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Congested Woodrush

Luzula congesta

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Juncaceae (Rush)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
30 centimetres tall
Bogs, gardens, grassland, heathland, meadows, moorland, riverbanks, riversides, waterside, wetland, woodland.

Brown, 6 petals
Rounded clusters of brown flowers, each flower measuring about 3mm across. 6 stamens. Similar to Field Woodrush (Luzula campestris) but is taller and the flowers are in a tighter cluster.
A reddish-brown capsule.
Densely tufted, grass-like leaves. Up to 6mm wide.
Other Names:
Dense Jonquil, Dense Woodrush, Heath Wood-rush.
Frequency (UK):
Rarely seen  

Similar Species

Other Information


Luzula congesta, commonly known as dense woodrush or dense jonquil, is a species of perennial herb in the Juncaceae family. It is native to Europe and Asia, typically found in damp, shady areas such as woods, bogs, and along streams and rivers. It has small, greenish-brown flowers that bloom in the spring and summer, and glossy, dark green leaves. It is a small plant that can grow up to 30 cm tall and is known for its basal leaves that are arranged in a rosette. The plant is also used as an ornamental plant in gardens and it is known for its ability to thrive in damp and shady areas. It is also used in traditional medicine, but there is not enough scientific evidence to support its medicinal properties. The plant is named for its dense clusters of leaves and flowers, which give it a compact and congested appearance.


Congested Woodrush (Luzula congesta) is a beautiful and delicate wildflower native to Europe and Asia. This species of woodrush is a low-growing plant that typically reaches a height of 10-20 cm, and it is often found growing in damp meadows, woods, and on the banks of streams and rivers.

One of the most striking features of Congested Woodrush is its dense, compact head of tiny flowers. The flowers are usually a pale yellow-green color and are grouped together in clusters at the top of each stem. The leaves are long, thin, and dark green, and they grow in tufts along the stem.

Congested Woodrush is an important plant for many species of wildlife, including insects, birds, and small mammals. The dense clusters of flowers provide an important source of nectar for a range of insects, including bees and butterflies, while the leaves are a favored food of rabbits and deer.

In addition to its importance for wildlife, Congested Woodrush is also valued for its ornamental qualities. Its delicate beauty and compact growth habit make it a popular choice for gardeners and landscapers, and it is often used in wildflower meadows and naturalized plantings.

However, like many wildflowers, Congested Woodrush is threatened by habitat loss and degradation, and it is listed as a species of concern in some countries. Conservation efforts are underway to protect and preserve populations of this beautiful plant, and to raise awareness of the important role it plays in our ecosystems.

Congested Woodrush is a lovely and important wildflower that deserves to be recognized and protected for generations to come. Whether you are a gardener, a naturalist, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of wildflowers, take the time to appreciate this beautiful plant and the important role it plays in our world.

If you are interested in growing Congested Woodrush in your own garden, it is a relatively easy plant to care for. It prefers moist, well-drained soil and partial shade, making it an ideal choice for planting in damp areas of the garden.

It is also a hardy plant that can tolerate a range of growing conditions, including frost and drought. However, it is important to avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot and other problems.

When planting Congested Woodrush, it is best to do so in the fall or spring, when the soil is moist and temperatures are cool. Simply dig a hole that is slightly larger than the root ball, place the plant in the hole, and backfill with soil. Water well to settle the soil and encourage the roots to establish.

One of the great things about Congested Woodrush is that it is a low-maintenance plant that does not require regular pruning or other forms of maintenance. Simply plant it and let it grow, and it will reward you with years of beauty and wildlife habitat.

If you are interested in learning more about Congested Woodrush or other species of wildflowers, consider visiting a local botanical garden or nature reserve, or conducting research online. There are many resources available to help you learn more about the fascinating world of wildflowers and the important role they play in our ecosystems.

Another interesting aspect of Congested Woodrush is its medicinal properties. In traditional medicine, parts of the plant have been used to treat a variety of ailments, including skin conditions, digestive problems, and respiratory issues.

It is important to note that while the plant has been used for medicinal purposes in the past, there is limited scientific research to support these uses. As with any medicinal plant, it is best to consult with a healthcare professional before using it for therapeutic purposes.

Finally, it is worth mentioning the cultural significance of Congested Woodrush. In many cultures, the plant has been associated with magic, witchcraft, and folklore. For example, in some European traditions, the plant was believed to have protective properties and was used to ward off evil spirits.

In modern times, Congested Woodrush continues to be celebrated in art, literature, and other forms of cultural expression. From paintings and photographs to poems and songs, this beautiful wildflower has inspired generations of artists and writers, and continues to be a source of wonder and inspiration for people all over the world.

In conclusion, Congested Woodrush is much more than just a beautiful wildflower. It is a valuable part of our ecosystem, a rich cultural legacy, and a fascinating subject of study. Whether you are interested in gardening, natural history, or the arts, this plant has something to offer for everyone.