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Poet's Daffodil

Narcissus poeticus

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
50 centimetres tall
Gardens, meadows, mountains, parks, woodland.

White, 6 petals
Large white or off-white, raggedy-looking petals. The petals have gaps between them. The flower has a yellow centre with a red corona around the outside.
A capsule with many seeds.
Long, linear greyish-green leaves. A bulbous perennial of ash and oak woodland.
The flower is very fragrant.
Other Names:
Findern Flower, Jonquil, Nargis, Pheasant's Eye, Pheasant's Eye Daffodil, Pinkster Lily, Poet's Narcissus.
Frequency (UK):

Other Information


Narcissus poeticus, also known as the poet's narcissus, is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae. It is native to Europe and is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant. The plant is known for its beautiful, fragrant flowers, which are typically white or pale yellow in color and have a distinctive, sweet scent. The flowers are often used in cut flower arrangements and as a garden plant. Narcissus poeticus is also known as the "daffodil" or "jonquil," although these terms can refer to other species of narcissus as well.


The Poet's Daffodil, also known as Narcissus poeticus, is a beautiful and fragrant spring flower that has been celebrated for centuries in poetry, art, and literature. Native to Europe and the Mediterranean, this daffodil species is prized for its delicate, star-shaped flowers that bloom in shades of white, pink, and yellow.

The plant's common name, "Poet's Daffodil," comes from its association with poets and literature. For centuries, poets have been inspired by the beauty and symbolism of the daffodil. The flower is often seen as a symbol of hope, renewal, and the arrival of spring after a long, cold winter.

In William Wordsworth's famous poem, "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud," he writes of a field of daffodils that dances in the breeze, filling him with joy and a sense of wonder. The poem has become one of the most famous and enduring celebrations of the daffodil, and it has helped to cement the flower's place in our cultural imagination.

In addition to its beauty and symbolic significance, the Poet's Daffodil is also prized for its sweet fragrance. The delicate scent of the flowers is said to bring peace and comfort to those who smell it, making it a popular choice for gardens and flower arrangements.

Cultivating Poet's Daffodils is relatively easy, and the plant is well suited to a wide range of climates and soils. They can be planted in the fall and will bloom in the spring, providing a welcome burst of color and fragrance after a long, cold winter.

The Poet's Daffodil is a beloved spring flower that has captured the hearts and imaginations of people for centuries. Its delicate beauty, sweet fragrance, and association with hope and renewal make it a popular choice for gardens and flower arrangements. Whether you're a poet, gardener, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of nature, the Poet's Daffodil is sure to bring a smile to your face and a sense of wonder to your heart.

In addition to its cultural significance, the Poet's Daffodil has also played a role in scientific research and medicine. The plant contains lycorine, a chemical compound that has been used in the treatment of various ailments, including nausea, vomiting, and convulsions. The plant has also been used in traditional medicines for centuries, and it is still used today in some cultures for its medicinal properties.

Another interesting fact about the Poet's Daffodil is its role in the popular tradition of daffodil festivals and daffodil walks. Each spring, communities across the world hold festivals and walks to celebrate the arrival of the daffodils. These events often feature displays of daffodils in various colors and arrangements, as well as live music, food, and other activities. The festivals provide a fun and festive way for people to come together and enjoy the beauty of spring and the arrival of the daffodils.

In recent years, the Poet's Daffodil has become an increasingly popular choice for use in public spaces, such as parks, gardens, and city centers. The plant's beauty and cultural significance make it a popular choice for beautifying public spaces, and its sweet fragrance provides a pleasant and uplifting atmosphere.

The Poet's Daffodil is much more than just a beautiful spring flower. Its rich cultural significance, role in traditional medicine, and popularity in festivals and public spaces make it a fascinating and important part of our cultural heritage. Whether you're a poet, gardener, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of nature, the Poet's Daffodil is sure to bring a smile to your face and a sense of wonder to your heart.

Another aspect of the Poet's Daffodil that makes it so special is its symbolism. The daffodil has been associated with a number of different meanings and symbols throughout history. For example, in ancient Greek mythology, the daffodil was a symbol of vanity, as the story of Narcissus, the beautiful young man who fell in love with his own reflection, was said to have taken place among fields of daffodils. However, in more recent times, the daffodil has come to symbolize hope and renewal.

In Wales, the daffodil is considered a symbol of national pride and is often used as a symbol of Welsh identity. In fact, the daffodil is the national flower of Wales, and it is celebrated each year during St. David's Day, the national holiday of Wales, with parades and festivals that feature daffodils prominently.

In addition to its cultural and symbolic significance, the Poet's Daffodil is also an important source of food for wildlife. The nectar of the flowers provides a valuable food source for bees and other insects, while the leaves of the plant provide food for deer and other herbivores.

In conclusion, the Poet's Daffodil is a beautiful and versatile plant that has played a significant role in our culture and history. Its beauty, fragrance, and symbolism make it a popular choice for gardens and public spaces, while its importance as a food source for wildlife makes it an important part of our ecosystem. Whether you're a poet, gardener, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of nature, the Poet's Daffodil is a flower that is sure to capture your heart and imagination.


Poet's Daffodil filmed on Duxbury Golf Course Cark Park, Lancashire on the 14th April 2023.


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Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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