Habitat: Towns

Search

[?]

1
2
Showing 1-25 of 44 records

False Acacia

Flower: Cream-white, pea-like flowers. Fruit: Brown pea-like pods, up to 4 inches long. Leaves: Deciduous. Dark green, pinnate leaves. 3 to 9 pairs of blunt, oval leaflets.

[view all information]

Common Ash

Flower: Petalless with tufts of purple-to-black stamens which turn green later. Fruit: Numerous hanging winged seeds which form clusters. The fruits of this tree are often called 'keys'. Leaves: Deciduous. Britain's only native tree with opposite, pinnate leaves. Leaflets are dark green and toothed.

[view all information]

Mountain Ash

Flower: White with cream-coloured anthers. Fruit: Tight clusters of red berries. Leaves: Deciduous. Similar to Common Ash leaves. Pinnate with toothed leaflets.

[view all information]

Aspen

Flower: Male and female catkins are green, and are borne on different trees. Both male and female catkins look alike, however later on the male catkins become dangly and the females remain firm. Fruit: Long hanging conical capsules develop on the catkins. Leaves: Deciduous. The stalked leaves of the Aspen are heart-shaped with wavy edges and have whitish undersides. Their shape causes them to shiver and tremble in the wind, giving the tree a distinctive quiver...

[view all information]

Common Beech

Flower: Male and female yellowish-green catkins grow together on the same tree. Male catkins dangle loosely from stalks at the end of twigs. Female catkins exist in pairs and are surrounded by a cup, later tu... Fruit: The nuts are called 'beech mast' and are brown 3-sided nuts with a tough bristly husk on the outside. Leaves: Deciduous. Pointed leaf buds. Oval, up to 9cm long and pale green and silky when young, turning dark green later in the year. Hairless. Leaves turn yellow or orange in autumn.

[view all information]

Copper Beech

Flower: Male and female yellowish-green catkins grow together on the same tree. Male catkins dangle loosely from stalks at the end of twigs. Female catkins exist in pairs and are surrounded by a cup, later tu... Fruit: The brown nuts are called 'beech mast' and are 3-sided with a tough outer casing that is bristly on the outside. Leaves: Deciduous. Pointed leaf buds. Oval and hairless, up to 9cm long, pale to deep purple.

[view all information]

Fern-leaf Beech

Flower: Inconspicuous. Fruit: The nuts or 'beech mast' as they are known, are brown, 3-sided and have a tough bristly husk on their outer casing. Leaves: Deciduous. The leaves are more linear than the Common Beech and with large, prominent and deeply serrated margins. The leaves are fern-like in appearance after which the tree is named.

[view all information]

Paper-bark Birch

Flower: Inconspicuous male and female catkins which are borne on the same tree, usually present in clusters of 3. Fruit: Small nutlets appear in clusters. Leaves: Deciduous. Ovate with pointed tips, stalked and with serrated edges. Turns yellow in autumn. Up to 4cm long.

[view all information]

Silver Birch

Flower: Male yellow catkins hang loose, female catkins much shorter and erect. Often hybridizes with Downy Birch making identification somewhat difficult at times. Fruit: The female catkins develop hundreds of winged seeds as their fruit. Leaves: Deciduous. Stalked and triangular in shape with doubly serrated margins. Leaves turn yellow in autumn. Downy Birch leaves have got serrated margins only, not doubly serrated as with Silver Birch.

[view all information]

English Bluebell

Flower: Azure blue and bell-shaped, forming one-sided spikes that droop at the tip. Each flower consists of 6 down-turned lobes. Sometimes the flowers are white. Fruit: Round seed pods develop after the flowers, eventually drying out and becoming brown. Inside the seed pods are many tiny black seeds. Leaves: Long, narrow leaves, no more than half an inch wide. The Spanish Bluebell (Hyacinthoides hispanica) has broader leaves than the English Bluebell.

[view all information]

Greater Burdock

Flower: Egg-shaped spiky flower heads forming flat-topped loose clusters. A notable feature for positively identifying Greater Burdock is its flower stalks which can be anything up to 10cm in length. Lesser B... Fruit: Clusters of round, prickly fruit called 'burs'. The prickles of the burs have small hooks at their ends. The hooks can cause the fruit to stick to clothing and animal fur very easily while brushing pa... Leaves: The alternate leaves are large, broad, triangular with toothed margins. Grey and woolly in appearance on the underside of the leaf surfaces. Another way to distinguish Greater Burdock from Lesser Burd...

[view all information]

Lesser Burdock

Flower: Oval spiky flower heads. A feature worth noting when distinguishing between Greater Burdock and Lesser Burdock is the flower stalks. For Lesser Burdock, the flower stalks are very short, up to 1cm, bu... Fruit: Clusters of round, prickly fruit called 'burs'. The prickles of the burs have small hooks at their ends. The hooks can cause the fruit to stick to clothing and animal fur very easily while brushing pa... Leaves: The alternate stem leaves are large, broad, triangular with wavy edges. The even larger basal rosette leaves can be anything up to 20 inches long. Greater Burdock has solid lower leaf stalks, yet Less...

