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Spanish Broom

Spartium junceum

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Fabaceae (Pea)
Also in this family:
Alpine Milk-vetch, Alsike Clover, Birdsfoot, Birdsfoot Clover, Bird's-foot Trefoil, Bithynian Vetch, Bitter Vetch, Black Broom, Black Medick, Bladder Senna, Broad Bean, Broad-leaved Everlasting Pea, Bur Medick, Burrowing Clover, Bush Vetch, Clustered Clover, Common Broom, Common Gorse, Common Laburnum, Common Restharrow, Common Vetch, Crimson Clover, Crown Vetch, Dragon's Teeth, Dwarf Gorse, Dyer's Greenweed, False Acacia, Fine-leaved Vetch, Fodder Vetch, Garden Lupin, Garden Pea, Goat's Rue, Grass Vetchling, Greater Bird's-foot Trefoil, Hairy Bird's-foot Trefoil, Hairy Greenweed, Hairy Tare, Hairy Vetchling, Hairy-fruited Broom, Haresfoot Clover, Hop Trefoil, Horseshoe Vetch, Hungarian Vetch, Kidney Vetch, Knotted Clover, Large Trefoil, Lesser Trefoil, Lucerne, Marsh Pea, Meadow Vetchling, Narrow-leaved Bird's-foot Trefoil, Narrow-leaved Everlasting Pea, Narrow-leaved Vetch, Nootka Lupin, Norfolk Everlasting Pea, Orange Birdsfoot, Petty Whin, Purple Milk-vetch, Purple Oxytropis, Red Clover, Reversed Clover, Ribbed Melilot, Rough Clover, Russell Lupin, Sainfoin, Scorpion Senna, Scottish Laburnum, Sea Clover, Sea Pea, Sickle Medick, Slender Bird's-foot Trefoil, Slender Tare, Slender Trefoil, Small Melilot, Small Restharrow, Smooth Tare, Spanish Gorse, Spiny Restharrow, Spotted Medick, Spring Vetch, Strawberry Clover, Suffocated Clover, Sulphur Clover, Tall Melilot, Toothed Medick, Tree Lupin, Tuberous Pea, Tufted Vetch, Twin-headed Clover, Two-flowered Everlasting Pea, Upright Clover, Upright Vetch, Western Clover, Western Gorse, White Broom, White Clover, White Lupin, White Melilot, Wild Liquorice, Wood Vetch, Yellow Oxytropis, Yellow Vetch, Yellow Vetchling, Zigzag Clover
Deciduous shrub
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
3.5 metres tall
Cliffs, gardens, roadsides, rocky places, sea cliffs, woodland.

Yellow, 5 petals
Bright yellow, pea-like flowers, up to 2.5cm long. Pollinated by insects.
Black pea-like pods which are hairy all over and up to 10cm long. The seeds ripen from August to October.
The leaves appear very sparsely on the rush-like shoots. The latin name 'junceum' means rush-like which is a reference to the stems of Spanish Broom. The leaves are a maximum of 3cm in length and up to 4mm wide.
The flowers are very sweet-scented.
Other Names:
Rush Broom, Weaver's Broom.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Spartium junceum, also known as Spanish broom or weaver's broom, is a species of flowering plant in the legume family. It is native to the Mediterranean region and is widely cultivated in other parts of the world as an ornamental plant. It is a shrub that grows to about 3 meters in height and has thin, wiry stems with narrow, green leaves and clusters of small, yellow flowers. It is known for its ability to tolerate drought and poor soil conditions, making it a popular choice for landscaping in dry regions. It is also valued for its attractive appearance and ability to attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies.


Spanish Broom (Spartium junceum) is a fast-growing, drought-tolerant shrub native to the Mediterranean region in Europe. This species, which is also known as Weavers Broom, is a popular ornamental plant, grown for its fragrant yellow flowers that bloom in the spring and early summer.

Spanish Broom is a hardy plant that is well-suited to arid and semi-arid climates, making it a popular choice for landscaping in regions with hot, dry summers. It grows up to 10 feet tall and spreads up to 6 feet wide, producing an abundance of fragrant, yellow, pea-like flowers that are arranged in long, dense clusters.

In addition to its attractive flowers, Spanish Broom is known for its hardiness and versatility. It can be grown in a variety of soils, from sand to clay, and can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, from hot, dry desert climates to cooler coastal regions. This plant is also highly resistant to pests and diseases, making it a low-maintenance option for gardeners.

However, Spanish Broom has been listed as an invasive species in some countries, particularly in the western United States, where it has escaped cultivation and has taken over native habitats, displacing native vegetation and wildlife. To prevent the spread of this invasive species, it is important to practice responsible gardening and to remove any volunteer seedlings that may arise from the parent plant.

Aside from its ornamental value, Spanish Broom also has a long history of medicinal uses. The plant has been used in traditional medicine for centuries to treat a variety of ailments, such as respiratory problems, skin conditions, and digestive disorders. In some cultures, the plant is even believed to have spiritual properties and is used in rituals and ceremonies.

The leaves and twigs of Spanish Broom are rich in tannins and are often used to make a tea that is said to have a relaxing effect. The plant’s wood is also hard and durable, making it useful for crafts and furniture making.

In addition to its ornamental, medicinal, and practical uses, Spanish Broom is also a popular source of nectar for honeybees and other pollinators. Its fragrant flowers attract bees, butterflies, and other insects, making it an important plant for maintaining healthy ecosystems and supporting local wildlife.

In horticulture, Spanish Broom is propagated through seed or by taking cuttings. It is also a popular subject for bonsai, as it can be trained and pruned to form beautiful, miniature trees.

Spanish Broom is a very hardy plant and is well adapted to a wide range of growing conditions, making it ideal for landscaping and gardening. It is tolerant of most soil types and can grow in full sun or partial shade. It is also able to survive in areas with low rainfall and can even grow in coastal areas with salt spray.

Despite its hardiness, Spanish Broom is not without its challenges. One of the biggest issues with growing this plant is its invasive nature. Spanish Broom is capable of rapidly spreading through seed dispersal and can quickly take over an area, displacing native vegetation and wildlife. This is why it is important to be aware of its invasive potential and to take steps to control its growth if you choose to grow it in your garden.

Another challenge with Spanish Broom is its susceptibility to powdery mildew. This fungal disease can cause unsightly white patches on the plant’s leaves and can lead to reduced growth and flower production. However, with proper care and maintenance, powdery mildew can be controlled and prevented from affecting the health and appearance of your Spanish Broom.

Despite its challenges, Spanish Broom is a highly rewarding plant to grow. Its fragrant flowers and hardiness make it a popular choice for gardeners and landscapers alike. With proper care and maintenance, Spanish Broom can provide years of enjoyment and beauty in your garden.

In conclusion, Spanish Broom is a beautiful, versatile, and hardy plant that can be a great addition to any garden. However, it is important to be aware of its invasive potential and to take steps to control its growth. With proper care and maintenance, Spanish Broom can provide years of beauty and enjoyment in your garden.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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