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Caucasian Stonecrop

Sedum spurium

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Crassulaceae (Stonecrop)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
18 centimetres tall
Gardens, meadows, mountains, roadsides, rocky places, walls.

Pink, 5 petals
Light pink, star-shaped flowers with fairly narrow, pointed petals. The flowers appear in flat-topped clusters. Pollinated by insects.
A many-seeded capsule. The seeds ripen in August and September.
An evergreen perennial garden escape species. Broad, simple leaves which are toothed and alternate along the stems. The leaves are succulent. Similar to Orpine (Sedum telephium) but Caucasian Stonecrop is a lower, mat-forming plant with more toothed leaves.
Other Names:
Two-row Stonecrop.
Frequency (UK):
Occasionally seen  

Similar Species

Other Information


Sedum spurium, also known as two-row stonecrop or creeping sedum, is a species of flowering succulent plant in the genus Sedum. It is native to Europe, and it's commonly found growing in rocky outcroppings, crevices, and in meadows. The plant has fleshy, green leaves that are arranged in opposite pairs on the stem. It produces small, pink, red or white flowers in the summer. It is hardy in USDA zones 3-9, and it can be grown in rock gardens, as a ground cover, or in container gardens. It is tolerant of dry conditions and it prefers full sun or partial shade.


Caucasian Stonecrop, also known as Sedum spurium, is a hardy and adaptable plant that is commonly grown in rock gardens, borders, and as ground cover. It is a member of the Crassulaceae family and is native to regions of Europe and Asia. Its striking appearance, ease of care, and ability to grow in a variety of conditions make it a popular choice for gardeners of all levels of experience.

Appearance and Characteristics

Caucasian Stonecrop is a low-growing, mat-forming perennial that reaches a height of 3 to 6 inches and a spread of 12 to 18 inches. Its fleshy, evergreen leaves are small, rounded, and grow in clusters along the stem. They are a vibrant green color and can take on a reddish or purple tinge in cooler temperatures. The plant produces small clusters of star-shaped flowers that bloom in late summer or early fall. The flowers are typically pink or red, although they can also be white.

Growing Requirements

Caucasian Stonecrop is a tough and hardy plant that is easy to care for. It thrives in full sun to partial shade and prefers well-drained, slightly acidic soil. It can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including sandy or rocky soil, and is drought tolerant once established. It is also resistant to pests and disease, making it an ideal plant for low-maintenance gardens.


Caucasian Stonecrop can be propagated through stem cuttings or division. Stem cuttings should be taken in the spring or early summer, and should be about 2 to 4 inches in length. They can be rooted in a well-draining soil mix and kept moist until roots have formed. Division can be done in the spring or fall by separating the plant into smaller pieces and replanting them in a new location.

Uses in the Garden

Caucasian Stonecrop is a versatile plant that can be used in a variety of ways in the garden. It is an excellent ground cover, and can quickly fill in areas that are difficult to grow other plants. It is also a popular choice for rock gardens, as it can grow in the crevices of rocks and add a splash of color to the landscape. In addition, it can be used as a border plant, edging, or in containers.

Caucasian Stonecrop, or Sedum spurium, is a beautiful and hardy plant that is easy to care for and versatile in the garden. With its low-growing habit, evergreen foliage, and colorful flowers, it adds interest and texture to any landscape. Whether you are a seasoned gardener or just starting out, this plant is a great choice for adding beauty to your garden.

Benefits and Uses

In addition to its ornamental value, Caucasian Stonecrop has a number of other benefits and uses. It is commonly used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including respiratory infections, digestive issues, and skin conditions. The plant contains a number of active compounds, including flavonoids and tannins, which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Caucasian Stonecrop is also used in landscaping and erosion control projects. Its shallow root system helps to stabilize soil and prevent erosion, making it an excellent choice for slopes and embankments. It is also a good plant for green roofs, as it can tolerate the harsh growing conditions and help to insulate the roof.


Caucasian Stonecrop is a low-maintenance plant that requires very little care. It should be watered sparingly, as it is drought tolerant and can be damaged by overwatering. It benefits from occasional fertilization with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer. The plant can be pruned back in the spring to promote bushier growth and control its spread.

One thing to watch out for with Caucasian Stonecrop is its tendency to spread quickly and become invasive. If you are using it as a ground cover, be sure to plant it in an area where it can spread freely without causing any issues. If you are concerned about its spread, you can plant it in a container or use edging to contain it.

Caucasian Stonecrop is a beautiful, low-maintenance plant that is well-suited to a wide range of growing conditions. Whether you are looking to add color to a rock garden, stabilize soil on a slope, or simply enjoy its ornamental value in your garden, this versatile plant is a great choice. With a little care and attention, it will reward you with its vibrant foliage and colorful flowers for years to come.

Varieties of Caucasian Stonecrop

There are several popular varieties of Caucasian Stonecrop, each with its own unique characteristics and growing requirements. Here are a few of the most common varieties:

  1. 'Dragon's Blood': This variety has deep red foliage that turns green in the heat of summer. It produces pink flowers in the late summer and grows to a height of 3 to 6 inches.

  2. 'John Creech': This variety is a low-growing ground cover that reaches a height of only 2 to 4 inches. It has bright green foliage and produces pink flowers in the late summer.

  3. 'Voodoo': This variety has dark red foliage that turns green in the summer. It produces bright pink flowers in the late summer and grows to a height of 3 to 6 inches.

  4. 'Album Superbum': This variety has green foliage and produces white flowers in the late summer. It grows to a height of 3 to 6 inches.

  5. 'Tricolor': This variety has variegated foliage that is green, pink, and white. It produces pink flowers in the late summer and grows to a height of 3 to 6 inches.

Each of these varieties has its own unique look and growing requirements, so be sure to choose the one that is best suited to your garden.

Caucasian Stonecrop in Wildlife Gardens

Caucasian Stonecrop is a great plant for wildlife gardens, as it provides nectar for pollinators and is a host plant for a number of butterfly species. The flowers of the plant attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators, while the foliage provides shelter and habitat for small animals and insects.

When planting Caucasian Stonecrop in a wildlife garden, it is important to choose a variety that is native to your area, as non-native varieties may not provide the same benefits to local wildlife. Additionally, be sure to avoid using pesticides or other chemicals on the plant, as these can be harmful to pollinators and other wildlife.

In summary, Caucasian Stonecrop is a versatile and hardy plant that is well-suited to a wide range of growing conditions. With its vibrant foliage, colorful flowers, and ease of care, it is a great choice for gardeners of all levels of experience. Whether you are looking to add color to a rock garden, stabilize soil on a slope, or create a wildlife habitat in your garden, this versatile plant is sure to please.

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Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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