Habitat: Saltmarshes

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Showing 1-20 of 20 records

Sea Arrowgrass

Flower: Tall narrow spike of green flowers on a long stem, 3 petals. Fruit: Green, stalked and oblong. Leaves: Long and grass-like. Similar to Marsh Arrow-grass but the leaves are unfurrowed and broader.

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Marsh Arrowgrass

Flower: A flower spike. The green flowers have purple edges. Individual flowers are up to 3mm wide. Flowers have 3 petals and 6 stamens. Fruit: Narrow, erect and arrow-like. Leaves: Long and grass-like leaves with deep grooves.

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Sea Beet

Flower: Slender green spike of tiny petalless flowers, sometimes turning red. Fruit: The flowers form hard clusters at their bases which then turn into the multi-seeded fruit. Leaves: Dark green, wavy, leathery and shiny. The lower leaves are larger, have very curly edges and are triangular in shape. The upper leaves are narrower than the lower.

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Black Bog-rush

Flower: Small, dark brown, flattened spikelets. Fruit: An achene surrounded by a hard white coating. Leaves: Thread-like, unbranched, erect and grows in tight clumps straight out of the ground. The leaves have inrolled margins.

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Knotroot Bristlegrass

Flower: Compact green spike reaching a maximum of 10cm in length, each spikelet is surrounded by yellowish-purple bristles. Flowers in my opinion look like hairy caterpillars. Fruit: Oval seeds in autumn and early winter. Leaves: The stiff, flat leaf blades are up to 25cm long and no wider than 1cm.

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Common Cord-grass

Flower: Overlapping spikelets in 2 rows of the grass stem. Fruit: Seeds, but only present on one side of the flower stalk. Leaves: Yellow-green pointed leaf blades, up to 45cm long and 1.5cm wide. Clustered at the base and alternate up the stems. The leaves are entire and often with their margins rolled inwards.

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Fox and Cubs

Flower: One of very few orange flowers in our countryside. Flowers are borne in clusters, paler in their centres. Attracts many insects, such as hoverflies. Fruit: An achene, 3mm long and 1mm wide. Leaves: Bluish-green lanceolate basal leaves. Just a few leaves exist along the stems. The leaves are covered in short, dark, bristly hairs. In fact the entire plant is covered in these hairs.

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Common Glasswort

Flower: Tiny, green, yellow anthers, usually in groups of 3 up the stem, the central one being the largest. Fruit: Succulent, fleshy one-seeded fruit. Leaves: This plant looks a lot like asparagus in my personal opinion. The translucent leaves consist of many succulent, scale-like segments. They are arranged in opposite pairs, fused to envelop the stems. Th...

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Common Orache

Flower: Slender, open, leafy, greenish, spike-like panicles. Fruit: A seed fused inside two diamond-shaped to triangular bracteoles. Leaves: Opposite, alternate leaves. Narrow, untoothed or almost toothless. Not hairy.

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Buck's-horn Plantain

Flower: 2-4cm dense unbranched greenish-brown spikes. Yellow anthers. Fruit: A membranous fruit capsule, containing anything up to 5 seeds. Leaves: The name of this plant is derived from the shape of its leaves. They are said to resemble deer's antlers. The leaves are pale green, lance-shaped, up to 25cm long and 2.5cm wide. The leaf veins (3 to ...

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Sea Plantain

Flower: Dense brownish-green spikes, 6-8cm, on unfurrowed stalks. Yellow anthers. Fruit: An ovoid capsule containing 2 to 4 seeds. Leaves: Smooth, linear and lance-shaped. Entire leaf margins or slightly toothed. The leaves can be anything up to 20cm long (8 inches).

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Common Reed

Flower: Purple spikelets composed of 1-6 flowers each. Fruit: Numerous light brown seeds are produced in compact clusters on the flowering plumes. Leaves: Very long leaves for a grass. The leaf blades can be up to 3cm wide.

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Common Restharrow

Flower: Pink pea-like flowers borne in leafy spikes. Fruit: A linear seed pod (legume) containing 1 to 3 seeds. Leaves: The leaves are stalked and alternately arranged along the stems. They are compound leaves with 1 to 3 serrated, round to elliptical leaflets. The terminal leaflet is stalked. Large stipules are presen...

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Japanese Rose

Flower: Bright pink or purple solitary flowers, 5 petals. Fruit: Bright red fruit, known as rosehips, up to 2.5cm in diameter. Leaves: A deciduous scrambling shrub. Dark green, pinnate leaves that are ridged above and pale and downy beneath, up to 15cm long. There are between 5 and 9 leaflets with serrated margins. Each leaflet is up...

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Soft Rush

Flower: Tight clusters of tiny greenish-brown flowers, one cluster per stem near to the top. Fruit: An oval capsule containing numerous seeds. Leaves: Thin, linear, wire-like leaves, tapering to a point with the flowers/fruit near the top.

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Danish Scurvygrass

Flower: Clustered. White with 4 petals and 6 yellow stamens. Fruit: A broad, ovoid seed pod. Leaves: Simple, stalked leaves which alternate along the stem. The leaves are ivy-like but with heart-shaped bases.

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Common Sea-lavendar

Flower: Leafless branched spikes of tiny mauve flowers. Fruit: A small fruit capsule, containing one seed and enclosed in the papery calyx. Leaves: Deciduous. Elliptical to broadly linear leaves. The leaf veins are pinnate.

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Lesser Sea-spurrey

Flower: 5 pink petals whitening towards the centre. Distinguishable from Greater Sea-spurrey in that it has longer sepals than petals, and that it bears smaller, pinker flowers. Fruit: A brown oval pod, up to 6mm long. Many-seeded. Leaves: Linear, fleshy leaves, in opposite pairs, up to 4cm long.

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Silverweed

Flower: Solitary, stalked bright yellow flowers with 5 petals, 2cm across. Fruit: Clusters of dry nutlets (achenes). Leaves: All of the leaves are basal leaves. They are divided into 5 to 17 sharply-toothed, oval leaflets. The leaves have a silvery sheen on their undersides. The leaves are up to 20cm long.

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Thrift

Flower: Clusters of tight globular pink flowerheads. Individual flowers are tiny and have 5 petals. At the top of each unbranched flowerstalk there exists a papery brown bract. Fruit: A one-seeded, brown fruit capsule. Leaves: Mat-forming. Grass-like, stiff, compact, fleshy, upright, linear leaves.

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