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Tibetan Cowslip

Primula florindae

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Primulaceae (Primrose)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
30 centimetres tall
Beaches, gardens, meadows, riverbanks.

Yellow, 5 petals
The cluster of bright yellow flowers is one-sided and situated at the top of the plant. The flowers are tubular and nodding.
The fruit is a capsule.
A perennial with a single erect stem. All leaves are basal. The leaves are oblong to oval, wrinkly and not toothed. Leaves measure about 9 inches (20cm) in length. Like a giant Cowslip (Primula veris).
The flowers are fragrant.
Other Names:
Giant Cowslip.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Tibetan cowslip is a perennial flower found in the Himalayan region of Tibet, Bhutan, Nepal, and India. It is closely related to English cowslip (Primula veris). It has dense, woolly, dark green foliage and bright yellow flowers that bloom in clusters in late spring and early summer. The flowers have five petals and a yellow center. Tibetan cowslip is a popular ornamental plant and is often grown in gardens and rockeries.


Tibetan Cowslip, also known as Primula florindae, is a species of flowering plant that is native to the Himalayan region of Tibet. This plant is known for its unique and eye-catching appearance, as well as its many medicinal properties. In this blog, we will take a closer look at the Tibetan Cowslip, including its physical characteristics, habitat, and traditional uses.

Physical Characteristics: The Tibetan Cowslip is a perennial plant that grows up to 30 cm tall. It has bright green, hairy leaves that grow from a basal rosette. The leaves are oval or oblong in shape and are slightly crinkled. The plant produces a single, delicate stem that holds a cluster of bright yellow, bell-shaped flowers. Each flower has five petals that are fused together at the base and spread out into a bell shape. The flowers are surrounded by a series of green bracts that resemble leaves.

Habitat: Tibetan Cowslip is found in high-altitude regions of the Himalayas, ranging from elevations of 4,000 to 5,000 meters. The plant prefers moist, well-drained soils and thrives in areas that receive plenty of sunlight. In its native habitat, Tibetan Cowslip grows in alpine meadows and rocky cliffsides.

Traditional Uses: Tibetan Cowslip has been used for centuries in traditional Tibetan medicine for its many therapeutic properties. The plant is believed to have a calming effect on the body and mind, and is used to treat a variety of conditions, including stress, anxiety, and insomnia. In addition to its medicinal uses, Tibetan Cowslip is also valued for its beauty and is often used in traditional Tibetan festivals and celebrations.

Tibetan Cowslip is a beautiful and versatile plant that has played a significant role in Tibetan culture and medicine for centuries. Its unique physical characteristics, high-altitude habitat, and therapeutic properties make it a fascinating and valuable species. Whether you are a botanist, herbalist, or simply appreciate the beauty of nature, Tibetan Cowslip is definitely worth taking a closer look at.

In recent years, Tibetan Cowslip has gained popularity outside of its native region and is now grown in many parts of the world as an ornamental plant. Gardeners love it for its bright yellow flowers and attractive foliage, and it is often grown in rock gardens, alpine gardens, and as a border plant.

One of the great things about Tibetan Cowslip is its ease of care. The plant is relatively hardy and can tolerate a wide range of temperatures and soils. It is also relatively low-maintenance and does not require a lot of pruning or fertilization. However, it is important to protect the plant from heavy frost, as it is not frost-tolerant.

Tibetan Cowslip is also a great choice for those who are interested in wildflowers or natural landscaping. It is a great plant for attracting pollinators like bees and butterflies, and it provides a bright, cheerful display of flowers in the spring.

Tibetan Cowslip is a versatile, beautiful, and easy-to-care-for plant that is well worth adding to your garden. Whether you are interested in its medicinal properties, its ornamental value, or simply want to attract pollinators to your yard, Tibetan Cowslip is a plant that will not disappoint.

In addition to its ornamental and medicinal uses, Tibetan Cowslip is also an important food source for wildlife in its native habitat. The plant's leaves and flowers are a favorite food of grazing animals such as sheep, goats, and yaks, and its seeds provide a food source for birds and small mammals.

The plant is also an important part of the local culture in the Himalayan region. It is often used in traditional festivals and celebrations, and is considered to be a symbol of good luck and prosperity. In Tibetan Buddhist tradition, the plant is believed to have spiritual significance, and is sometimes used in rituals and ceremonies.

Despite its importance, Tibetan Cowslip is facing several threats in its native habitat. Climate change, habitat loss, and overgrazing are all contributing to a decline in the populations of this plant. Conservation efforts are underway to protect the plant and its habitat, but more needs to be done to ensure its survival in the wild.

In conclusion, Tibetan Cowslip is not only a beautiful and versatile plant, but it is also an important part of the ecosystem and local culture in the Himalayan region. It is up to us to ensure that this plant is protected and preserved for future generations to enjoy and benefit from. By learning more about this amazing plant, and taking steps to protect it, we can help to ensure its survival for many years to come.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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