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White Stonecrop

Sedum album

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Crassulaceae (Stonecrop)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
10 centimetres tall
Beaches, gardens, meadows, mountains, rocky places, sand dunes, sea cliffs, seaside, walls, wasteland, woodland.

White, 5 petals
Flowers are star-shaped and white, not tinged pink like the similar-looking English Stonecrop (Sedum anglicum). Flowers measure up to 1cm across and appear together in clusters. Pollinated by flies and bees.
White Stonecrop (Sedum album) produces small, rounded fruits that are commonly referred to as capsules. These capsules contain tiny seeds and contribute to the plant's reproductive cycle. The seeds ripen in August and September.
A creeping, mat-forming perennial flower most often seen as a garden escape. Small, succulent, tightly-packed leaves. The leaves are stalkless and linear-oblong in shape. The leaves alternate along the stems. They turn reddish towards the end of the season.
White Stonecrop typically has a mild, earthy fragrance. The scent is generally subtle and may not be as pronounced as aromatic flowers, but when the plant is handled or crushed, a faint herbal or vegetal aroma may be detected.
Other Names:
Small Houseleek.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Sedum album, also known as "white stonecrop," is a perennial succulent plant native to Europe and Asia. It has small, round, green leaves and produces clusters of small, star-shaped white flowers in late summer to early fall. The plant is drought-tolerant and can be grown in rock gardens, as a ground cover, or in containers. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade. Sedum album is hardy in USDA zones 3-9. It's a low growing plant that can reach up to 10 cm in height and 30 cm in width. It's often used as a ground cover, rock gardens, and walls crevices.


White stonecrop, or Sedum album, is a beautiful succulent plant that is native to Europe and Asia. It is commonly found growing in rocky or gravelly areas, and is often used as a ground cover in gardens and landscaping.

One of the most striking features of white stonecrop is its small, fleshy leaves that are a pale green color. The leaves are arranged in a rosette pattern, and are typically no more than 1 inch long. In the summer, white stonecrop produces small white or pinkish flowers that grow in clusters on the tips of its stems.

White stonecrop is a very hardy plant that is easy to grow and care for. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun, but can also tolerate some shade. It is drought tolerant and can survive in a variety of soil types, including sandy, rocky, or clay soils.

One of the great things about white stonecrop is that it is a low maintenance plant. It does not require much water or fertilizer, and is generally free from pests and diseases. It can also be propagated easily by stem cuttings or by division.

White stonecrop is not only beautiful, but it also has some medicinal uses. In traditional medicine, it has been used to treat a variety of ailments, including digestive issues, respiratory problems, and skin conditions. The plant contains a number of compounds that have been shown to have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties.

In addition to its medicinal uses, white stonecrop is also a valuable plant for pollinators. The small flowers attract bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects, making it a great addition to any garden or landscape.

White stonecrop is a great plant for those who want to add some texture and interest to their garden. It pairs well with other succulents, as well as with ornamental grasses and perennials. Its low-growing habit makes it ideal for use as a ground cover, and it can be used to create a natural-looking rock garden or to edge a border.

One of the benefits of growing white stonecrop is that it can be used in a variety of ways. Its fleshy leaves and stems make it a great plant for succulent arrangements, and it can also be used in hanging baskets or in container gardens. It is a popular plant for use in green roofs, as it is drought tolerant and can help to reduce stormwater runoff.

If you are interested in growing white stonecrop, it is important to note that it can be invasive in some areas. In regions where it is not native, it can spread rapidly and outcompete native plants. However, in areas where it is native, it is an important part of the ecosystem and can provide valuable habitat for wildlife.

White stonecrop is a versatile and beautiful plant that is well-suited to a variety of garden styles and uses. With its hardy nature, low maintenance requirements, and attractive appearance, it is a great choice for both novice and experienced gardeners alike. Just be sure to choose a location that is appropriate for the plant and to follow local guidelines for planting and management.

Beyond its aesthetic and ecological benefits, white stonecrop has been used in traditional medicine for centuries. The plant contains several active compounds, including tannins, flavonoids, and alkaloids, that have been shown to have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties. These compounds are thought to be responsible for the plant's medicinal effects.

White stonecrop has been used to treat a variety of conditions, including diarrhea, respiratory infections, and skin irritations. It has also been used as a diuretic, a blood purifier, and a pain reliever. While more research is needed to fully understand the plant's potential health benefits, its long history of use suggests that it may have some therapeutic value.

If you are interested in using white stonecrop for its medicinal properties, it is important to seek guidance from a qualified healthcare practitioner. While the plant is generally safe when used in small amounts, it may interact with certain medications or have side effects in some individuals.

