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Cedrus libani

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Pinaceae (Pine)
Evergreen tree
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
40 metres tall
Mountains, parks.

Green, many petals
Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani) flowers are small, yellowish-green and occur in dense clusters along the branches of the tree. The flowers are unisexual, with male and female flowers on different trees. The male flowers are small, oval-shaped and have a strong, sweet scent, while the female flowers are larger, oval-shaped and have no scent. The flowers are wind pollinated and the fruit of the tree is an edible, but bitter, cone.
Cedar of Lebanon cones are the seeds of the Cedrus libani tree, which is native to the mountains of Lebanon and Syria. They are small and narrow cones that are brown in color and measure between 1-2 inches (2.5-5 cm) in length. The cones have woody scales that are tightly pressed together, and when ripe, they open to release seeds. The cones are usually harvested in the late summer and early autumn.
The leaves of the Cedar of Lebanon are dark green and spiny, with a sharp point at the end. The leaves are broad at the base and taper to a point and are arranged in clusters. The underside of the leaves is a pale green or yellowish color and the edges are often slightly curled.
The aroma of a cedar of Lebanon is a deep, woody scent that carries a hint of citrus and a faint resinous sweetness. It is a beautiful and sophisticated aroma that evokes a sense of warmth, comfort, and sophistication.
Other Names:
Cedar of the Bible, Lebanon Cedar, Sacred Cedar, True Cedar.
Frequency (UK):

Other Information


The Cedar of Lebanon is a species of coniferous tree native to the eastern Mediterranean region. It is an evergreen tree, reaching heights of up to 40 meters tall, and is prized for its timber. Cedar of Lebanon is one of the oldest trees in the world, and is cited in many ancient texts such as the bible. Its timber is highly valued for its durability, and is used for a variety of purposes, including building construction, furniture making, and even boatbuilding. The oil from the Cedar of Lebanon's leaves has been used medicinally for centuries, and is still used today as an antiseptic. The tree is also an important source of food for birds and other animals.


The Cedar-of-Lebanon, also known as Cedrus Libani, is a majestic and ancient tree species that has captured the hearts and minds of people for thousands of years. This coniferous tree is native to the mountains of Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey and is famous for its beauty, strength, and durability. In this blog post, we will explore the fascinating history and significance of the Cedar-of-Lebanon.

The Cedar-of-Lebanon is a large evergreen tree that can grow up to 40 meters tall and 2 meters in diameter. It is easily recognized by its conical shape, thick trunk, and flat crown of branches. The tree has bluish-green needles that are arranged in clusters of 30 to 40, and its cones are large and barrel-shaped, reaching up to 12 cm in length. The Cedar-of-Lebanon is a slow-growing tree, with a lifespan of up to 1,000 years or more.

The Cedar-of-Lebanon has been revered by many cultures throughout history. The ancient Egyptians used Cedar-of-Lebanon wood for their sarcophagi, and it was also used in the construction of the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem. The Phoenicians used the wood for shipbuilding, and the Greeks and Romans used it for building structures such as the roofs of the Roman Colosseum. The Cedar-of-Lebanon also features prominently in the Bible, where it is mentioned more than 70 times.

The Cedar-of-Lebanon has also been used in traditional medicine for its numerous health benefits. The tree’s resin has antiseptic properties and has been used to treat skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis. The resin has also been used as a natural expectorant to help clear the respiratory system.

Unfortunately, the Cedar-of-Lebanon is now an endangered species, with only a few thousand trees remaining in the wild. Deforestation, overgrazing, and forest fires are the main threats to the species, and conservation efforts are underway to protect and restore its populations.

The Cedar-of-Lebanon has also played an important role in the economy of the countries where it is native. The wood is highly valued for its durability, resistance to decay, and beautiful texture. It has been used for furniture, carvings, and other decorative items, as well as for construction and shipbuilding. The wood is also prized for its unique aroma, which is said to repel insects and moths.

In addition to its cultural and economic significance, the Cedar-of-Lebanon has important ecological functions. The trees provide habitat for numerous species of birds and animals, and their deep roots help prevent erosion and stabilize steep slopes. The Cedar-of-Lebanon also plays a role in the water cycle, as it absorbs water from the soil and releases it into the atmosphere through transpiration.

Conservation efforts for the Cedar-of-Lebanon include protection of existing populations, reforestation programs, and education and awareness campaigns. The Lebanese government has established protected areas and national parks to safeguard the remaining Cedar-of-Lebanon forests, and efforts are underway to restore degraded habitats and improve forest management practices. Non-governmental organizations and community groups are also involved in conservation efforts, working to raise awareness and promote sustainable forestry practices.

The Cedar-of-Lebanon also holds spiritual significance for many people. The tree is often mentioned in religious texts and is considered a symbol of strength, stability, and endurance. In Lebanon, the Cedar-of-Lebanon is the national emblem and is featured on the country’s flag, currency, and official seals.

The Cedar-of-Lebanon has also been the subject of scientific research, with studies exploring its genetic diversity, physiology, and ecology. Researchers have found that the trees are adapted to survive in harsh environments and can tolerate extreme temperatures, drought, and high levels of ultraviolet radiation. The trees also have unique chemical compounds that may have medicinal properties, such as antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents.

Despite its significance, the Cedar-of-Lebanon faces numerous threats to its survival. Climate change, invasive species, and habitat destruction all pose significant challenges to the species. In addition, the Cedar-of-Lebanon is vulnerable to pests and diseases, such as the Cedar Bark Beetle, which has caused widespread damage to Cedar-of-Lebanon forests in recent years.

To address these challenges, conservationists are working to increase awareness of the importance of the Cedar-of-Lebanon and its habitat, and to develop strategies for its long-term survival. Efforts include the development of disease-resistant tree strains, the implementation of sustainable forest management practices, and the establishment of protected areas and restoration programs.

The Cedar-of-Lebanon has been valued for its timber for thousands of years, and this has led to over-exploitation of the species. In ancient times, the timber was used to construct ships, temples, and palaces, and it was highly prized for its durability and resistance to decay. In more recent times, the demand for Cedar-of-Lebanon timber has led to illegal logging and unsustainable harvesting practices, which have contributed to the decline of the species.

To address this issue, there have been efforts to promote sustainable forestry practices and reduce the demand for Cedar-of-Lebanon timber. One example is the use of alternative materials, such as bamboo or fast-growing softwoods, for construction and furniture-making. Another approach is the certification of sustainable forestry practices, such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification, which ensures that timber is harvested in a responsible and sustainable manner.

Conservationists are also working to restore degraded Cedar-of-Lebanon habitats and increase the species' genetic diversity. One approach is to plant new trees and create corridors between existing Cedar-of-Lebanon populations to facilitate gene flow and increase genetic diversity. This can help the species adapt to changing environmental conditions and become more resilient to threats such as climate change and disease.

In addition to these efforts, there is a growing recognition of the importance of traditional ecological knowledge in the conservation of the Cedar-of-Lebanon. Local communities have a wealth of knowledge and experience in managing Cedar-of-Lebanon forests, and their involvement in conservation efforts can help ensure the long-term survival of the species.

In conclusion, the Cedar-of-Lebanon is a species of great importance, both culturally and ecologically. Its conservation requires a multi-faceted approach, involving sustainable forestry practices, habitat restoration, and the involvement of local communities. Through these efforts, we can help ensure the survival of this remarkable tree for generations to come.