Habitat: Sea cliffs

Search

[?]

1
Showing 1-25 of 25 records

Alexanders

Flower: Yellow-green umbel. Fruit: Globular, ridged, turning black on ripening. Leaves: Yellowish-green bluntly toothed, divided and glossy.

[view all information]

Sea Beet

Flower: Slender green spike of tiny petalless flowers, sometimes turning red. Fruit: The flowers form hard clusters at their bases which then turn into the multi-seeded fruit. Leaves: Dark green, wavy, leathery and shiny. The lower leaves are larger, have very curly edges and are triangular in shape. The upper leaves are narrower than the lower.

[view all information]

Blackthorn

Flower: White, 5 petals, numerous stamens containing gold pollen. Flowers appear before the leaves emerge. Fruit: Like a diminutive plum with a bluish-black waxy coating. Contains a large stone in the centre. The fruit are called 'sloes'. Leaves: Short-stalked, small and slender, pointed oval leaves, alternate and finely toothed. Greyish green beneath with hairy veins.

[view all information]

Sea Buckthorn

Flower: Tiny green and without petals, appearing along the stems. Fruit: An abundance of orange berries cover the tree. Leaves: Deciduous. Silvery leaves that are linear and untoothed.

[view all information]

Sea Campion

Flower: 5 white overlapping petals with broader sepals and often solitary, up to 2.5cm. Sometimes tinged slightly pink. Fruit: A capsule with down-turned teeth. Leaves: Dark green, smooth and waxy leaves, forming a carpet over the ground. Arranged in opposite pairs along the stem.

[view all information]

Fox and Cubs

Flower: One of very few orange flowers in our countryside. Flowers are borne in clusters, paler in their centres. Attracts many insects, such as hoverflies. Fruit: An achene, 3mm long and 1mm wide. Leaves: Bluish-green lanceolate basal leaves. Just a few leaves exist along the stems. The leaves are covered in short, dark, bristly hairs. In fact the entire plant is covered in these hairs.

[view all information]

Dyer's Greenweed

Flower: Rich yellow pea-like flowers forming a spike. Fruit: A narrow and long shiny pod, not usually hairy but can sometimes be slightly downy. Similar-looking to a green bean pod. Leaves: Green, elliptical and pointed. About 1 inch long.

[view all information]

Harebell

Flower: Nodding pale blue bell-shaped flowers on long stalks. Individual flowers up to 2cm in length. Fruit: A small nodding capsule, filled with minute seeds, up to 8mm long. Leaves: The long-stalked basal leaves are roundish, or kidney-shaped and have large rounded teeth which have normally wilted by flowering time. The leaves become shorter stalked as they go up the stem. The al...

[view all information]

Great Horsetail

Flower: Flowerless. Horsetails reproduce by spores. Fruit: A blunt cone on the tip of the fertile stem, up to 8cm long, ripening in April. Leaves: The erect off-white coloured stems are brittle and smooth. The leaf-like branches off the main stem are up to 20cm long. There are between 20 and 40 of these branches per node along the stem.

[view all information]

Hottentot-fig

Flower: Large and many-petalled daisy-like flower, later fading to pink-purple. Yellow centre but not always. Up to 10cm wide. Fruit: Fig-like fruits but not tasting like fig at all. They rarely ripen in the UK. Leaves: 3-sided succulent leaves with pointed tips, carpeting the surface of the ground if left to grow.

[view all information]

Common Juniper

Flower: Small male and female yellow flowers which appear on separate shrubs. Fruit: The fruit is a berry, although not a true berry. Strictly speaking, the dark bluish-purple berries are actually cones. The fruit take up to 2 years to ripen and grow up to 8mm in diameter. Leaves: An evergreen shrub. Its stiff, tightly packed needles grow up to 1cm in length. Each needle has a broad silver line running along the inside.

[view all information]

Wild Madder

Flower: Small, pale yellowish-green, 5 petals, in clusters. Fruit: A small fleshy green berry, changing to black when ripe. Up to 5mm in diameter. Leaves: The dark green leaves are in whorls of 4 to 6, usually 6. Shiny, leathery, prickly and linear.

[view all information]

Montbretia

Flower: Bright orange-red flowers on an unbranched one-sided spike. 6 petal-lobes on a widening tube. Fruit: Green capsules with 3 lobes. They turn brown as they ripen. Leaves: Upright, sword-shaped, unbranched leaves. Grass-like with pointed tips and bright green. Not hairy.

