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Golden Dock

Rumex maritimus

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Polygonaceae (Dock)
Life Cycle:
Annual or Perennial
Maximum Size:
50 centimetres tall
Beaches, cliffs, sand dunes, sea cliffs, seaside.

Yellow, 6 petals
The flowers appear in branched whorls up the stem. Each whorl consists of 15 to 30 triangular flowers. Wind pollinated.
The well-toothed fruits are triangular in cross section with three membranous, oblong warts which surround a tubercle (small, round projection). In fruit from July to September.
An annual to short-lived perennial dock with wavy-edged, very narrow basal leaves, between 1 and 3cm wide. The leaves are longer than most other dock species. The entire plant turns golden yellow when in fruit (from July to September). The stems are round with narrow grooves. Grows in wet places, especially by water.
Other Names:
Bristle Dock, Rock Rock, Sea Dock, Seashore Dock.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Rumex maritimus, also known as the sea dock or rock dock, is a perennial plant species in the buckwheat family (Polygonaceae). It is native to Europe and is commonly found in coastal habitats such as sandy beaches, cliffs, and dunes. The plant has large, oblong leaves and small green flowers that grow in clusters. The roots, leaves, and stems of R. maritimus have been used medicinally in some traditional systems to treat a variety of ailments, although there is limited scientific evidence to support these uses. The plant is also sometimes used as a food source, although it is not as well known or widely cultivated as some other species in the Rumex genus.


Golden Dock (Rumex maritimus) is a species of flowering plant that belongs to the family Polygonaceae. It is a native of Europe and Asia and has been widely distributed throughout the world, including North America, where it has naturalized in many coastal areas. This plant is well known for its bright yellow flowers that bloom in late summer and fall, which makes it an attractive addition to any garden.

Golden Dock is a hardy plant that can grow in a variety of soils and conditions. It thrives in moist soils and full sun but can also grow in partially shaded areas. It can grow up to 2 meters tall and is often used as a background plant in garden beds. Its long and narrow leaves are green in color and have a slightly glossy appearance, making it an attractive foliage plant as well.

The bright yellow flowers of Golden Dock bloom in clusters and are composed of small individual flowers that are surrounded by bright yellow bracts. These flowers are very attractive to a wide range of pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. The flowers are followed by seed pods that mature in late fall and can be used to propagate new plants.

Golden Dock is an excellent plant for coastal gardens as it is salt-tolerant and can withstand the harsh conditions that are often found near the coast. It is also a great plant for wetland gardens, as it can tolerate standing water for short periods of time. In addition, it is very drought-tolerant once established, making it a low-maintenance plant for gardeners who do not have a lot of time to spend on watering and care.

Golden Dock is a versatile and attractive plant that can add color and interest to any garden. Its bright yellow flowers and glossy leaves make it an eye-catching addition to any landscape, and its tolerance for a wide range of conditions makes it a low-maintenance choice for gardeners of all levels of experience. Whether you are planting it in a coastal garden, a wetland garden, or simply as a background plant in a mixed border, Golden Dock is a plant that is sure to impress.

Golden Dock is also a highly medicinal plant and has been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments. The roots, leaves, and seeds of this plant have been used to treat a number of conditions, including digestive problems, skin conditions, and joint pain. The root of the plant is high in tannins and can be used as an astringent to treat diarrhea, while the leaves have been used to treat wounds and skin irritations. The seeds of Golden Dock have been used as a natural remedy for joint pain, as they are high in anti-inflammatory compounds.

In addition to its medicinal properties, Golden Dock is also an important food source for wildlife, particularly in the fall and winter when other food sources are scarce. The leaves and seeds of the plant are high in vitamins and minerals, and provide an important source of nutrition for a wide range of animals, including birds, squirrels, and rabbits.

Golden Dock is also a valuable plant for erosion control, as its deep roots help to stabilize the soil and prevent erosion. This makes it an excellent choice for planting along riverbanks and on slopes. In addition, Golden Dock is very easy to grow and can be propagated from seed or by division.

Overall, Golden Dock is a plant that offers many benefits, both to the gardener and to the environment. Its bright yellow flowers, glossy leaves, and versatile growing conditions make it an attractive addition to any garden, while its medicinal properties, food source for wildlife, and erosion control benefits make it a valuable plant for the environment. So if you are looking for a plant that is both beautiful and practical, consider adding Golden Dock to your garden.

Golden Dock is also an important plant for traditional and indigenous cultures, who have used it for both medicinal and spiritual purposes for thousands of years. In some cultures, it was used to treat digestive problems, as well as to ward off evil spirits and bring good luck.

Another great aspect of Golden Dock is its versatility in landscaping. It can be used in a variety of ways, including as a mass planting, in mixed borders, as a background plant, and even in containers. Its long and narrow leaves make it an excellent plant for creating a natural screen, while its bright yellow flowers make it a great choice for adding color to any garden.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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