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Few-flowered Garlic

Allium paradoxum

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
50 centimetres tall
Fields, hedgerows, meadows, mountains, riverbanks, roadsides, rocky places, wasteland, woodland.

White, 6 petals
Umbels of white or creamy white bell-shaped flowers. Pollinated by bees and insects.
The fruit is a capsule. The seeds ripen in June.
A bulbous perennial with long, narrow, keeled leaves, up to 2.5cm (1 inch) wide. The flower stem is triangular in cross-section. In leaf from November to June.
Smells of garlic.
Other Names:
Few-flowered Leek, Quaint Garlic, Strange Onion.
Frequency (UK):
Occasionally seen  

Other Information


Allium paradoxum, also known as the "strange onion", is a species of wild onion that is native to China and the Himalayas. It is a perennial plant that grows from a bulb and produces a single stem with narrow, linear leaves and small, pink to purple flowers that are arranged in a compact umbel.

One of the interesting feature is that its bulb is located on top of the soil surface. it is found to grow on rocky hills and meadows and known for its ornamental values. The leaves and bulbs are edible, but they have a very strong onion flavor and are typically used sparingly in cooking. It is hardy in USDA zones 5-8.


Few-flowered Garlic, scientifically known as Allium paradoxum, is a herbaceous plant species that belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae. It is a native plant of Eurasia and can be found in various regions including western Asia, eastern Europe, and the Caucasus. This plant is also known by several common names such as few-flowered leek, wild garlic, and Ramsons.

The few-flowered garlic plant typically grows to a height of 20-50 cm and has narrow, lanceolate leaves that can grow up to 30 cm in length. The leaves have a distinctive garlic-like odor when crushed. The plant produces small, star-shaped flowers that are white or pale pink in color and grow in clusters on a long stem. The flowers bloom in the spring and early summer months.

Few-flowered garlic is a popular culinary ingredient in many parts of Europe, particularly in the Balkans and the Caucasus. The leaves, bulbs, and flowers of the plant are all edible and have a mild garlic flavor. The leaves and flowers can be eaten raw in salads or used as a seasoning in soups, stews, and other dishes. The bulbs are often pickled or used as a substitute for garlic in cooking.

Aside from its culinary uses, few-flowered garlic has several medicinal properties. It has been traditionally used to treat a variety of ailments, including digestive disorders, high blood pressure, and respiratory problems. The plant contains several compounds that have been found to have antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties.

Despite its many uses, few-flowered garlic is also considered an invasive species in some regions, particularly in North America. The plant can quickly spread and outcompete native vegetation, leading to a loss of biodiversity. As a result, many countries have enacted laws and regulations to control the spread of few-flowered garlic.

Few-flowered garlic has a long history of use in traditional medicine, dating back to ancient times. It was used by the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians to treat a variety of ailments, including respiratory infections, digestive disorders, and hypertension.

Today, few-flowered garlic is still used in herbal medicine and is believed to have several health benefits. For example, the plant contains compounds called flavonoids, which have been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. These compounds may help to protect against a range of chronic diseases, including heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.

Few-flowered garlic is also rich in vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, iron, and calcium. This makes it a nutritious addition to a healthy diet. However, it is important to note that few-flowered garlic should not be used as a substitute for medical treatment and should always be used under the guidance of a qualified healthcare practitioner.

In addition to its medicinal properties, few-flowered garlic has also been used in traditional folklore and mythology. In some cultures, it is believed to have protective properties and is used to ward off evil spirits and protect against disease. In others, it is believed to have aphrodisiac properties and is used to enhance fertility.

Despite its many uses and benefits, few-flowered garlic is also known to be toxic to some animals, particularly dogs and cats. If ingested, it can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and other symptoms. As such, it is important to keep few-flowered garlic out of reach of pets and to avoid feeding it to them.

Few-flowered garlic is a hardy plant that grows well in a variety of conditions. It prefers moist, well-drained soils and partial shade but can also tolerate full sun and dry conditions. The plant can be propagated by dividing the bulbs in the fall or by planting seeds in the spring.

In addition to its culinary and medicinal uses, few-flowered garlic also has cultural significance in many regions. It is a popular ingredient in traditional dishes such as pesto, soups, and stews, and is often used to flavor meat and fish dishes. In some cultures, it is also used as a decorative plant, particularly in gardens and parks.

Few-flowered garlic is also an important ecological resource for many insect species. The flowers are a valuable source of nectar for bees and butterflies, while the leaves and stems provide shelter and food for a variety of insect larvae.

Despite its many benefits, few-flowered garlic can also be a nuisance in some settings. As an invasive species, it can outcompete native plants and disrupt local ecosystems. It is important to take steps to control the spread of few-flowered garlic in areas where it is not native.

Overall, few-flowered garlic is a fascinating plant with a rich history and many uses. Whether used in cooking, medicine, or folklore, it is clear that this versatile plant has much to offer.


Few-flowered Garlic filmed in Lancashire on the 7th April 2023.


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