Habitat: Farmland

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Showing 1-25 of 232 records

Marsh Arrowgrass

Flower: A flower spike. The green flowers have purple edges. Individual flowers are up to 3mm wide. Flowers have 3 petals and 6 stamens. Fruit: Narrow, erect and arrow-like. Leaves: Long and grass-like leaves with deep grooves.

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Six-rowed Barley

Flower: The flower is a pale green spikelet. The spikelets are arranged in groups of 3 rows along the stem of the plant (rachis). The similar-looking Two-Rowed Barley (Hordeum distinchon) are arranged in grou... Fruit: An oval caryopsis, 7-10mm long and 2-3mm wide. Leaves: An annual grass species with long linear stems. The leaves are alternate.

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Two-rowed Barley

Flower: Green spikes with awns of varying lengths depending on the exact species. Fruit: A single-seeded dry fruit, or grain, technically called a caryopsis. Leaves: An annual crop of the grass family. Barley has grass-like leaves. Green, long and linear.

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Broad Bean

Flower: White with black blotch, appearing in clusters. Fruit: Long green pods which contain the beans. Leaves: Compound leaves. The 5-9 leaflets are oval and without toothed edges.

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Betony

Flower: Dense pink to purple flower spike. Fruit: After the flowers have died off, each flower leaves behind four 3-sided, smooth, brown nutlets at the bottom of the calyx. Leaves: Bluntly toothed, oval, stalked leaves, mostly in basal rosettes. Some paired leaves along the stem.

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Birdsfoot

Flower: Pale pink with darker pink streaks. The wings of the flowers are white and the keels are yellow. Fruit: Curved, beaded, roundish and hairless seedpods with up to 9 segments. When 2 or 3 of the seedpods are together the seedpods resemble birds feet which is where Birdsfoot gets its name from. Leaves: An sprawling annual flower with 7 to 13 pairs of oblong leaflets per leaf.

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Hairy Bittercress

Flower: Tiny and forming clusters at the top. 4 white petals with 4 yellow stamens. Counting the number of stamens is perhaps the most reliable way to distinguish this flower from the almost identical Wavy Bi... Fruit: Long and slender seed pods that split open when ripe. Leaves: Basal rosette, anything up to 9 inches long. Compound leaves with alternate leaflets that have one leaf per node along the main upright stem. The leaves persist throughout the winter months.

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Bouncing Bett

Flower: Soft pink flowers with double flowers. Bouncing Bett is the double-flowered variety of Soapwort (Saponaria officinalis). Pollinated by butterflies and moths. 10 stamens. 2 styles. Fruit: A 4-parted capsule. The seeds ripen in August and September. Leaves: Leafy branches with opposite, entire leaves. The leaves are sometimes tinged red. A perennial which grows in patches.

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Bugloss

Flower: Light blue, bell-shaped flowers with white honeyguides, measuring approximately 5mm across. The petal-tube is curved. Pollinated by bees. Fruit: 4-parted, netted nutlets, about 3mm long. Single-seeded. Leaves: The stems are hairy and bristly. The narrow, pointed leaves are also hairy and warty. The upper leaves clasp their stems. Leaves alternate along the stems. Basal leaves are stalked but the upper leave...

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Lesser Burdock

Flower: Oval spiky flower heads. A feature worth noting when distinguishing between Greater Burdock and Lesser Burdock is the flower stalks. For Lesser Burdock, the flower stalks are very short, up to 1cm, bu... Fruit: Clusters of round, prickly fruit called 'burs'. The prickles of the burs have small hooks at their ends. The hooks can cause the fruit to stick to clothing and animal fur very easily while brushing pa... Leaves: The alternate stem leaves are large, broad, triangular with wavy edges. The even larger basal rosette leaves can be anything up to 20 inches long. Greater Burdock has solid lower leaf stalks, yet Less...

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Greater Burdock

Flower: Egg-shaped spiky flower heads forming flat-topped loose clusters. A notable feature for positively identifying Greater Burdock is its flower stalks which can be anything up to 10cm in length. Lesser B... Fruit: Clusters of round, prickly fruit called 'burs'. The prickles of the burs have small hooks at their ends. The hooks can cause the fruit to stick to clothing and animal fur very easily while brushing pa... Leaves: The alternate leaves are large, broad, triangular with toothed margins. Grey and woolly in appearance on the underside of the leaf surfaces. Another way to distinguish Greater Burdock from Lesser Burd...

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Salad Burnet

Flower: Oval burgundy-coloured flower heads on long stalks. Fruit: An achene which is a small one seeded dry, ridged nut. Leaves: Pinnate, having up to 12 pairs of toothed leaflets.

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Meadow Buttercup

Flower: 5 glossy yellow petals on furrowed stalks, up to 2.5cm wide and with spreading sepals. Fruit: A cluster of achenes, no larger than half a centimetre across. Leaves: The palmate leaves are variable but have 3 to 7 deeply cut lobes. The end lobe is unstalked.

