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Blackthorn

Prunus spinosa

Plant Data

Order:
Rosales
Family:
Rosaceae (Rose)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
White, 5 petals, numerous stamens containing gold pollen. Flowers appear before the leaves emerge.
Fruit:
Like a diminutive plum with a bluish-black waxy coating. Contains a large stone in the centre. The fruit are called 'sloes'.
Leaves:
Short-stalked, small and slender, pointed oval leaves, alternate and finely toothed. Greyish green beneath with hairy veins.
Maximum Size:
4 meters tall.
Foraging Notes:
Too bitter and sour to eat raw. All types of foods can be made from the berries; popular recipes include sloe gin, jelly, jam, wine and syrup.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Other Names:
Sloe, Sloe Plum.
Habitats:
Hedgerows, scrub, sea cliffs, woodland.