Habitat: Sea cliffs

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Showing 1-25 of 53 records

Alexanders

Flower: Yellow-green umbel. Fruit: Globular, ridged, turning black on ripening. Leaves: Yellowish-green bluntly toothed, divided and glossy.

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Sea Aster

Flower: Pale blue/purple, sometimes white or yellow. The flower consists of 5 stamens and 2 carpels. Fruit: A flattened, hairy yellow-brown fruit. Leaves: A biennial or perennial plant with thin, dark green leaves. The leaves have a prominent central vein. Similar-looking to a Michaelmas Daisy.

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Sea Beet

Flower: Slender green spike of tiny petalless flowers, sometimes turning red. Fruit: The flowers form hard clusters at their bases which then turn into the multi-seeded fruit. Leaves: Dark green, wavy, leathery and shiny. The lower leaves are larger, have very curly edges and are triangular in shape. The upper leaves are narrower than the lower.

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Blackthorn

Flower: White, 5 petals, numerous stamens containing gold pollen. Flowers appear before the leaves emerge. Fruit: Like a diminutive plum with a bluish-black waxy coating. Contains a large stone in the centre. The fruit are called 'sloes'. Leaves: Short-stalked, small and slender, pointed oval leaves, alternate and finely toothed. Greyish green beneath with hairy veins.

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Sea Buckthorn

Flower: Tiny green and without petals, appearing along the stems. Fruit: An abundance of orange berries cover the tree. Leaves: Deciduous. Silvery leaves that are linear and untoothed.

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Isle of Man Cabbage

Flower: Bright yellow flowers with pale brown veins, 2 to 2.5cm in size. Pollinated by insects. Fruit: The fruit is a cylindrical pod, waisted and beaked. The seeds form a single row within the beak of the fruit. Leaves: The glossy, pinnate leaves are dark green to greyish and form a basal rosette at the base of the plant. Stem leaves are absent. Isle of Man Cabbage is difficult to identify by the flower alone. Howeve...

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Sea Campion

Flower: 5 white overlapping petals with broader sepals and often solitary, up to 2.5cm. Sometimes tinged slightly pink. Fruit: A capsule with down-turned teeth. Leaves: Dark green, smooth and waxy leaves, forming a carpet over the ground. Arranged in opposite pairs along the stem.

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Spotted Cat's-ear

Flower: Pale yellow, solitary flowers. The bracts are sometimes black-tipped. Up to 4.5cm in diameter. 5 stamens. Fruit: A single-seeded fruit with many, fine white hairs at the end. The seeds ripen between July and September. Leaves: A hairy perennial with a basal rosette of well-toothed leaves. The central vein is reddish. Usually blotched, dark purple or black. This is our only Cat's-ear or Hawkbit which can sometimes bear leave...

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Spring Cinquefoil

Flower: Small clusters of buttercup-like flowers, each measuring up to 18mm across. The 5 sepals are clearly visible in the spaces between the petals. Spring Cinquefoil is an almost identical plant to Creepin... Fruit: A short-tipped achene. Leaves: Mat-forming with hairy palmate leaves, between 5 and 7 leaflets.

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Mountain Everlasting

Flower: The flowers appear in a closely compact umbel at the top of the plant. The cottony-looking flowers are white or pale pink. Flowers are 6 to 12mm in diameter. Fruit: The fruit is a dull brown, oval achene. Hairs are present at one end of the fruit. Leaves: A patch-forming, semi-evergreen perennial plant. The silvery-green leaves are narrowly spoon-shaped, forming a basal rosette. They are appressed close to the stem. The tips of the leaves are pointed. ...

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Royal Fern

Flower: Ferns reproduce by means of spores. The spores appear in flower spikes and are golden brown in colour. The spores appear from June to August. Leaves: A majestic and distinctive-looking perennial fern usually growing no taller than 1.2 metres. Pinnate fronds with oblong leaflets. The Royal Fern can be seen from April to November. Sometimes occurs as...

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Fox and Cubs

Flower: One of very few orange flowers in our countryside. Flowers are borne in clusters, paler in their centres. Attracts many insects, such as hoverflies. Fruit: An achene, 3mm long and 1mm wide. Leaves: Bluish-green lanceolate basal leaves. Just a few leaves exist along the stems. The leaves are covered in short, dark, bristly hairs. In fact the entire plant is covered in these hairs.

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Crow Garlic

Flower: The stalked flowers usually consist of dark purple bulbils. Unlike the flowers of Sand Leek (Allium scorodoprasum), the stamens protrude from the flowers and the spathe only has a single valve. Insect... Fruit: A fruit capsule. The seeds ripen in either August or September. Leaves: The leaves are waxy, tubular, hollow, linear and measure up to 4mm thick. Throughout the British Isles, Crow Garlic is most common in southern England. Perennial.

