Habitat: Sea cliffs

Search

[?]

1
2
Showing 1-25 of 31 records

Alexanders

Flower: Yellow-green umbel. Fruit: Globular, ridged, turning black on ripening. Leaves: Yellowish-green bluntly toothed, divided and glossy.

[view all information]

Sea Beet

Flower: Slender green spike of tiny petalless flowers, sometimes turning red. Fruit: The flowers form hard clusters at their bases which then turn into the multi-seeded fruit. Leaves: Dark green, wavy, leathery and shiny. The lower leaves are larger, have very curly edges and are triangular in shape. The upper leaves are narrower than the lower.

[view all information]

Blackthorn

Flower: White, 5 petals, numerous stamens containing gold pollen. Flowers appear before the leaves emerge. Fruit: Like a diminutive plum with a bluish-black waxy coating. Contains a large stone in the centre. The fruit are called 'sloes'. Leaves: Short-stalked, small and slender, pointed oval leaves, alternate and finely toothed. Greyish green beneath with hairy veins.

[view all information]

Sea Buckthorn

Flower: Tiny green and without petals, appearing along the stems. Fruit: An abundance of orange berries cover the tree. Leaves: Deciduous. Silvery leaves that are linear and untoothed.

[view all information]

Sea Campion

Flower: 5 white overlapping petals with broader sepals and often solitary, up to 2.5cm. Sometimes tinged slightly pink. Fruit: A capsule with down-turned teeth. Leaves: Dark green, smooth and waxy leaves, forming a carpet over the ground. Arranged in opposite pairs along the stem.

[view all information]

Fox and Cubs

Flower: One of very few orange flowers in our countryside. Flowers are borne in clusters, paler in their centres. Attracts many insects, such as hoverflies. Fruit: An achene, 3mm long and 1mm wide. Leaves: Bluish-green lanceolate basal leaves. Just a few leaves exist along the stems. The leaves are covered in short, dark, bristly hairs. In fact the entire plant is covered in these hairs.

[view all information]

Western Gorse

Flower: Clusters of yellow pea-like flowers. Smaller and narrower than Common Gorse flowers, up to 2cm long. Fruit: Dark brown oval, pointed seed pods, bursting open in spring. Leaves: An evergreen prickly shrub. The spiny leaves are a darker green and less furrowed than the similar looking Common Gorse.

[view all information]

Dyer's Greenweed

Flower: Rich yellow pea-like flowers forming a spike. Fruit: A narrow and long shiny pod, not usually hairy but can sometimes be slightly downy. Similar-looking to a green bean pod. Leaves: Green, elliptical and pointed. About 1 inch long.

[view all information]

Heath Groundsel

Flower: The yellow flowerheads are stalked, up to 5mm wide. The ray florets curl backwards, usually unlike those of the similar-looking shorter plant, Common Groundsel. The bracts are narrow and purple-tipped... Fruit: Ridged, brown and cylindrical achene with a pappus, up to 1 inch long. Leaves: An annual flower with narrowly lanceolate leaves and more deeply and irregular lobes than Common Groundsel. The leaves are alternate and short-stalked, however the upper leaves are stalkless. The leaf...

[view all information]

Harebell

Flower: Nodding pale blue bell-shaped flowers on long stalks. Individual flowers up to 2cm in length. Fruit: A small nodding capsule, filled with minute seeds, up to 8mm long. Leaves: The long-stalked basal leaves are roundish, or kidney-shaped and have large rounded teeth which have normally wilted by flowering time. The leaves become shorter stalked as they go up the stem. The al...

[view all information]

Great Horsetail

Flower: Flowerless. Horsetails reproduce by spores. Fruit: A blunt cone on the tip of the fertile stem, up to 8cm long, ripening in April. Leaves: The erect off-white coloured stems are brittle and smooth. The leaf-like branches off the main stem are up to 20cm long. There are between 20 and 40 of these branches per node along the stem.

[view all information]

Hottentot-fig

Flower: Large and many-petalled daisy-like flower, later fading to pink-purple. Yellow centre but not always. Up to 10cm wide. Fruit: Fig-like fruits but not tasting like fig at all. They rarely ripen in the UK. Leaves: 3-sided succulent leaves with pointed tips, carpeting the surface of the ground if left to grow.

[view all information]

Common Juniper

Flower: Small male and female yellow flowers which appear on separate shrubs. Fruit: The fruit is a berry, although not a true berry. Strictly speaking, the dark bluish-purple berries are actually cones. The fruit take up to 2 years to ripen and grow up to 8mm in diameter. Leaves: An evergreen shrub. Its stiff, tightly packed needles grow up to 1cm in length. Each needle has a broad silver line running along the inside.

