Habitat: Saltmarshes

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Showing 1-25 of 30 records

Sea Arrowgrass

Flower: Tall narrow spike of green flowers on a long stem, 3 petals. Fruit: Green, stalked and oblong. Leaves: Long and grass-like. Similar to Marsh Arrow-grass but the leaves are unfurrowed and broader.

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Marsh Arrowgrass

Flower: A flower spike. The green flowers have purple edges. Individual flowers are up to 3mm wide. Flowers have 3 petals and 6 stamens. Fruit: Narrow, erect and arrow-like. Leaves: Long and grass-like leaves with deep grooves.

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Sea Aster

Flower: Pale blue/purple, sometimes white or yellow. The flower consists of 5 stamens and 2 carpels. Fruit: A flattened, hairy yellow-brown fruit. Leaves: A biennial or perennial plant with thin, dark green leaves. The leaves have a prominent central vein. Similar-looking to a Michaelmas Daisy.

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Sea Beet

Flower: Slender green spike of tiny petalless flowers, sometimes turning red. Fruit: The flowers form hard clusters at their bases which then turn into the multi-seeded fruit. Leaves: Dark green, wavy, leathery and shiny. The lower leaves are larger, have very curly edges and are triangular in shape. The upper leaves are narrower than the lower.

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Black Bog-rush

Flower: Small, dark brown, flattened spikelets. Fruit: An achene surrounded by a hard white coating. Leaves: Thread-like, unbranched, erect and grows in tight clumps straight out of the ground. The leaves have inrolled margins.

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Knotroot Bristlegrass

Flower: Compact green spike reaching a maximum of 10cm in length, each spikelet is surrounded by yellowish-purple bristles. Flowers in my opinion look like hairy caterpillars. Fruit: Oval seeds in autumn and early winter. Leaves: The stiff, flat leaf blades are up to 25cm long and no wider than 1cm.

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Buttonweed

Flower: Solitary, bright yellow flowers positioned on top of erect stems. The flowers are button-like in appearance. Flowers measure about 8mm across. Insect pollinated. Fruit: A winged seed. Leaves: Variable, yellowish-green leaves. Leaves range from broad-linear to deeply divided. The leaves are arranged alternately along the stems. Reddish, succulent stems. Patch-forming, hairless perennial.

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Seaside Centaury

Flower: Tight clusters of pink flowers. Occasionally a white flower may be seen. Similar in appearance to Common Centaury (Centaurium erythraea) but is a smaller plant and the flowers are more bluish-pink. Le... Fruit: A 2-sectioned seed capsule. Leaves: An erect plant with stalkless, leathery, smooth and hairless, strap-shaped leaves. The leaves are parallel sided (a distinguishing feature), rather unlike other species of Centaury found in the UK. Ba...

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Grey Club-rush

Flower: Reddish-brown. Long, narrow, arching or drooping branches consisting of spikelets. 2 styles per flower. Red-dotted glumes. Fruit: A brown, 3-sided nutlet. Leaves: Greyish stems. All leaves are strap-like, basal and submerged. Perennial, aquatic.

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Common Cord-grass

Flower: Overlapping spikelets in 2 rows of the grass stem. Fruit: Seeds, but only present on one side of the flower stalk. Leaves: Yellow-green pointed leaf blades, up to 45cm long and 1.5cm wide. Clustered at the base and alternate up the stems. The leaves are entire and often with their margins rolled inwards.

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Fox and Cubs

Flower: One of very few orange flowers in our countryside. Flowers are borne in clusters, paler in their centres. Attracts many insects, such as hoverflies. Fruit: An achene, 3mm long and 1mm wide. Leaves: Bluish-green lanceolate basal leaves. Just a few leaves exist along the stems. The leaves are covered in short, dark, bristly hairs. In fact the entire plant is covered in these hairs.

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Common Glasswort

Flower: Tiny, green, yellow anthers, usually in groups of 3 up the stem, the central one being the largest. Fruit: Succulent, fleshy one-seeded fruit. Leaves: This plant looks a lot like asparagus in my personal opinion. The translucent leaves consist of many succulent, scale-like segments. They are arranged in opposite pairs, fused to envelop the stems. Th...