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Bladder Campion

Flower: 5 deeply notched petals, up to 2cm across. Its inflated calyx, which ranges from purple to yellow, gives Bladder Campion its name and makes it easily distinguishable from other flowers of the same gen... Fruit: Dry, round, papery capsules which split open when ripe. The capsules bear many seeds and are reticulated. Leaves: Greyish-green leaves with pointed tips, narrow and oval. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs.

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Red Campion

Flower: 5 rose-pink notched petals, up to 2.5cm. Flowers range in colour from dark red to pale pink depending on geographic location. Fruit: An ovoid capsule with 10 curved back teeth after becoming ripe. The capsule contains numerous seeds. Leaves: The dark green leaves are untoothed and appear in opposite pairs. They are lanceolate, pointed and with long winged stalks.

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White Campion

Flower: 5 white notched petals, up to 3cm. Calyx is greener, narrower and twice as long as with Red Campion. Fruit: Light yellow or brown ovoid capsules, bearing numerous seeds. Leaves: Opposite, hairy, untoothed, lanceolate, dark green leaves. Basal leaves are stalked and the upper leaves are unstalked.

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Edible Carrot

Flower: A flat-topped umbel of approximately 50 small white flowers. The flowers have feathery bracts. 5 stamens. Fruit: Oval, flattened fruits with small hooks. The seeds ripen in August and September. Leaves: A biennial plant which is occasionally seen growing wild as a garden escape. The feathery looking, bright green leaves are strongly pinnately divided.

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Garden Catmint

Flower: Flower spikes of lavender-blue flowers. The 2-lipped flowers measure about 12mm in length. Dark blue anthers. Pollinated by bees. Fruit: A 4-parted, oval to oblong nutlet. The seeds ripen in September and October. Leaves: Greyish-green, oval, intricately-veined, nettle-like leaves. The toothed leaves are in opposite pairs along the stem. The stems are square in cross section. Perennial. Clump-forming.

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Common Chickweed

Flower: Tiny white flowers with 5 deeply notched petals. 5 green hairy sepals with membranous edges. 3-8 yellowish stamens, later turning reddish brown. Fruit: Green, hairy, oval fruits on long drooping stalks. Leaves: Light green opposite leaves, pointed and hairless. The lower leaves are stalked.

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Sweet Cicely

Flower: White umbels reaching 6cm wide and no bracts. Individual flowers have 5 petals. Pollinated by insects. Fruit: Long, green, shiny, cylindrical and ribbed. The fruits are erect and about 2cm long. Leaves: Similar looking to Cow Parsley but are softer to the touch. They are 2-4 pinnate with small flecks on close inspection.

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Creeping Cinquefoil

Flower: Yellow, 5 petals, buttercup-like with a notch at the end of each petal. Fruit: A head of dry greyish-brown tiny nutlets, or achenes. Leaves: Long-stalked, alternate, compound leaves, with stipules. 3 to 5 toothed leaflets. The leaves look very similar in appearance to those of Strawberry and Creeping Cinquefoil is often misidentified as St...

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Sulphur Cinquefoil

Flower: The flowers are in loose clusters and each flower has got 5 pale yellow or sulphur-coloured petals, up to 1.5cm across. The petals are shallowly notched at their ends. The flowers have 20 to 30 stamen... Fruit: The sepals fold upwards to form capsules or pods which contain several brown seeds. Leaves: A hairy perennial with alternate, palmate, long-stalked leaves. The 5 to 7 leaflets have sharply toothed edges. The leaves have stipules.

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Alsike Clover

Flower: The lower white petals turn rosy pink with age, and then brown after pollination. Fruit: A pea-like seedpod. Leaves: Smooth and trefoil leaves with finely serrated margins. The leaves are similar to White Clover leaves but without any markings. The (often hollow) stems are tall and erect, unlike those of White Clove...

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Red Clover

Flower: Pinkish-purple egg-shaped flowers with very short stalks. Sometimes unstalked. Up to 3cm wide. Fruit: Egg-shaped pod, not hairy. Leaves: Each leaf has 3 finely toothed leaflets, the lower ones being stalked and upper unstalked. Leaflets often have a white crescent in their centres. Leaflets are variable in shape from round to linear an...

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Cocksfoot

Flower: Distinctive and easy to identify with its oval purplish flowerheads. Stalks long and round. Fruit: Narrow, pointed, oval, reddish-purple seeds. 1-sided, feather-like and up to 8mm long. The genus part of the Botanical name for this plant, Dactylis, is derived from the Greek word for 'finger' and it... Leaves: The foliage is coarse and grows in compact tufts. It's dark blue-green linear leaf blades can reach a maximum of 1.5cm wide and can reach a length of up to 50cm.

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