[view all information]

Pellitory-of-the-wall

Flower: Stalkless flowers emerging from the bases of the leaves are green and tiny with creamy white anthers. Fruit: Small elliptical achenes, each containing 1 seed. Leaves: Slightly glossy, fleshy, narrowly oval leaves. The stalked leaves run alternate along their stems. The leaves can grow up to 8cm long. Although the entire plant is covered in dense, stiff hairs, the l...

[view all information]

Scarlet Pimpernel

Flower: 5 petals fringed with hairs. Despite the name, the flowers are orange and not scarlet red. Fruit: A brown, round fruit capsule which contains many seeds. Ripens from August to October. Up to 6mm across. Leaves: The leaves are stalkless and grow in opposite pairs along the stems. They are oval-elliptical with pointed tips. The leaf margins are not toothed. The undersides of the leaves are black-dotted and hav...

[view all information]

Buck's-horn Plantain

Flower: 2-4cm dense unbranched greenish-brown spikes. Yellow anthers. Fruit: A membranous fruit capsule, containing anything up to 5 seeds. Leaves: The name of this plant is derived from the shape of its leaves. They are said to resemble deer's antlers. The leaves are pale green, lance-shaped, up to 25cm long and 2.5cm wide. The leaf veins (3 to ...

[view all information]

Common Primrose

Flower: Pale yellow solitary flowers on long stalks, up to 4cm. Fruit: A capsule which splits open to release its black seeds. Leaves: The leaves form a basal rosette. Each leaf is very crinkly-textured and leaf veins are prominent. Up to 5 inches in length with coarsely serrated leaf margins.

[view all information]

Rock Samphire

Flower: Yellowish-green umbels with lobed lower bracts, up to 5cm wide. Fruit: A cylindrical capsule. Leaves: The succulent, fleshy leaves are pinnately divided into 2 or 3 linear lobes. The leaves are arranged alternately along the stems.

[view all information]

Rock Sea-spurrey

Flower: 5 pink petals. Unlike most other sea-spurries, flowers are missing a white centre. Sepals are the same length as the petals. Fruit: A capsule, up to 7mm long. Leaves: Linear, thread-like leaves, up to 2cm long. The leaves are in opposite pairs and they have scale-like stipules.

[view all information]

Sheepsbit

Flower: Blue with yellow anthers, forming a compact round head. Fruit: A roundish, 5-sided, pointed capsule. Leaves: The leaves are arranged alternately along the stems. They are linear to narrowly egg-shaped and either short-stalked, or not stalked at all. The margins of the leaves are either untoothed, sparsely / ...

[view all information]

Hairy Tare

Flower: Small pea-like, pale lilac and forming spikes on long stalks. Fruit: A flat, pea-like pod, up to 1cm long. Hairy and often densely hairy, hence the name of this plant. Leaves: Compound leaves with 12 to 16 linear leaflets and a forked tendril. Similar to Smooth Tare but Hairy Tare has a greater number of paired leaflets.

[view all information]

Spear Thistle

Flower: Solitary purple flower with green-tipped spines, up to 4cm. White flowers are rare. Fruit: A flat achene (seed) with a fluffy tuft of white hairs attached at one end (a.k.a. the pappus). Leaves: Sharp and prickly, dark green, lobed, pinnate leaves. The leaves are alternate along the stems.

[view all information]

Thrift

Flower: Clusters of tight globular pink flowerheads. Individual flowers are tiny and have 5 petals. At the top of each unbranched flowerstalk there exists a papery brown bract. Fruit: A one-seeded, brown fruit capsule. Leaves: Mat-forming. Grass-like, stiff, compact, fleshy, upright, linear leaves.

[view all information]

Vervain

Flower: Very dense spikes on long leafless stalks, 5 pinkish-purple petals. Fruit: A 4-parted nutlet. Leaves: The leaves are oblong, lobed and have toothed edges. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs along the stems and individual leaves can grow up to 10cm long.

[view all information]

Kidney Vetch

Flower: Yellow pea-like flowers which grow in clusters, sometimes orange and very occasionally red. Each flower has a hairy calyx which contains the sepals, making it look woolly. Flowerheads are very attract... Fruit: Roundish, hairy pea-like pods, reaching a length of 4mm. The pods each contain a single seed. Leaves: The leaves are alternate along the stems. Small stipules present. The leaves can be stalked, or stalkless. They are compound leaves, made up of 1 to 5 pairs of leaflets. The terminal leaflet is usuall...

[view all information]

1