Habitat: Towns

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Showing 1-15 of 162 records
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False Acacia

Flower: Cream-white, pea-like flowers. The flowers hang down in a loose spike and are similar in appearance to Laburnum but creamy-white and not yellow. Fruit: Brown pea-like pods, up to 4 inches long. Leaves: Deciduous. Dark green, pinnate leaves, up to 25cm in length. 3 to 9 pairs of blunt, oval leaflets. Leaflets are untoothed.

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Common Ash

Flower: Petalless with tufts of purple-to-black stamens which turn green later. Fruit: Numerous hanging winged seeds which form clusters. The fruits of this tree are often called 'keys'. Leaves: Deciduous. Britain's only native tree with opposite, pinnate leaves. Leaflets are dark green and toothed.

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Mountain Ash

Flower: The Mountain Ash, known for its stunning scarlet berries and delicate, creamy-white flowers, is a captivating sight in the British countryside. These elegant blossoms, often appearing in late spring to early summer, adorn the tree's branches with their soft, graceful petals. Their pristine beauty an... Fruit: The fruit of the Mountain Ash, distinguished by its vibrant red hue, is a distinctive feature of this iconic British tree. These glossy scarlet berries, often observed in abundance during the autumn season, create a striking contrast against the tree's green foliage. Their plump and inviting appeara... Leaves: The leaves of the Mountain Ash, commonly found in the United Kingdom, are characterized by their pinnate arrangement and finely serrated edges. Each leaflet is a lustrous dark green, imparting a rich, verdant canopy to the tree during the growing season. In the autumn, these leaves undergo a spectac...

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4

Aspen

Flower: Male and female catkins are green, and are borne on different trees. Both male and female catkins look alike, however later on the male catkins become dangly and the females remain firm. Fruit: Long hanging conical capsules develop on the catkins. Leaves: Deciduous. The stalked leaves of the Aspen are heart-shaped with wavy edges and have whitish undersides. Their shape causes them to shiver and tremble in the wind, giving the tree a distinctive quivering appearance which can be noticed from far away, even with the slightest of breezes. This is how t...

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3

Lemon Balm

Flower: Flower spikes. The small white, inconspicuous flowers reach 1.5cm in diameter. Pollinated by bees. Fruit: A brown seed capsule. In fruit from August to October. Leaves: A hairy perennial with lemon-green leaves. The oval, pointed leaves darken with age. The leaves are simple, wrinkly and toothed. They are arranged along the stems in opposite pairs.

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6

Common Barberry

Flower: Hanging yellow flowers. Insect-pollinated. Fruit: Red, globular berries. The seeds ripen in September and October. Leaves: Deciduous shrub whose leaves appear from March to November. The leaves are simple, oval and spiny-toothed.

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4

Common Beech

Flower: Male and female yellowish-green catkins grow together on the same tree. Male catkins dangle loosely from stalks at the end of twigs. Female catkins exist in pairs and are surrounded by a cup, later turning into beech nuts in autumn. Flowers only appear on mature trees. Fruit: The nuts are called 'beech mast' and are brown 3-sided nuts with a tough bristly husk on the outside. Leaves: Deciduous. Pointed leaf buds. Oval, up to 9cm long and pale green and silky when young, turning dark green later in the year. Hairless. Leaves turn yellow or orange in autumn.

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6

Copper Beech

Flower: Male and female yellowish-green catkins grow together on the same tree. Male catkins dangle loosely from stalks at the end of twigs. Female catkins exist in pairs and are surrounded by a cup, later turning into beech nuts in autumn. Flowers only appear on mature trees. Fruit: The fruit of the Copper Beech (Fagus sylvatica 'Purpurea') consists of small beechnuts enclosed in a prickly husk. The beechnuts are usually small, brown, and triangular in shape. They are edible after processing but are not typically harvested for human consumption due to their small size. The nut'... Leaves: The leaves of the Copper Beech (Fagus sylvatica 'Purpurea') are broad and elliptical in shape, with a smooth, wavy margin. They are typically deep purple or copper-colored, which is their distinctive feature, and they provide an eye-catching contrast to the typical green leaves of the European beech...