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Western Gorse

Flower: Clusters of yellow pea-like flowers. Smaller and narrower than Common Gorse flowers, up to 2cm long. Fruit: Dark brown oval, pointed seed pods, bursting open in spring. Leaves: An evergreen prickly shrub. The spiny leaves are a darker green and less furrowed than the similar looking Common Gorse.

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Dyer's Greenweed

Flower: Rich yellow pea-like flowers forming a spike. Fruit: A narrow and long shiny pod, not usually hairy but can sometimes be slightly downy. Similar-looking to a green bean pod. Leaves: Green, elliptical and pointed. About 1 inch long.

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Heath Groundsel

Flower: The yellow flowerheads are stalked, up to 5mm wide. The ray florets curl backwards, usually unlike those of the similar-looking shorter plant, Common Groundsel. The bracts are narrow and purple-tipped... Fruit: Ridged, brown and cylindrical achene with a pappus, up to 1 inch long. Leaves: An annual flower with narrowly lanceolate leaves and more deeply and irregular lobes than Common Groundsel. The leaves are alternate and short-stalked, however the upper leaves are stalkless. The leaf...

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Harebell

Flower: Nodding pale blue bell-shaped flowers on long stalks. Individual flowers up to 2cm in length. Fruit: A small nodding capsule, filled with minute seeds, up to 8mm long. Leaves: The long-stalked basal leaves are roundish, or kidney-shaped and have large rounded teeth which have normally wilted by flowering time. The leaves become shorter stalked as they go up the stem. The al...

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Great Horsetail

Flower: Flowerless. Horsetails reproduce by spores. Fruit: A blunt cone on the tip of the fertile stem, up to 8cm long, ripening in April. Leaves: The erect off-white coloured stems are brittle and smooth. The leaf-like branches off the main stem are up to 20cm long. There are between 20 and 40 of these branches per node along the stem.

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Hottentot-fig

Flower: Large and many-petalled daisy-like flower, later fading to pink-purple. Yellow centre but not always. Up to 10cm wide. Fruit: Fig-like fruits but not tasting like fig at all. They rarely ripen in the UK. Leaves: 3-sided succulent leaves with pointed tips, carpeting the surface of the ground if left to grow.

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Stinking Iris

Flower: Dull greyish-purple flowers, occasionally yellow. Up to 7cm across. Pollinated by bees. Fruit: The seed pods burst open to reveal its large bright orange / red seeds. The fruit are very conspicuous in autumn and winter. The seeds ripen between October and February. Leaves: Broad, dark green, linear leaves. Up to 25mm wide. A perennial which is common in central and southern England. It's fairly uncommon everywhere else in the British Isles.

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Common Juniper

Flower: Small male and female yellow flowers which appear on separate shrubs. Fruit: The fruit is a berry, although not a true berry. Strictly speaking, the dark bluish-purple berries are actually cones. The fruit take up to 2 years to ripen and grow up to 8mm in diameter. Leaves: An evergreen shrub. Its stiff, tightly packed needles grow up to 1cm in length. Each needle has a broad silver line running along the inside.

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Tyneside Leopardplant

Flower: The inflorescence is a spike of many yellow flowers. Pollinated by insects. Fruit: The fruit is a cylindrical, hairless achene (seed). Leaves: A clump-forming perennial. The dark green leaves are palmate and have sharp, jagged lobes. The stems are black. Rarely found growing wild in the UK. Established by the River Tyne in Northumberland.

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Great Lettuce

Flower: The small yellow, short-stalked flowers are frequently tinged purple around the edges of the petals and below. Pollinated by insects. Fruit: A dark purple, oval fruit with winged edges. The fruit is white-beaked and has tufts of silvery hair. In fruit during August and September. Leaves: An annual or biennial plant, similar to Prickly Lettuce (Lactuca serriola) but taller. The greyish-green leaves are larger, wavy-edged and often flushed purple. The leaves have spines on their edges a...

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Wild Madder

Flower: Small, pale yellowish-green, 5 petals, in clusters. Fruit: A small fleshy green berry, changing to black when ripe. Up to 5mm in diameter. Leaves: The dark green leaves are in whorls of 4 to 6, usually 6. Shiny, leathery, prickly and linear.

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Tree Mallow

Flower: Flowers grow in clusters of 2 to 7 and are purplish-pink with purple veins and a dark centre. 5 notched petals. Flowers reach a maximum of 4cm across. Fruit: A disc-shaped nutlet. Leaves: Soft, downy, stalked, Ivy-shaped leaves with 5 to 7 lobes, up to 20cm across. The branches of Tree Mallow are woody and this is the only woody UK Mallow species.

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