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Oak-leaved Goosefoot

Chenopodium glaucum

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Amaranthaceae (Amaranth)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
1 metre tall
Fields, meadows, seaside, wasteland.

Green, no petals
Wind-pollinated flowers, in leafy spikes. The flowers themselves are minute and packed together into tight clusters.
The fruit is a dry seed containing wrinkled, flattened, roundish, reddish-brown seeds. The seeds ripen from August to October.
An annual flower with mealy-white, oak-like leaves. The leaves are irregularly lobed and whitish beneath. The leaves are alternate along the stems.
Other Names:
Oak-leafed Goosefoot.
Frequency (UK):

Other Information


Chenopodium glaucum, also known as oak-leaved goosefoot or oak-leafed goosefoot, is an annual plant in the Amaranthaceae family. It is native to Europe and western Asia, but it has been introduced to other parts of the world. The plant can reach a height of up to 1 meter and has green, lobed leaves that resemble oak leaves, and small, greenish-white flowers that bloom in the summer.

Chenopodium glaucum can be found in a variety of habitats, including cultivated fields, meadows, and disturbed soils. It is tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions, including dry and infertile soils, and is able to colonize in disturbed areas.

Like other Chenopodium species, it contains toxic compounds, such as saponins, and should not be consumed in large quantities. In some cases, it has been reported to cause skin rashes and other allergic reactions. It is not commonly used for food or medicinal purposes, and is considered a weed in agricultural lands. It is generally controlled by means of physical removal or chemical treatment.


Oak-leaved Goosefoot, also known as Chenopodium glaucum, is an annual herb that belongs to the Amaranthaceae family. It is commonly found in North America, Europe, and Asia, and is often considered a weed due to its prolific growth and ability to adapt to a wide range of environments. Despite this reputation, Oak-leaved Goosefoot has a long history of use in traditional medicine and as a food source.

Description and Habitat

Oak-leaved Goosefoot is an annual plant that grows up to 1 meter in height. Its leaves are a distinctive deep green color, shaped like oak leaves, and are covered in fine hairs. The plant produces small green flowers that grow in clusters, which eventually develop into tiny, round, black seeds. It is a hardy plant that can grow in a wide range of habitats, including fields, meadows, waste ground, and along roadsides.

Traditional Uses

Oak-leaved Goosefoot has a long history of use in traditional medicine. It has been used to treat a wide range of ailments, including digestive problems, respiratory issues, and skin conditions. The plant contains a range of compounds that have been found to have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antioxidant properties. In traditional Chinese medicine, Oak-leaved Goosefoot is used to treat diarrhea, dysentery, and intestinal inflammation.

Food Source

Oak-leaved Goosefoot has also been used as a food source for centuries. The leaves can be cooked and eaten like spinach, and the seeds can be ground into a flour and used to make bread, porridge, or other baked goods. The plant is highly nutritious, containing high levels of vitamins A and C, calcium, and iron.

Modern Uses

In modern times, Oak-leaved Goosefoot is still used in some traditional medicine practices, but it is also being studied for its potential as a source of bioactive compounds. Researchers have found that the plant contains a range of compounds that have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties. These properties make it a promising candidate for use in the development of new medicines and supplements.

Benefits of Oak-leaved Goosefoot

As mentioned, Oak-leaved Goosefoot has a range of potential health benefits due to its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties. Here are some of the ways it may be helpful:

  1. Digestive Health: Oak-leaved Goosefoot has traditionally been used to treat digestive issues like diarrhea, dysentery, and intestinal inflammation. Its high fiber content may also help improve digestion and promote regularity.

  2. Respiratory Health: The plant has been used to treat respiratory issues like coughs and bronchitis. Its anti-inflammatory properties may help reduce inflammation in the respiratory tract and improve breathing.

  3. Skin Health: Oak-leaved Goosefoot may also have benefits for the skin. Its antioxidant properties may help protect against damage from free radicals, and its anti-inflammatory properties may help reduce inflammation and redness.

  4. Immune Health: The plant contains a range of compounds that may help boost the immune system, including flavonoids, saponins, and tannins.

  5. Nutritional Benefits: Oak-leaved Goosefoot is a good source of several key nutrients, including vitamins A and C, calcium, and iron.

Possible Side Effects

While Oak-leaved Goosefoot is generally considered safe for consumption, some people may experience allergic reactions or digestive issues when consuming it. As with any new supplement or herb, it is recommended to start with a small dose and monitor for any adverse reactions.

Culinary Uses

Oak-leaved Goosefoot is also a popular ingredient in traditional cuisines around the world. The leaves can be cooked and eaten like spinach, and the seeds can be ground into a flour and used to make bread, porridge, or other baked goods. The leaves can also be used to make tea or added to salads.

In traditional Mexican cuisine, Oak-leaved Goosefoot is known as huauzontle and is often used in a dish called rellenos de huauzontle, which consists of the leaves stuffed with cheese or meat and fried. In Korea, it is known as deodeok and is often pickled or used in soups and stews.

In addition to its culinary uses, Oak-leaved Goosefoot has also been used to make dye. The leaves and stems can be boiled to create a green dye, while the seeds can be used to make a black dye.

Conservation Status

While Oak-leaved Goosefoot is considered a weed in many areas, some species within the Chenopodium genus are endangered or threatened. It is important to ensure that the harvesting and cultivation of Oak-leaved Goosefoot is done sustainably and does not harm other species.

In conclusion, Oak-leaved Goosefoot is a versatile plant with a long history of traditional use as both a medicinal herb and a food source. As research into its potential health benefits continues, it is possible that it may become more widely recognized as a valuable supplement or ingredient. However, it is important to always practice sustainability and responsible harvesting to ensure that the plant can continue to thrive for generations to come.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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