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5

Fern-leaf Beech

Flower: Inconspicuous. Fruit: The nuts or 'beech mast' as they are known, are brown, 3-sided and have a tough bristly husk on their outer casing. Leaves: Deciduous. The leaves are more linear than the Common Beech and with large, prominent and deeply serrated margins. The leaves are fern-like in appearance after which the tree is named.

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Peach-leaved Bellflower

Flower: Large, mid-blue (sometimes white), bell-shaped or star-shaped flowers. The 5 petals are slightly pointed. Similar to Clustered Bellflower but Clustered Bellflower has unstalked flowers which are deeper in colour and clustered together at the top of the plant. Fruit: Peach-leaved Bellflowers are renowned for their ornamental qualities and charming bell-shaped flowers. However, it's essential to note that these plants do not produce true fruits in the traditional sense. Instead, their reproductive structures consist of capsules that contain tiny seeds. As the flo... Leaves: The leaves of Peach-leaved Bellflowers exhibit a distinctive and aesthetically pleasing appearance. They are lance-shaped with finely serrated edges, showcasing a deep green hue that adds to the overall allure of the plant. These leaves are arranged in an alternate fashion along the stems, creating ...

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4

Trailing Bellflower

Flower: The Trailing Bellflower is adorned with charming violet or blue-hued flowers, forming a bell-like structure with five delicate petals. These star-shaped blossoms create a visual symphony during the late spring to early summer months. The heart-shaped, bright green foliage serves as an elegant backdr... Fruit: The Trailing Bellflower does not produce conventional fruits; instead, it reproduces through seeds. After the flowering season, the plant forms seed capsules. These capsules contain small seeds, contributing to the plant's reproductive cycle. The seeds are typically dispersed when the capsules dry a... Leaves: The leaves of the Trailing Bellflower are heart-shaped, displaying a vibrant shade of green. This foliage serves as an attractive backdrop to the plant's elegant violet or blue-hued flowers. The leaves are relatively small and have a smooth texture, contributing to the overall visual appeal of the p...

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5

Paper-bark Birch

Flower: Inconspicuous male and female catkins which are borne on the same tree, usually present in clusters of 3. Fruit: Small nutlets appear in clusters. Leaves: Deciduous. Ovate with pointed tips, stalked and with serrated edges. Turns yellow in autumn. Up to 4cm long.

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7

Silver Birch

Flower: Male yellow catkins hang loose, female catkins much shorter and erect. Often hybridizes with Downy Birch making identification somewhat difficult at times. Fruit: The female catkins develop hundreds of winged seeds as their fruit. Leaves: Deciduous. Stalked and triangular in shape with doubly serrated margins. Leaves turn yellow in autumn. Downy Birch leaves have got serrated margins only, not doubly serrated as with Silver Birch.

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Blanketflower

Flower: Large daisy-like flowers that are usually solitary on the end of a long stalk. 6 to 18 3-lobed petals per flower. The petals are bright red with yellow tips. Flowers have a large dark red, or purple central disc. Fruit: Blanketflowers do not produce typical fruits like those of many other plants. Instead, they reproduce via seeds. After the flowers bloom and are pollinated, they develop seed heads that contain small, dark seeds. These seeds are dispersed by various means, including wind, animals, or human interacti... Leaves: The leaves of the Blanketflower are typically lance-shaped with toothed edges. They have a medium to dark green colour and are arranged alternately along the stems. The leaves are moderately textured and may have a slightly hairy or rough surface. The size of the leaves can vary, with larger leaves ...

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10

English Bluebell

Flower: The flowers of English Bluebells, with their pendulous, bell-shaped blooms, adorn the woodland floors of the United Kingdom from April to May, casting a spell of enchantment over observers. Their vivid blue hues, often seen carpeting the ground in dense colonies, create a scene of natural wonder in ... Fruit: After the blooming season, English Bluebells produce small, round fruits known as capsules, containing seeds that ensure their propagation in the following seasons. These capsules develop from the base of the flower stems, gradually swelling as the seeds ripen within. Once matured, the capsules spli... Leaves: The leaves of English Bluebells are long, narrow, and slightly glossy, emerging from the base of the plant in tufts or clusters. These strap-like leaves, characteristic of the genus Hyacinthoides, are typically dark green in colour and have a smooth texture. Arranged in an alternate fashion along th...

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