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Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Iridaceae (Iris)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
1 metre tall
Gardens, grassland, parks, roadsides, rocky places, scrub, sea cliffs, towns, wasteland, waterside, woodland.

Orange, 6 petals
Bright orange-red flowers on an unbranched one-sided spike. 6 petal-lobes on a widening tube.
Green capsules with 3 lobes. They turn brown as they ripen.
Upright, sword-shaped, unbranched leaves. Grass-like with pointed tips and bright green. Not hairy.
Flowers smell of saffron when dried.
Other Names:
Coppertip, Crocosmia, Falling Stars.
Frequency (UK):
Occasionally seen  

Similar Species

Other Information


Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora is a hybrid plant in the genus Crocosmia, which is a cross between two or more different species within the genus. It is a perennial herb that belongs to the Iridaceae family, it is known for its bright and showy flowers. The flowers are usually orange, red, yellow or a combination of these colors, and they typically bloom in late summer to early autumn. The leaves are long, narrow, and grass-like, arranged in a basal rosette. The plant can grow up to 1m tall.

Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora is a popular ornamental plant and is widely cultivated for its showy flowers and easy cultivation. It is hardy and can tolerate a wide range of soils and growing conditions, it prefers well-drained soil and full sun. It is often used in borders, rock gardens, and as a cut flower. It's considered as a hardy plant that can be grown in most parts of the world and it's considered as a popular and easy to grow garden plant. It's considered as a more vigorous plant than other Crocosmia species and hybrids, and it's also more tolerant of different soil types.


Montbretia, scientifically known as Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora, is a stunning perennial plant that has become increasingly popular in gardens around the world. Native to South Africa, Montbretia is a member of the iris family and is widely prized for its vivid and long-lasting blooms.

The name Montbretia comes from Antoine François Ernest Conquebert de Montbret, a French botanist who first discovered the plant in the late 18th century. The plant was later introduced to Europe and North America, where it quickly became a favorite of gardeners and landscapers.

Montbretia is a hardy plant that is easy to grow and care for, making it an ideal choice for both experienced and novice gardeners. The plant prefers well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade, and can tolerate a wide range of soil types.

One of the most striking features of Montbretia is its bright, fiery blooms. The plant produces tall spikes of trumpet-shaped flowers in shades of red, orange, and yellow, which bloom in late summer and early fall. The blooms are attractive to pollinators like bees and butterflies, making Montbretia a great choice for gardeners looking to attract wildlife to their yards.

In addition to its showy blooms, Montbretia also has attractive foliage. The plant produces clumps of sword-shaped leaves that are a deep, glossy green, adding texture and interest to the garden even when the plant is not in bloom.

Montbretia is a great choice for a variety of garden settings. It looks stunning when planted in mass groupings, where its bright blooms can create a dramatic and eye-catching display. The plant also works well in mixed borders, where it can be paired with other perennials and shrubs to create a varied and interesting landscape.

Montbretia is a relatively low-maintenance plant that requires minimal care once established. However, there are a few things that gardeners can do to ensure that their Montbretia plants thrive and continue to produce beautiful blooms year after year.

One of the most important things to keep in mind when growing Montbretia is to provide the plant with adequate moisture. While Montbretia is drought-tolerant once established, it prefers consistent moisture in the soil during the growing season. Gardeners should water their Montbretia plants regularly during dry periods and avoid allowing the soil to become overly dry.

Another important factor to consider when growing Montbretia is fertilization. While the plant is not particularly picky about soil type, it does benefit from regular applications of fertilizer. Gardeners should fertilize their Montbretia plants in early spring, using a balanced fertilizer that is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

Montbretia is also susceptible to a few pests and diseases, including spider mites and root rot. Gardeners should keep an eye out for signs of infestation or disease, such as yellowing leaves or wilted foliage, and take action to address the problem promptly.

In terms of propagation, Montbretia can be easily propagated by dividing established clumps in the fall or early spring. Gardeners should carefully dig up the clumps and separate the individual bulbs, making sure to replant them at the same depth as before.

Montbretia is also a popular cut flower, making it a great choice for gardeners who want to bring a touch of the garden indoors. The long, sturdy stems and vibrant blooms of Montbretia make it an ideal choice for floral arrangements, and the flowers can last for several days in a vase if properly cared for.

When cutting Montbretia flowers for arrangements, it's best to do so in the early morning or late afternoon, when the plant is at its most hydrated. Gardeners should use sharp, clean scissors or pruning shears to cut the stems at a 45-degree angle, taking care not to damage the foliage or other stems.

Once the flowers have been cut, they should be placed in a vase of clean, fresh water that has been treated with a floral preservative. Montbretia flowers are prone to wilting, so it's important to keep the water in the vase fresh and to change it every day or two. Gardeners should also remove any leaves or other foliage that will be submerged in the water, as this can cause the water to become cloudy and lead to bacterial growth.

In addition to its ornamental value, Montbretia is also used for medicinal purposes in some cultures. The plant has traditionally been used to treat a variety of ailments, including digestive problems, fever, and pain. While there is limited scientific evidence to support these uses, Montbretia remains a popular herb in some traditional medicine practices.

Montbretia is also a plant that attracts beneficial insects to the garden. Bees and butterflies are particularly attracted to the bright blooms of Montbretia, making it a great choice for gardeners who want to encourage pollinators to visit their yard. In addition to bees and butterflies, other beneficial insects like ladybugs and lacewings are also attracted to Montbretia, which can help to control pests like aphids and mites.

Another interesting fact about Montbretia is that it is considered an invasive species in some parts of the world, including parts of the United States and New Zealand. In these areas, Montbretia has escaped cultivation and is now spreading rapidly, outcompeting native plants and disrupting natural ecosystems. Gardeners in these areas should be cautious when planting Montbretia and should take care to prevent the plant from spreading beyond their property.

Finally, Montbretia has a long and interesting history in both horticulture and culture. The plant has been cultivated for hundreds of years and has been used in a variety of ways, from medicinal herb to ornamental plant. In some cultures, Montbretia is considered a symbol of creativity and inspiration, while in others it is associated with passion and vitality.

In conclusion, Montbretia is a fascinating and beautiful plant that has captured the hearts of gardeners and flower enthusiasts around the world. With its stunning blooms, easy care requirements, and a variety of uses, it's no wonder that this plant continues to be a popular choice for gardens and floral arrangements alike.

Facts about Montbretia

Montbretia, also known as Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora, is a stunning and versatile plant that is native to South Africa. Here are some facts and a summary about Montbretia:

  • Montbretia is a perennial plant that produces tall spikes of brightly colored flowers in shades of red, orange, and yellow.
  • The plant is easy to grow and requires minimal care once established, but prefers consistent moisture in the soil during the growing season and regular fertilization.
  • Montbretia is a popular cut flower and can last for several days in a vase if properly cared for.
  • The plant is also a favorite of beneficial insects like bees, butterflies, and ladybugs.
  • In some parts of the world, Montbretia is considered an invasive species and has escaped cultivation, disrupting natural ecosystems.
  • Montbretia has a long and interesting history in horticulture and culture, and is associated with creativity, passion, and vitality.

In summary, Montbretia is a beautiful and versatile plant that is easy to care for and brings color and interest to any garden or floral arrangement. However, gardeners in some areas should be cautious when planting Montbretia to prevent it from becoming an invasive species. Despite this, Montbretia remains a popular choice for gardeners and flower enthusiasts around the world.


Montbretia filmed at Beetham, Cumbria on the 13th August 2022.


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