Search

[?]

Open the Advanced Search

Field Cow-wheat

Melampyrum arvense

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.

Plant Data

Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Order:
Lamiales
Family:
Orobanchaceae (Broomrape)
Type:
Flower
Life Cycle:
Annual
Maximum Size:
35 centimetres tall
Habitats:
Cliffs, farmland, grassland, hedgerows.

Flower:
֍
Pink, 1 petal
 
The flowers appear in a short spike and are 2-lipped, between 2 and 2.5cm long. Flowers are pinkish-purple with a yellow lower lip. The flowers are visually camouflaged inside the abundant brightly coloured leafy bracts. The bracts are pinkish-purple and toothed near their bases. The bracts turn green, narrow and drooping near their ends.
Fruit:
The fruit is a flat, elliptical capsule.
Leaves:
A semi-parasitic plant mainly on grass roots. Field Cow-wheat has linear, lance-shaped leaves, in opposite pairs along the stems.
Frequency (UK):
Rarely seen  
Similar Species:
Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

Click to open an Interactive Map