Open the Advanced Search

Caucasian Mullein

Verbascum pyramidatum

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.


Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
2 metres tall
Gardens, grassland, roadsides, wasteland.

Yellow, 5 petals
The stem at the top of the plant is many-branched, similar to a candelabra. Each branch contains a flower spike at the top. The cup-shaped flowers are yellow with purple-haired stamens. Purple anthers with purple hairs.
The fruit is egg-shaped.
A tall, upright plant with broadly lance-shaped leaves, up to 12 inches (30cm) long. Leaves are mainly basal, forming a basal rosette. Biennial or short-lived perennial. Can be found at Swaffham Prior, north east of Cambridge and also at Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire. Garden escape species.
Other Names:
Pyramid-shaped Mullein.
Frequency (UK):
Rarely seen  

Similar Species

Other Information


Verbascum pyramidatum, also known as pyramid-shaped mullein, is a perennial herb that is native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa. It is a member of the Scrophulariaceae family and can grow up to 2 meters tall. It has spikes of large, yellow or white flowers that bloom in the late spring and early summer. The leaves are green and covered in fine, soft hairs, and the plant has a tall, densely branched stem. Verbascum pyramidatum is not considered an invasive weed and it can be found in waste ground, roadsides, and along paths. It is not commonly used in traditional medicine or as a culinary herb, but it's commonly grown as an ornamental plant for its showy flowers and pyramid-shaped inflorescence.


Caucasian Mullein, also known as Verbascum pyramidatum, is a tall, biennial or perennial plant that belongs to the Scrophulariaceae family. It is native to the Caucasus Mountains of Russia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan, and can also be found in parts of Turkey and Iran.

The plant can grow up to 2 meters in height and has a rosette of leaves at the base. The leaves are large, grayish-green, and covered in a dense layer of hairs. The stem of the plant is also covered in hairs and produces multiple spikes of yellow flowers that bloom from late spring to early summer.

Caucasian Mullein has been used for various medicinal purposes for centuries. Its leaves and flowers contain compounds that have been shown to possess antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties. It has been used to treat respiratory ailments such as coughs, bronchitis, and asthma. It has also been used as a natural remedy for insomnia, anxiety, and depression.

In addition to its medicinal properties, Caucasian Mullein is also a beautiful and useful addition to any garden. Its tall spikes of yellow flowers attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies, and the plant can be used as a natural dye for fabrics. Its leaves can also be used as a natural insecticide.

When growing Caucasian Mullein, it is important to plant it in well-draining soil and in a sunny location. The plant prefers soil that is not too fertile and can tolerate dry conditions. It is a hardy plant that can survive in USDA zones 5-9.

Caucasian Mullein has a long history of use in traditional medicine. In Russia and Georgia, it has been used for centuries to treat respiratory infections, and in Iran, it has been used to treat fever and stomach issues. In modern times, studies have shown that the plant's extracts have antimicrobial properties, which can be useful in treating various infections.

Aside from its medicinal uses, the plant has cultural significance in some regions. In Georgian folklore, the plant is believed to have protective properties and is used to ward off evil spirits. The flowers are also used to decorate traditional costumes and headdresses during celebrations.

In addition to its traditional uses, Caucasian Mullein is also being studied for its potential as a source of natural products. Researchers are investigating the plant's chemical compounds to develop new drugs and pesticides. The plant's extracts have been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which could be useful in developing treatments for various diseases.

While Caucasian Mullein is generally considered safe for use in traditional medicine, it is important to consult a healthcare professional before using it to treat any medical condition. Some people may experience allergic reactions to the plant's extracts, and it may interact with certain medications.

Caucasian Mullein is also an important source of food for certain species of wildlife. The plant's seeds and leaves are eaten by various bird species, including the American Goldfinch and the Dark-eyed Junco. It is also a host plant for the Mullein Moth, which feeds on the leaves of the plant and uses it as a site for egg-laying.

The plant has also been used for various non-medicinal purposes. In ancient times, its soft leaves were used as a replacement for toilet paper, and its dried stems were used as torches. The plant's roots were used to make a yellow dye for textiles, and its leaves were used to line bee hives.

Despite its many benefits, Caucasian Mullein can also be invasive in some regions. The plant produces large amounts of seeds, which can quickly spread and crowd out native vegetation. In some areas, it is considered a noxious weed and efforts are being made to control its spread.

One interesting feature of the Caucasian Mullein plant is its adaptability to various growing conditions. It can tolerate both drought and excess moisture, and is resistant to pests and diseases. This makes it a good choice for gardeners who are looking for a low-maintenance plant that can thrive in a variety of environments.

Caucasian Mullein has also been used in traditional folk remedies for skin conditions, such as eczema and psoriasis. Its leaves and flowers contain compounds that have anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties, which can help to soothe irritated skin and promote healing.

In addition to its medicinal properties, the plant has also been used in landscaping and horticulture. Its tall spikes of yellow flowers make it a striking addition to flower beds and borders, and it can be used to add height and texture to garden designs.

One cautionary note about Caucasian Mullein is that its leaves and flowers can be irritating to the skin and eyes, particularly in people with sensitive skin. It is important to wear gloves and protective clothing when handling the plant, and to avoid contact with the eyes and mouth.

Overall, Caucasian Mullein is a versatile and valuable plant that offers a range of benefits, from its traditional medicinal uses to its ornamental and horticultural value. Whether you are looking for a natural remedy for respiratory ailments or skin conditions, or simply want to add a splash of color to your garden, Caucasian Mullein is a plant that is definitely worth considering.