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Common Orache

Flower: Slender, open, leafy, greenish, spike-like panicles. Fruit: A seed fused inside two diamond-shaped to triangular bracteoles. Leaves: Opposite, alternate leaves. Narrow, untoothed or almost toothless. Not hairy.

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Buck's-horn Plantain

Flower: 2-4cm dense unbranched greenish-brown spikes. Yellow anthers. Fruit: A membranous fruit capsule, containing anything up to 5 seeds. Leaves: The name of this plant is derived from the shape of its leaves. They are said to resemble deer's antlers. The leaves are pale green, lance-shaped, up to 25cm long and 2.5cm wide. The leaf veins (3 to ...

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Sea Plantain

Flower: Dense brownish-green spikes, 6-8cm, on unfurrowed stalks. Yellow anthers. Fruit: An ovoid capsule containing 2 to 4 seeds. Leaves: Smooth, linear and lance-shaped. Entire leaf margins or slightly toothed. The leaves can be anything up to 20cm long (8 inches).

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Sea Purslane

Flower: Slender flower spikes with flowers arranged inside small, dense clusters. Yellow stamens. Wind pollinated. Fruit: 3-lobed triangular fruit, up to 4 centimetres long. Seeds are dark brown. Leaves: A sprawling perennial undershrub. Fleshy, succulent, oblong and greyish leaves. The leaves taper at their bases and rarely have teeth.

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Common Reed

Flower: Purple spikelets composed of 1-6 flowers each. Fruit: Numerous light brown seeds are produced in compact clusters on the flowering plumes. Leaves: Very long leaves for a grass. The leaf blades can be up to 3cm wide.

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Common Restharrow

Flower: Pink pea-like flowers borne in leafy spikes. Fruit: A linear seed pod (legume) containing 1 to 3 seeds. Leaves: The leaves are stalked and alternately arranged along the stems. They are compound leaves with 1 to 3 serrated, round to elliptical leaflets. The terminal leaflet is stalked. Large stipules are presen...

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Japanese Rose

Flower: Bright pink or purple solitary flowers, 5 petals. Fruit: Bright red fruit, known as rosehips, up to 2.5cm in diameter. Leaves: A deciduous scrambling shrub. Dark green, pinnate leaves that are ridged above and pale and downy beneath, up to 15cm long. There are between 5 and 9 leaflets with serrated margins. Each leaflet is up...

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Soft Rush

Flower: Tight clusters of tiny greenish-brown flowers, one cluster per stem near to the top. Fruit: An oval capsule containing numerous seeds. Leaves: Thin, linear, wire-like leaves, tapering to a point with the flowers/fruit near the top.

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Sea Rush

Flower: Flowers have long sharp-pointed bracts, extending well past the top of the flowers themselves. Fruit: Brownish-green, bluntly pointed capsule. Leaves: Sharply pointed.

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Danish Scurvygrass

Flower: Clustered. White with 4 petals and 6 yellow stamens. Fruit: A broad, ovoid seed pod. Leaves: Simple, stalked leaves which alternate along the stem. The leaves are ivy-like but with heart-shaped bases.

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Annual Seablite

Flower: The flowers are situated in groups of 1 to 3 in the axil's of the upper leaves. They are minute and green or purplish. 5 sepals and no petals. Fruit: Fairly insignificant. A dry seed encased in a pericarp. Leaves: A hairless, erect annual coastal flower. The succulent leaves are short, cylindrical and pointed. They turn reddish-purple later in the year.

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Common Sea-lavender

Flower: Leafless branched spikes of tiny mauve flowers. Fruit: A small fruit capsule, containing one seed and enclosed in the papery calyx. Leaves: Deciduous. Elliptical to broadly linear leaves. The leaf veins are pinnate.

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Lax-flowered Sea-lavender

Flower: Loosely spread, lilac or lavendar-coloured papery flowers, each measuring up to 7mm across. The similar-looking and much more common Common Sea-lavendar (Limonium vulgare) does not have flowers which ... Fruit: A small, single-seeded capsule. Leaves: Narrow, untoothed leaves. Long-stalked. Differs from Common Sea-lavendar in that its stems are often angled and the leaves are narrower.

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