Habitat: Riversides

Search

[?]

Open the Advanced Search
1
2
Showing 1-25 of 34 records

Wood Avens

Flower: The long stalked, star-shaped flowers appear in loose clusters and are up to 2 cm across in diameter. The sepals turn downwards as the fruit forms. The flowers are similar in appearance to those of St... Fruit: Hooked fruit forming a bur-like head, bronze-tipped. Leaves: The leaves are unstalked. The lower ones are pinnate with the terminal leaflet being much the largest. Stem leaves are smaller and trefoil.

[view all information]

Touch-me-not Balsam

Flower: Yellow, speckled red. 5 petals with broad lower lip and small upper hood. Fruit: Pendant capsules that burst open and scatter their seeds when touched. Leaves: Alternate, stalked and oval. Toothed margins.

[view all information]

Downy Birch

Flower: Male and female catkins appear on the same tree. Erect female catkins are shorter and green. Male catkins hang loosely in groups of 2-4. Often hybridizes with Silver Birch making identification tricky. Fruit: Small dry one-sided winged fruits, called 'achenes'. Leaves: Deciduous. Ovate, pointed and with serrated margins. Light green in spring, darkening and then turning yellow or orange in autumn. Leaves are often hairy underneath.

[view all information]

Large Bittercress

Flower: 4 white petals which are very occasionally purple, up to 12mm wide. Flowers clustering together at the top of the plant. 6 stamens, purple anthers. Fruit: Long, thin, flat seed pods that eventually split open lengthwise. Leaves: Without a basal rosette, as with Hairy Bittercress and Wavy Bittercress. The basal leaves are long-stalked and the upper stem leaves are very short-stalked. The leaves run alternate along the stem and...

[view all information]

Wavy Bittercress

Flower: Tiny and forming clusters at the top. 4 white petals with 6 yellow stamens. Counting the number of stamens is perhaps the most reliable way to distinguish this flower from the almost identical Hairy B... Fruit: Long, thin, cylindrical seed pods which usually are lower than the topmost flowers. This is useful to know when trying to distinguish this flower from Hairy Bittercress which has seed pods that normal... Leaves: The basal rosette has alternate leaves. Stem leaves are compound with 3-6 pairs of leaflets and a terminal leaflet. Leaflets are wavy edged. The upright main stem upon which the leaves emerge from are...

[view all information]

Great Burnet

Flower: Oval burgundy-coloured flower heads on long stalks. Fruit: An achene which is a small one seeded dry nut. Leaves: Alternate, long-stalked, compound leaves with up to 7 pairs of oval, stalked and toothed leaflets.

[view all information]

Meadow Buttercup

Flower: 5 glossy yellow petals on furrowed stalks, up to 2.5cm wide and with spreading sepals. Fruit: A cluster of achenes, no larger than half a centimetre across. Leaves: The palmate leaves are variable but have 3 to 7 deeply cut lobes. The end lobe is unstalked.

[view all information]

Sweet Cicely

Flower: White umbels reaching 6cm wide and no bracts. Individual flowers have 5 petals. Pollinated by insects. Fruit: Long, green, shiny, cylindrical and ribbed. The fruits are erect and about 2cm long. Leaves: Similar looking to Cow Parsley but are softer to the touch. They are 2-4 pinnate with small flecks on close inspection.

[view all information]

Common Comfrey

Flower: Clusters of pink-purple or yellowish cream flowers, up to 2cm wide. Flowers can also be magenta, red or white. Fruit: A cluster of 4 shiny nutlets, later turning a dark brown or black. Leaves: Similar-looking to Foxglove leaves. Large, slender, undivided leaves with a rough texture.

[view all information]

Japanese Cowslip

Flower: Whorls of flowers at the top the upright main stem. The ostentatious flowers can be of various colours, most often pink, red, purple and white. Fruit: Dry, splitting open when ripe, up to 8mm long. Leaves: Lettuce-like. Basal leaves only, simple and toothed, up to 10 inches long. Light green and wrinkly.

[view all information]

Creeping Jenny

Flower: Yellow, 5 petals. Easily confused with Yellow Pimpernel but can be distinguished by its bell-shaped flowers and shorter, thicker stems. Fruit: Globular capsule with 5 valves, rarely seen. Leaves: Rounded or heart-shaped leaves, short-stalked and faintly black-dotted. The leaves are more blunted than Yellow Pimpernel. They appear together in opposite pairs along the creeping stems. The edges of...

[view all information]

Marsh Cudweed

Flower: Unstalked dense clusters, tiny, yellow and brown. Fruit: A tiny achene with a white, hairy pappus. Leaves: Greyish or silvery-green, alternate, short-stalked, lanceolate leaves. Cottony in appearance. Leaves have entire margins.

