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Goat Willow

Salix caprea

Plant Data

Order:
Malpighiales
Family:
Salicaceae (Willow)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
Catkins appearing on separate trees. The shorter male oval catkins are grey with yellow pollen. The longer female catkins are green.
Fruit:
Once the female catkins have been pollinated, they develop into the seed capsules. The plumed seeds are woolly in appearance.
Leaves:
A deciduous shrub. The leaves are arranged alternately along the stems. They are quite long-stalked and stipules are present at the leaf bases. The tips of the leaves are often bent or twisted. The margins of the leaves are either sparsely toothed, or not toothed at all. Upper leaf surfaces are lightly haired or hairless. Lower leaf surfaces are paler and short-haired. Leaves reach a maximum of 10cm long. The Goat Willow has unusually broad leaves for a Willow. You can fold a leaf in half so the tip touches the base and you should notice that the leaf is roughly symmetrical on both sides.
Maximum Size:
10 meters tall.
Other Names:
European Pussy Willow, Florist's Willow, French Pussy Willow, Great Sallow, Kilmarnock Willow, Northamptonshire Palm, Palm Willow, Pussy Willow, Sallow, Sally.
Habitats:
Ditches, farmland, hedgerows, marshes, mountains, roadsides, scrub, swamps, waterside, wetland, woodland.