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Arrow Bamboo

Pseudosasa japonica

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Plant Profile

Poaceae (Grass)
Also in this family:
Alpine Catstail, Alpine Foxtail, Alpine Meadow-grass, Annual Beard-grass, Annual Meadow-grass, Barren Brome Grass, Bearded Couch Grass, Bearded Fescue, Bermuda Grass, Black Bent, Black Grass, Blue Fescue, Blue Moor-grass, Bog Hair-grass, Borrer's Saltmarsh Grass, Bread Wheat, Bristle Bent, Brown Bent, Brown Sedge, Bulbous Foxtail, Bulbous Meadow-grass, California Brome Grass, Canary Grass, Carnation Sedge, Cocksfoot, Cockspur, Common Bent, Common Cord-grass, Common Millet, Common Reed, Common Saltmarsh Grass, Compact Brome Grass, Corn, Couch Grass, Creeping Bent, Creeping Soft-grass, Crested Dog's-tail, Crested Hair-grass, Cultivated Oat, Curved Hard Grass, Cut Grass, Dense Silky Bent, Downy Oat-grass, Drooping Brome Grass, Drooping Tor Grass, Dune Fescue, Early Hair-grass, Early Meadow-grass, Early Sand-grass, False Brome Grass, False Oat-grass, Fern Grass, Fine-leaved Sheep's Fescue, Flattened Meadow-grass, Floating Sweet-grass, Foxtail Barley, French Oat, Giant Fescue, Glaucous Meadow-grass, Great Brome Grass, Greater Quaking Grass, Grey Hair-grass, Hairy Brome Grass, Hairy Finger-grass, Hard Fescue, Hard Grass, Harestail Grass, Heath Grass, Holy Grass, Hybrid Marram Grass, Italian Rye Grass, Knotroot Bristlegrass, Lesser Hairy Brome Grass, Lesser Quaking Grass, Loose Silky Bent, Lyme Grass, Marram Grass, Marsh Foxtail, Mat Grass, Mat-grass Fescue, Meadow Barley, Meadow Fescue, Meadow Foxtail, Meadow Oat-grass, Mountain Melick, Narrow-leaved Meadow-grass, Narrow-leaved Small-reed, Neglected Couch Grass, Nit Grass, Orange Foxtail, Pampas Grass, Perennial Rye Grass, Plicate Sweet-grass, Purple Moor-grass, Purple Small-reed, Purple-stem Catstail, Quaking Grass, Ratstail Fescue, Red Fescue, Reed Canary Grass, Reed Sweet-grass, Reflexed Saltmarsh Grass, Rescue Grass, Rough Meadow-grass, Rush-leaved Fescue, Sand Catstail, Sand Couch Grass, Scandinavian Small-reed, Scottish Small-reed, Sea Barley, Sea Couch Grass, Sea Fern Grass, Sheep's Fescue, Silver Hair-grass, Six-rowed Barley, Slender Brome Grass, Small Cord-grass, Small Sweet-grass, Smaller Catstail, Smooth Brome Grass, Smooth Cord-grass, Smooth Finger-grass, Smooth Meadow-grass, Soft Brome Grass, Somerset Hair-grass, Sorghum, Spreading Meadow-grass, Squirreltail Fescue, Stiff Brome Grass, Stiff Saltmarsh Grass, Sweet Vernal Grass, Tall Fescue, Timothy Grass, Tor Grass, Tufted Hair-grass, Two-rowed Barley, Upright Brome Grass, Velvet Bent, Viviparous Fescue, Wall Barley, Wavy Hair-grass, Wavy Meadow-grass, Whorl Grass, Wild Oat, Wood Barley, Wood Fescue, Wood Meadow-grass, Wood Melick, Wood Millet, Yellow Oat-grass, Yorkshire Fog
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
6 metres tall
Gardens, parks, riversides, waterside, woodland.
The flowers are never seen in the British Isles. Wind pollinated.
Never seen in fruit.
An evergreen perennial plant with large, long, linear, pointed, dark green, grass-like leaves. The stems are cane-like in appearance. Occasionally seen as a garden escape species growing wild in the UK.
Not fragrant.
Other Names:
Japanese Arrow Bamboo, Metake.
Frequency (UK):
Occasionally seen  

Other Information


Pseudosasa japonica, also known as the Japanese arrow bamboo or hardy bamboo, is a species of bamboo native to Japan and Korea. It is a popular landscaping plant that is known for its tall, upright growth habit and attractive, green culms (stems). Pseudosasa japonica is a clump-forming bamboo that spreads slowly, making it well suited to small gardens and patio containers. It can reach heights of up to 6 meters (20 feet) and has culms that are up to 3.5 centimeters (1.5 inches) in diameter. The leaves of Pseudosasa japonica are long and narrow, and the plant produces small, inconspicuous flowers that are followed by small, black berries. Pseudosasa japonica is hardy and tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions, making it a popular choice for gardeners in many different climates.