[view all information]

Wych Elm

Flower: Tuft of red stamens appearing on the twigs long before the leaves appear. Wind pollinated. Fruit: A winged fruit, pale green and with a notched end. Each winged fruit contains a single seed in its centre. The winged fruit are known as 'samara's' and reach a maximum of 1cm across. The samara's turn... Leaves: A deciduous shrub or tree. Alternate and oval leaves with pointed tips. Dark green and sharp-pointed serrations around the margins of the leaves. The Wych Elm has larger leaves than those of other Elm...

[view all information]

Common Fleabane

Flower: Golden yellow daisy-like flowerheads upto 3cm across, flat-topped. 40-100 disc florets and 20-30 ray florets. Fruit: Dry, 1-seeded. Leaves: Silvery green leaves. Narrow, pointed, widest at the base, up to 8cm long. The alternate leaves are covered in a white down. The upper leaves look wrinkly.

[view all information]

Couch Grass

Flower: Spikelets consisting of 3 to 8 florets arranged alternately along both sides of the stem. Each floret being up to 2cm long. Fruit: A dry one-sided seed (caryopsis), up to 5mm long. Leaves: Green and flat leaf blades. White hairs dispersed on the upper surfaces of the leaves.

[view all information]

Mat Grass

Flower: One-sided, one-flowered flower spike. Fruit: A caryopsis (a type of dry, one seeded fruit, typical of grasses and cereals). Leaves: Tufted, forming dense tussocks. The leaves are simple with entire margins, linear in shape and alternate.

[view all information]

Reed Canary Grass

Flower: 2-3 flowered spikelets, variable in colour from white to pale yellow or purple. Fruit: A one-seeded fruit (caryopsis). Leaves: Broad, flat, linear and alternate leaves, up to 2.5cm wide.

[view all information]

Guelder Rose

Flower: 5 white petals, the outer ones being larger than the inner ones. Flowers appear in flat-topped clusters which resemble umbels. Fruit: Drooping clusters of scarlet red berries. Leaves: A deciduous shrub with similar-looking leaves to Maple. The leaves are deeply-lobed with 3 to 5 lobes. The leaves turn orange or red in autumn.

[view all information]

Gypsywort

Flower: White, purple-dotted and appearing in whorls from the bases of the upper leaves. 4 petals. Fruit: A dry fruit (schizocarp) in 4 parts. Leaves: Oval leaves in opposite pairs along the erect stem. The leaves are mostly stalked and have deeply serrated margins. The leaves sometimes turn red or purple in autumn.

[view all information]

Giant Hogweed

Flower: Enormous white umbel spreading to 1m wide. Fruit: Green, dry, oval to elliptical fruit, up to 1cm across. The fruit later turns brown. Leaves: Very large and deeply lobed with jagged teeth. The leaves are divided into 3 parts and can be as large as 1 metre across.

[view all information]

Japanese Knotweed

Flower: Small and white, 5 petals. Forming branched spikes at the bases of the upper leaves. Fruit: 3-angled seeds contained within a white winged papery encasing. Ripens around September. Leaves: The leaves can grow as large as 40cm long and 25cm wide. They grow alternate along the stems and are heart-shaped, toothless and have pointed tips. The young leaves are dark red. As the leaves being t...

[view all information]

Lady's-mantle

Flower: Tiny petalless flowers clustered together loosely with 4 yellowish-green sepals and yellow anthers. Fruit: A small and insignificant, dry achene. Leaves: The pale green, long-stalked, scallop-shaped leaves are soft and hairy. The size of the leaves vary depending on the exact species.

[view all information]

Yellow Loosestrife

Flower: Golden yellow cup-shaped flowers, 5 petals. Fruit: A shiny, globular capsule. Leaves: Evergreen. The light green, broadly linear, unstalked leaves are borne either in opposite pairs or in whorls of 3 or 4. Black or orange dotted. Hairy underneath.

[view all information]

White Melilot

Flower: White spikes of pea-like flowers. Fruit: 1 to 2 seeded pod. Dark brown, wrinkled, hairless, up to 5mm long. Leaves: Pinnate leaves with 3 leaflets. The stalked leaflets have serrated margins.

[view all information]

Toad Rush

Flower: Tiny star-shaped flowers with 6 tepals and thinly scattered. Forked inflorescence with some flowers located at the tips of the branches. Fruit: A 3-valved capsule with many seeds inside. Leaves: Clump-forming. Very slender stems, grass-like and either unbranched or branched at the base.

[view all information]

1
2