In addition to its medicinal and ornamental uses, white stonecrop has also been used in culinary applications. The plant's leaves have a slightly sour flavor and can be used to add a tangy kick to salads, soups, and other dishes. The leaves can also be brewed into a tea or added to cocktails for a refreshing and unique flavor.

White stonecrop is a versatile and valuable plant that offers a range of benefits to gardeners, herbalists, and cooks alike. Whether you are looking to enhance your garden, explore its medicinal properties, or experiment in the kitchen, white stonecrop is definitely worth considering.

White stonecrop is a plant that has a long history of use in folklore and traditional medicine. In many cultures, it has been associated with healing, protection, and luck. It was believed to have magical properties that could ward off evil spirits, bring good fortune, and promote love and fertility.

In addition to its cultural significance, white stonecrop has also been studied for its potential ecological benefits. The plant is known to attract a variety of pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds, making it an important component of many garden ecosystems. It has also been found to be effective at reducing soil erosion and improving soil quality, thanks to its ability to thrive in poor soils and rocky areas.

Despite its many benefits, white stonecrop is not without its drawbacks. As mentioned earlier, it can be invasive in some areas, and care should be taken to prevent it from spreading beyond its intended location. Additionally, the plant can be toxic to pets and livestock if ingested in large quantities, so it should be planted with caution in areas where animals may have access.

In conclusion, white stonecrop is a fascinating and valuable plant that offers a range of benefits to gardeners, herbalists, and nature enthusiasts. Whether you are drawn to its ornamental beauty, its potential medicinal properties, or its role in supporting wildlife and ecological health, white stonecrop is a plant that is definitely worth exploring further. Just be sure to research and follow best practices for planting and managing the plant to ensure that it remains a positive addition to your garden or landscape.

30 White Stonecrop Facts

  1. Botanical Name: Sedum album, commonly known as White Stonecrop.
  2. Family: Crassulaceae.
  3. Habitat: Native to Europe and Asia, White Stonecrop thrives in rocky and sandy environments.
  4. Appearance: This succulent plant forms low, spreading mats with small, fleshy green leaves.
  5. Flowers: White star-shaped flowers bloom in clusters during the summer, creating a visually striking contrast against the green foliage.
  6. Drought Tolerant: White Stonecrop is highly resilient and can withstand periods of drought, making it suitable for arid conditions.
  7. Sunlight Requirements: Prefers full sun but can tolerate partial shade.
  8. Soil Preference: Well-draining soil is crucial for White Stonecrop's growth, and it can adapt to poor soil conditions.
  9. Hardiness Zones: Typically found in zones 4 to 9.
  10. Ground Cover: White Stonecrop is often used as a ground cover due to its spreading habit and low growth.
  11. Sedum Group: Belongs to the Sedum group, which includes many low-growing, drought-resistant succulents.
  12. Propagation: Easily propagated through stem cuttings or by dividing the plant.
  13. Attracts Wildlife: The flowers attract butterflies and other pollinators, contributing to biodiversity.
  14. Rock Gardens: Well-suited for rock gardens, container gardens, or as edging along pathways.
  15. Evergreen: The plant is evergreen in milder climates, providing interest throughout the year.
  16. Low Maintenance: Requires minimal care once established, making it an excellent choice for busy gardeners.
  17. Medicinal Uses: In traditional medicine, White Stonecrop has been used for various ailments, although it's not widely utilized today.
  18. Sedum Diversity: Part of a diverse genus with various species adapted to different climates and conditions.
  19. Erosion Control: White Stonecrop's spreading growth helps control soil erosion on slopes.
  20. Container Gardening: Suitable for container gardening due to its low growth and adaptability.
  21. Deer Resistant: Often resistant to deer browsing, making it a good choice for areas with deer populations.
  22. Edible Parts: Some species of Sedum, including White Stonecrop, have edible leaves, although they are not commonly consumed.
  23. Cultural Significance: In some cultures, Sedum is associated with protective qualities, and planting it around homes is believed to bring good luck.
  24. Succulent Characteristics: Stores water in its fleshy leaves, allowing it to survive in dry conditions.
  25. Invasive Potential: While not overly aggressive, it can spread if not kept in check, making it important to monitor its growth.
  26. Pest Resistant: Generally resistant to most pests and diseases.
  27. Seasonal Changes: The color of White Stonecrop's leaves may change with the seasons, often taking on reddish or purplish hues.
  28. Landscape Design: Used in xeriscaping and sustainable landscape designs for its water-wise qualities.
  29. Aphid Magnet: Can attract aphids, but these are usually not a significant threat to the plant's overall health.
  30. Symbolism: In some cultures, sedum is associated with endurance, adaptability, and strength, reflecting its hardy nature.


White Stonecrop filmed at Lytham St. Anne's in Lancashire on the 12th June 2023.


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Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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