.

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Six-rowed Barley

Flower: The flower is a pale green spikelet. The spikelets are arranged in groups of 3 rows along the stem of the plant (rachis). The similar-looking Two-Rowed Barley (Hordeum distinchon) are arranged in grou... Fruit: An oval caryopsis, 7-10mm long and 2-3mm wide. Leaves: An annual grass species with long linear stems. The leaves are alternate.

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Two-rowed Barley

Flower: Green spikes with awns of varying lengths depending on the exact species. Fruit: A single-seeded dry fruit, or grain, technically called a caryopsis. Leaves: An annual crop of the grass family. Barley has grass-like leaves. Green, long and linear.

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Broad Bean

Flower: White with black blotch, appearing in clusters. Fruit: Long green pods which contain the beans. Leaves: Compound leaves. The 5-9 leaflets are oval and without toothed edges.

Video: Broad Bean filmed at Orford, Suffolk on the 28th June 2022.

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Annual Beard-grass

Flower: A dense, long, one-flowered spike (up to 15cm or 6 inches). The spike looks fluffy/silky and greenish-white due to its compactly-spaced awns (each up to 7mm long). Pollinated by the wind. Fruit: The fruit is a caryopsis. A caryopsis is a kind of dry, one-seeded fruit common in grasses. The seeds ripen from July to September. Leaves: An annual grass with typical-looking linear, grass-like leaves. Leaf blades are minutely hairy or hairless and about 6mm wide.

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Slender Bedstraw

Flower: The small white flowers grow together in compact clusters. Creamy white flowers with pointed petals. The flowers look the same as those of Limestone Bedstraw. Slender Bedstraw is found mainly in south... Fruit: The fruit is a small, warty, 2-sectioned nutlet. The warts are lower domed than those of Limestone Bedstraw. Leaves: The leaves are in whorls of 7 and 8 along the stems. They are stalkless and bristle-tipped. The hairs on the leaves point backwards. The stems are smooth and 4-angled in cross-section. The stems are a...

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Rampion Bellflower

Flower: The flowers are arranged in a one-sided spike. They are pale blue and bell-shaped, about 2cm long. Fruit: The fruit is a capsule which splits open to release its seeds. The seeds ripen in August and September. Leaves: Slightly toothed, oval basal leaves. The upper leaves are stalkless and narrowly lance-shaped. Biennial.

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Creeping Bellflower

Flower: The inflorescence is a one-sided flower spike of pale blue, drooping, bell-shaped, or tubular flowers. White flowers are rare. The one-sided flower spike makes it readily distinguishable from other sp... Fruit: The fruit is a brown, nodding capsule. The capsule has 5 pores at the base where the seeds can escape in order to disperse themselves. The seeds ripen from August to October. Leaves: The basal leaves are narrowly triangular in shape with a heart-shaped base and jagged teeth along the margins. The leaves measure up to 12cm (5 inches) long. The stem leaves are short-stalked and lanc...

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Black Bent

Flower: Light, shiny, reddish-purple spikelets. The spikelets are one-flowered. Later the flowers turn a drab grey colour. No awns. Fruit: The fruit is a caryopsis. Leaves: A perennial, mat-forming grass, much taller than Common Bent (Agrostis capillaris) and with broader leaves. The leaves reach 6mm wide. The toothed ligule is blunt, up to 6mm long.

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Loose Silky Bent

Flower: Purplish-red or green flower spikelets. Fruit: The fruit is called a caryopsis. It is a type of dry, one-seeded fruit. Leaves: An annual grass with rough, variable leaves and spreading branches. The linear leaves are up to 1cm wide. Blunt pointed ligules. The sheaths are often purplish.

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Dense Silky Bent

Flower: Purplish-red or green flower spikelets. The inflorescence is narrower than that of the similar looking Loose Silky Bent Grass (Apera spica-venti). Fruit: The fruit is a caryopsis. Leaves: An annual grass. Linear leaves. Similar to Loose Silky Bent but with narrower leaves and a more pointed ligule.

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Creeping Bent

Flower: Clusters of flower spikelets, usually awned. Spikelets have only one floret. Often purplish. Similar in appearance to Common Bent (Agrostis capillaris) but its flowerheads are less open. Wind pollinat... Fruit: A brown caryopsis (a type of dry one-seeded fruit). Leaves: A perennial grass with creeping runners. Flat leaves with long pointed ligules. Abundant all over the British Isles.

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Betony

Flower: Dense pink to purple flower spike. Fruit: After the flowers have died off, each flower leaves behind four 3-sided, smooth, brown nutlets at the bottom of the calyx. Leaves: Bluntly toothed, oval, stalked leaves, mostly in basal rosettes. Some paired leaves along the stem.

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Black Bindweed

Flower: Small clusters of greenish-pink or greenish-white flowers. The flowers appear in loose spikes borne at the leaf axils. 8 stamens. Pollinated by insects. Fruit: A 3-angled, dull black nut (achene) on stalks approximately 2mm long. The stalks are jointed above the middle. Leaves: A fast-growing annual flower, climbing or prostrate in nature with alternate, stalked, untoothed, arrow-shaped leaves. The corners of the leaves are quite pointed. The leaves are mealy beneath. Up to ...

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Birdsfoot

Flower: Pale pink with darker pink streaks. The wings of the flowers are white and the keels are yellow. Fruit: Curved, beaded, roundish and hairless seedpods with up to 9 segments. When 2 or 3 of the seedpods are together the seedpods resemble birds feet which is where Birdsfoot gets its name from. Leaves: An sprawling annual flower with 7 to 13 pairs of oblong leaflets per leaf.

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Orange Birdsfoot

Flower: Orange-yellow flowers with red veins. 9 to 10 stamens. 1 to 2 flowers per head. Fruit: The fruit is a beaded pod. The pod is less beaded than that of the similar looking Birdsfoot (Ornithopus perpusillus). Leaves: The glabrous leaves consist of 5 to 9 paired, opposite, untoothed leaflets. Annual.

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Hairy Bittercress

Flower: Tiny and forming clusters at the top. 4 white petals with 4 yellow stamens. Counting the number of stamens is perhaps the most reliable way to distinguish this flower from the almost identical Wavy Bi... Fruit: Long and slender seed pods that split open when ripe. Leaves: Basal rosette, anything up to 9 inches long. Compound leaves with alternate leaflets that have one leaf per node along the main upright stem. The leaves persist throughout the winter months.

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Blinks

Flower: Very tiny white flowers appearing in clusters of 1 to 3. Short-stalked. Pollinated by insects. Fruit: Shiny, black fruits. The seeds ripen from June to October. Leaves: A prostrate, low-growing, annual or short-lived perennial plant with small, narrowly oval to oblong (blunt-tipped) leaves. The leaves appear together in opposite pairs along the stems. Usually found g...

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Bouncing Bett

Flower: Soft pink flowers with double flowers. Bouncing Bett is the double-flowered variety of Soapwort (Saponaria officinalis). Pollinated by butterflies and moths. 10 stamens. 2 styles. Fruit: A 4-parted capsule. The seeds ripen in August and September. Leaves: Leafy branches with opposite, entire leaves. The leaves are sometimes tinged red. A perennial which grows in patches.

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