Habitat: Saltmarshes

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Showing 1-25 of 105 records

Sea Arrowgrass

Flower: Tall narrow spike of green flowers on a long stem, 3 petals. Fruit: Green, stalked and oblong. Leaves: Long and grass-like. Similar to Marsh Arrow-grass but the leaves are unfurrowed and broader.

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Marsh Arrowgrass

Flower: A flower spike. The green flowers have purple edges. Individual flowers are up to 3mm wide. Flowers have 3 petals and 6 stamens. Fruit: Narrow, erect and arrow-like. Leaves: Long and grass-like leaves with deep grooves.

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Narrow-leaved Arrowhead

Flower: Whorls of white flowers are produced. Fruit: Globular-shaped fruit. Leaves: The leaves are narrow and linear. Floating and submerged leaves are present. There are no aerial leaves. Perennial.

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Canadian Arrowhead

Flower: Flowers are in whorls of 3, each measuring approximately 1 inch across. The petals are white, tinged pink. 6 or more stamens. Pollinated by insects. Fruit: Globular fruit covered in hooked seeds. The fruit turns reddish as the seeds mature. Leaves: An aquatic perennial with submerged, broadly elliptical, long-stalked leaves, tapering to a point.

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Sea Aster

Flower: Pale blue/purple, sometimes white or yellow. The flower consists of 5 stamens and 2 carpels. Fruit: A flattened, hairy yellow-brown fruit. Leaves: A biennial or perennial plant with thin, dark green leaves. The leaves have a prominent central vein. Similar-looking to a Michaelmas Daisy.

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Sea Barley

Flower: The spike is a maximum of 5cm in length. It has stiff, strongly spreading awns, up to 2.5cm long. Fruit: The fruit is a caryopsis. A caryopsis is a type of dry, one-seeded fruit. Leaves: An tufted, erect, annual species with glaucous, velvety leaves.

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Sea Beet

Flower: Slender green spike of tiny petalless flowers, sometimes turning red. Fruit: The flowers form hard clusters at their bases which then turn into the multi-seeded fruit. Leaves: Dark green, wavy, leathery and shiny. The lower leaves are larger, have very curly edges and are triangular in shape. The upper leaves are narrower than the lower.

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Creeping Bent

Flower: Clusters of flower spikelets, usually awned. Spikelets have only one floret. Often purplish. Similar in appearance to Common Bent (Agrostis capillaris) but its flowerheads are less open. Wind pollinat... Fruit: A brown caryopsis (a type of dry one-seeded fruit). Leaves: A perennial grass with creeping runners. Flat leaves with long pointed ligules. Abundant all over the British Isles.

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Black Bog-rush

Flower: Small, dark brown, flattened spikelets. Fruit: An achene surrounded by a hard white coating. Leaves: Thread-like, unbranched, erect and grows in tight clumps straight out of the ground. The leaves have inrolled margins.

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Knotroot Bristlegrass

Flower: Compact green spike reaching a maximum of 10cm in length, each spikelet is surrounded by yellowish-purple bristles. Flowers in my opinion look like hairy caterpillars. Fruit: Oval seeds in autumn and early winter. Leaves: The stiff, flat leaf blades are up to 25cm long and no wider than 1cm.

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Brookweed

Flower: Flower spikes (racemes). Each flower has an inward bending long stalk and is about 2 to 4mm across. The bend in the stalk has a tiny, pointed bract. Triangular but blunt-pointed sepals. Orange heart-s... Fruit: Green globular fruit capsules containing many reddish-brown seeds. The seeds ripen from July to August. Leaves: A hairless, normally unbranched flower with pale green, fleshy, upright, spoon-shaped leaves. The oval leaves remain close to the stems. The basal leaves are the largest. The stem leaves are alternate...

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Buttonweed

Flower: Solitary, bright yellow flowers positioned on top of erect stems. The flowers are button-like in appearance. Flowers measure about 8mm across. Insect pollinated. Fruit: A winged seed. Leaves: Variable, yellowish-green leaves. Leaves range from broad-linear to deeply divided. The leaves are arranged alternately along the stems. Reddish, succulent stems. Patch-forming, hairless perennial.

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Wild Celery

Flower: The creamy-white flowers are produced in compact umbels, approximately 4cm wide. Flowers do not have upper or lower bracts. Pollinated by flies. Fruit: Green, rectangular in cross-section fruits, slightly grooved. The globular seeds are about 2mm in diameter. The seeds ripen in August and September. Leaves: The leaves are 1-pinnate and yellowish-green. The leaflets are large-toothed. The upper leaves are trefoil. Fluted, celery-like stems. Grows in brackish places, usually around the coast. Biennial or s...

