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European Larch

Larix decidua

Plant Data

Order:
Pinales
Family:
Pinaceae (Pine)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
Male flowers with cream-coloured anthers in globular clusters appear underneath the shoots. Female flowers look like pinkish-red cones and are situated between the young larch needles. Female flowers are sometimes called 'Larch Roses'. Wind pollinated.
Fruit:
The female flowers eventually become the fruit which is a brown cone. The cones have hollow tops and grow as large as 4cm. The scales of the cones open to shed the winged seeds.
Leaves:
Central Europe's only deciduous coniferous tree. The light green leaves are needle-like, up to 4cm in length. They grow out in clumps from the twigs. At the base of each clump is a woody knob in which the leaves grow out from.
Maximum Size:
45 meters tall.
Foraging Notes:
The inner bark can be eaten raw.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Aroma:
Needles smell like freshly mown grass with a slightly resinous hint of pine.
Other Names:
Common Larch.
Habitats:
Mountains, roadsides, woodland.