[view all information]

Wild Madder

Flower: Small, pale yellowish-green, 5 petals, in clusters. Fruit: A small fleshy green berry, changing to black when ripe. Up to 5mm in diameter. Leaves: The dark green leaves are in whorls of 4 to 6, usually 6. Shiny, leathery, prickly and linear.

[view all information]

Tree Mallow

Flower: Flowers grow in clusters of 2 to 7 and are purplish-pink with purple veins and a dark centre. 5 notched petals. Flowers reach a maximum of 4cm across. Fruit: A disc-shaped nutlet. Leaves: Soft, downy, stalked, Ivy-shaped leaves with 5 to 7 lobes, up to 20cm across. The branches of Tree Mallow are woody and this is the only woody UK Mallow species.

[view all information]

Montbretia

Flower: Bright orange-red flowers on an unbranched one-sided spike. 6 petal-lobes on a widening tube. Fruit: Green capsules with 3 lobes. They turn brown as they ripen. Leaves: Upright, sword-shaped, unbranched leaves. Grass-like with pointed tips and bright green. Not hairy.

[view all information]

Pellitory-of-the-wall

Flower: Stalkless flowers emerging from the bases of the leaves are green and tiny with creamy white anthers. Fruit: Small elliptical achenes, each containing 1 seed. Leaves: Slightly glossy, fleshy, narrowly oval leaves. The stalked leaves run alternate along their stems. The leaves can grow up to 8cm long. Although the entire plant is covered in dense, stiff hairs, the l...

[view all information]

Scarlet Pimpernel

Flower: 5 petals fringed with hairs. Despite the name, the flowers are orange and not scarlet red. Fruit: A brown, round fruit capsule which contains many seeds. Ripens from August to October. Up to 6mm across. Leaves: The leaves are stalkless and grow in opposite pairs along the stems. They are oval-elliptical with pointed tips. The leaf margins are not toothed. The undersides of the leaves are black-dotted and hav...

[view all information]

Buck's-horn Plantain

Flower: 2-4cm dense unbranched greenish-brown spikes. Yellow anthers. Fruit: A membranous fruit capsule, containing anything up to 5 seeds. Leaves: The name of this plant is derived from the shape of its leaves. They are said to resemble deer's antlers. The leaves are pale green, lance-shaped, up to 25cm long and 2.5cm wide. The leaf veins (3 to ...

[view all information]

Common Primrose

Flower: Pale yellow solitary flowers on long stalks, up to 4cm. Fruit: A capsule which splits open to release its black seeds. Leaves: The leaves form a basal rosette. Each leaf is very crinkly-textured and leaf veins are prominent. Up to 5 inches in length with coarsely serrated leaf margins.

[view all information]

Sea Radish

Flower: The flowers have 4 petals and are always yellow (usually a rich yellow colour). Darker yellow veins can be noticed upon a closer inspection of the flowers. Each flower has 4 yellow stamens. The flower... Fruit: Long cylindrical fruit pods with spherical, beaded swellings. Each swelling contains a seed. Leaves: A biennial / perennial plant of the cabbage family. In the first year Sea Radish is usually just basal rosette of leaves. In the second year, Sea Radish grows taller and produces an upright main stem....

[view all information]

Rock Samphire

Flower: Yellowish-green umbels with lobed lower bracts, up to 5cm wide. Fruit: A cylindrical capsule. Leaves: The succulent, fleshy leaves are pinnately divided into 2 or 3 linear lobes. The leaves are arranged alternately along the stems.

[view all information]

Rock Sea-spurrey

Flower: 5 pink petals. Unlike most other sea-spurries, flowers are missing a white centre. Sepals are the same length as the petals. Fruit: A capsule, up to 7mm long. Leaves: Linear, thread-like leaves, up to 2cm long. The leaves are in opposite pairs and they have scale-like stipules.

[view all information]

Sheepsbit

Flower: Blue with yellow anthers, forming a compact round head. Fruit: A roundish, 5-sided, pointed capsule. Leaves: The leaves are arranged alternately along the stems. They are linear to narrowly egg-shaped and either short-stalked, or not stalked at all. The margins of the leaves are either untoothed, sparsely / ...

[view all information]

Hoary Stock

Flower: The flowers appear in spikes and are either in single or double form. The colour of the flowers can be pink, mauve, purple, violet or white. Flowers have 4 petals. Fruit: Cylindrical, curved seedpods. When Hoary Stock is in fruit, the seedpods can cause the plant to look like a tangled mess. Leaves: A garden escape with branched, woody bases. It is a short-lived perennial with grey, elongated, untoothed leaves. Often appearing on the Sea Cliffs in Sussex and around the Isle of Wight.

[view all information]

1
2