[view all information]

Meadow Buttercup

Flower: 5 glossy yellow petals on furrowed stalks, up to 2.5cm wide and with spreading sepals. Fruit: A cluster of achenes, no larger than half a centimetre across. Leaves: The palmate leaves are variable but have 3 to 7 deeply cut lobes. The end lobe is unstalked.

[view all information]

Wild Cherry

Flower: White, sometimes tinged green, 5 petals and red anthers. Flowers are bunched together. Fruit: Numerous small red cherries on long stalks, turning black later. Leaves: Deciduous. Oval, pointed, dark green leaves with serrated, or sometimes double serrated leaf margins. The leaf stalks are long and individual leaves can grow up to 12cm long. The leaves in autumn turn...

[view all information]

Horse Chestnut

Flower: White flower spikes up to 30cm, sometimes referred to as Candles. 4-5 white petals with yellow or pink blotches at their bases. Fruit: The green globular fruits of the Horse Chestnut are commonly known as 'conkers' and they are sometimes spiky on the outside. The shells of the conkers split open to reveal a brown nut (the seed). Each... Leaves: A deciduous tree with shiny green, large leaves. The palmate leaf resembles the shape of a hand with spreading fingers. Each leaf has 7 green fingers (or leaflets) which emanates from the end of its s...

[view all information]

Sweet Chestnut

Flower: Pale yellow catkins, up to 30cm long. Trees with all males catkins, or males with females at the base. Fruit: A shiny brown nut encased inside a green, prickly shell. The fruits are called 'Sweet Chestnuts'. Leaves: Deciduous tree. Alternate leaves which are long, lanceolate and pointed with saw-like teeth. Leaf veins are prominent. The leaves are up to 25cm long which is probably the largest leaf of any wild tre...

[view all information]

Common Dandelion

Flower: Leafless flower stalks contain a milky sap. Yellow flowers, often reddish underneath, up to 6cm wide. Fruit: The fruit is a pappus. A spherical head of white seeds, often known as a 'clock'. The seeds are called 'achenes'. Leaves: Variable in shape and having basal leaves only. They have deep lobed, long leaves, up to 30cm. The word 'dandelion' comes from the French for 'Lion's tooth'. This is referring to the shape of the le...

[view all information]

Crested Dog's-tail

Flower: One-sided stalked green spikelet, shortly awned. Fruit: Seeds, up to 4mm long. Leaves: Stiff green, wiry grass blades, long and narrow.

[view all information]

Canadian Fleabane

Flower: Many-flowered. Small tubular 4-lobed yellow disc florets, yellow-green bracts that are only slightly downy, very short white rays. Fruit: Seedhead, white and bristly pappus. Cylindrical and elongated but widest above the middle. Leaves: Slender, simple, unstalked, linear leaves. Upper leaves have toothed margins and lower leaves have smooth margins.

[view all information]

Common Gorse

Flower: Rich yellow, pea-like. Sepals over half as long as petals, also yellow. Up to 2cm. Fruit: Hairy, black, pea-like pods which loudly pop open to spread their seeds on hot summer days. Leaves: The leaves are green, hard and spiky, ending in sharp points.

[view all information]

Harebell

Flower: Nodding pale blue bell-shaped flowers on long stalks. Individual flowers up to 2cm in length. Fruit: A small nodding capsule, filled with minute seeds, up to 8mm long. Leaves: The long-stalked basal leaves are roundish, or kidney-shaped and have large rounded teeth which have normally wilted by flowering time. The leaves become shorter stalked as they go up the stem. The al...

[view all information]

Herb Robert

Flower: 5 pale to dark pink petals, occasionally white. Orange pollen, hairy calyx. Fruit: Elongated, ovoid, hairy schizocarp, with a beak-like tip. A schizocarp is a type of dry fruit which splits into single-seeded parts at maturity. These parts are called 'mericarps'. Leaves: 3 to 5 deeply lobed palmate leaves on long stalks. The lobes are narrow and sharp-tipped.

[view all information]

Honesty

Flower: Purple clusters, sometimes white, 4 petals. Fruit: Papery, translucent, oval seed pods which persist throughout winter. Leaves: Hairy, oval to heart-shaped, pointed leaves. The lower leaves are stalked and the upper are unstalked. The margins of the leaves are serrated.

[view all information]

Japanese Knotweed

Flower: Small and white, 5 petals. Forming branched spikes at the bases of the upper leaves. Fruit: 3-angled seeds contained within a white winged papery encasing. Ripens around September. Leaves: The leaves can grow as large as 40cm long and 25cm wide. They grow alternate along the stems and are heart-shaped, toothless and have pointed tips. The young leaves are dark red. As the leaves being t...

[view all information]

Common Lime

Flower: 4-10 hanging green flowers per cluster, each having a leafy yellowish-green bract. 5 petals. Insect pollinated. Fruit: This tree is not the same kind of tree as the Lime fruit tree. The Common Lime produced large, winged, nut-like fruits. Leaves: A deciduous tree. The red leaf buds have 1 small and 1 large scale. The leaves are long-stalked and heart-shaped, dimensions are anything up to 6cm wide and 10cm long. The leaf bases are asymmetrical....

[view all information]

1
2