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Seaside Centaury

Flower: Tight clusters of pink flowers. Occasionally a white flower may be seen. Similar in appearance to Common Centaury (Centaurium erythraea) but is a smaller plant and the flowers are more bluish-pink. Le... Fruit: A 2-sectioned seed capsule. Leaves: An erect plant with stalkless, leathery, smooth and hairless, strap-shaped leaves. The leaves are parallel sided (a distinguishing feature), rather unlike other species of Centaury found in the UK. Ba...

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Yellow Centaury

Flower: Yellow Centaury is late flowering in the year. Unlike other UK Centaury species, the Yellow Centaury has only 4 petals and has yellow flowers. The solitary flowers only open in sunshine and measure be... Fruit: A long and slender, many-seeded fruit capsule. Leaves: An erect and slender annual flower with scarcely branched stems. The narrow, pointed leaves are slender and untoothed. Most often encountered on heathland near the coast, in particular on bare sandy o...

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Strawberry Clover

Flower: Flowerheads are densely packed with pink or light red, stalkless pea-shaped flowers. The flowers turn darker throughout the growing season. Fruit: Seedpod containing either 1 or 2 brown seeds. The seeds are similar shaped to kidney beans. Leaves: A perennial herb with compound serrated leaves. 3 leaflets. Similar to White Clover but smaller and with thicker bent back veins. The leaves are long-stalked and leaf tips are notched.

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Sea Clover

Flower: Compact pale pink, oval flowerheads, up to 2cm across. Flowers each measure about 7 to 9mm across. There are a pair of leaves at the base of each flowerhead. Similar in appearance to a small Red Clove... Fruit: The fruit is a single-seeded pod. In fruit the teeth of the sepals spread outwards. Leaves: An erect annual flower with trefoil leaves. The leaflets are toothed. Narrow stipules. Rarely found growing inland.

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Grey Club-rush

Flower: Reddish-brown. Long, narrow, arching or drooping branches consisting of spikelets. 2 styles per flower. Red-dotted glumes. Fruit: A brown, 3-sided nutlet. Leaves: Greyish stems. All leaves are strap-like, basal and submerged. Perennial, aquatic.

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Bristle Club-rush

Flower: A purplish-brown, solitary, oval or egg-shaped flowerhead situated on top of a leafless stem. Fruit: A dark brown or blackish nut. Leaves: Thread-like leaves that appear in pairs at the base of the plant. Perennial.

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Common Cord-grass

Flower: Overlapping spikelets in 2 rows of the grass stem. Fruit: Seeds, but only present on one side of the flower stalk. Leaves: Yellow-green pointed leaf blades, up to 45cm long and 1.5cm wide. Clustered at the base and alternate up the stems. The leaves are entire and often with their margins rolled inwards.

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Small Cord-grass

Flower: 2 or 3 spikes, shorter than those of the very similar looking Common Cord-grass (Spartina anglica). The flowers turn brown by wintertime. Flowers appear on both sides of the stem. Fruit: The fruit is a caryopsis. Leaves: A perennial species with green or purplish leaves, turning light brown in autumn and winter. The leaves are narrower than those of Common Cord-grass, up to 1cm wide and 40cm long, tapering to a point.

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Smooth Cord-grass

Flower: Yellowish-green flowers, slowly fading to brown later in the year. Spikelets are one-flowered and appear in clusters of 3 to 6 erect narrow spikes. The uppermost spike ends in a long bristle. Fruit: The fruit is a caryopsis which is a kind of dry, one-seeded fruit. Leaves: Long, linear, yellowish-green leaves which are 1.5cm (0.5 inches) broad at their bases, tapering into a point at their ends.

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Hoary Cress

Flower: Loose clusters of small white flowers. Each flower is up to 6mm across. The petals are roughly double the length of the sepals. Fruit: Flattened, kidney-shaped, net-veined pod with a projecting style. Leaves: An unkempt, erect, hairless perennial. Long, narrow, greyish-green leaves. Can be toothed or untoothed, most are toothed. The topmost leaves clasp the stems. The leaves are alternate and simple.

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Purple Dewplant

Flower: Reddish-purple flowers (white-centred), daisy-like in appearance, up to 5cm (2 inches) in diameter. 5 pale yellow stigmas. The petals recurve backwards. Fruit: The fruit is a red, egg-shaped berry, up to 1.2cm across. Soft at first, later becoming hard and dry. Leaves: A semi-woody perennial with dark green, thick, blunt and succulent leaves. The leaves are round in cross-section, unlike those of Hottentot-fig and Sally-my-handsome.

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Dittander

Flower: Clusters of small white flowers. Flowers each measure 2 to 3mm across. The sepals are white-edged. Insect pollinated. Fruit: Rounded pods, not notched. The seeds ripen in July and August. Leaves: A greyish, perennial species of pepperwort. The leaves are broadly lance-shaped and toothed. Can be found on bare ground and in saltmarshes near the sea.

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