Arrow Bamboo, also known as Pseudosasa japonica, is a species of bamboo that is native to Japan and China. It is known for its tall, straight, and slender culms, which resemble arrows. This bamboo is also known for its thick leaves, which provide a lush, tropical look to any landscape.

One of the most appealing features of Arrow Bamboo is its ability to grow quickly and reach heights of up to 30 feet. This makes it a popular choice for privacy screens, windbreaks, and other landscaping applications. It can also be used for erosion control on slopes and hillsides.

Arrow Bamboo is also known for its hardiness, making it a great choice for growing in a variety of conditions. It can tolerate a wide range of temperatures and can be grown in both full sun and partial shade. It is also drought-tolerant and can be grown in well-draining soils.

This bamboo is relatively easy to care for, making it a popular choice for both experienced gardeners and beginners. It requires regular watering and fertilization during the growing season, but once established, it can be relatively low maintenance.

One thing to keep in mind when growing Arrow Bamboo is that it can be invasive, so it is important to plant it in a container or in a designated area of the yard to keep it from spreading too much.

Overall, Arrow Bamboo is a great choice for anyone looking to add a tropical feel to their landscape. With its tall, straight culms and lush leaves, it is sure to add beauty and elegance to any yard. Its fast growth rate and hardiness make it a great choice for a variety of landscaping applications and easy to care for.

Another benefit of Arrow Bamboo is its versatility in terms of design and style. Its tall and slender culms can be used as a focal point in a garden, or it can be used to create a natural barrier or privacy screen. Its lush foliage can also be used to create a tropical feel in a garden. It can be used as a hedge, screen, or even as a focal point in a rock garden. Its versatility makes it a great choice for both residential and commercial properties.

Arrow Bamboo also has a variety of uses beyond landscaping. Its culms can be used for construction, furniture, and even for making crafts and household items. Its leaves can also be used in cooking, as they are edible and are used in Asian cuisine.

Arrow Bamboo is also a great choice for eco-friendly landscaping. As a fast-growing and renewable resource, it can be used to create a sustainable landscape. It is also low maintenance, which means it requires less energy and resources to maintain.

Another aspect to consider when growing Arrow Bamboo is its propagation. This bamboo species can be propagated through rhizome division or through culm cuttings. Rhizome division is the process of separating the rhizomes of the bamboo plant and planting them separately. This is a great option for those who want to quickly expand their bamboo grove. Culm cuttings, on the other hand, involve taking a cutting from the culm of the bamboo plant and planting it. This method is slower than rhizome division, but it allows for more control over the size and shape of the bamboo grove.

It's also worth noting that Arrow Bamboo can be grown in a pot as long as the pot is large enough and has a good drainage system. This is a great option for those who want to grow it in a small space or for those who want to move it around. However, it's important to keep in mind that bamboo grown in a pot will be smaller than those grown in the ground and will require more frequent watering and fertilization.

When it comes to pests and diseases, Arrow Bamboo is relatively resistant. However, it can be affected by pests such as bamboo mites, bamboo beetles and bamboo borers. These pests can cause damage to the leaves and culms of the bamboo plant. To prevent pests and diseases, it's important to provide the bamboo with proper care and maintenance. This includes regular watering, fertilization, and pruning.

In summary, Arrow Bamboo is a beautiful and versatile bamboo species that is well-suited for a wide range of landscaping applications. It's easy to care for, fast-growing, and hardy, making it a popular choice for both experienced gardeners and beginners. It's also great for eco-friendly landscaping and has a variety of uses beyond landscaping. Propagation can be done through rhizome division or culm cuttings and can be grown in pots as well. It's important to be aware of potential pests and diseases and provide proper care and maintenance to keep the bamboo healthy.


Arrow Bamboo filmed at Duxbury, Lancashire on the 15th January 2023.


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