Open the Advanced Search


Trichophorum cespitosum

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.


Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Cyperaceae (Sedge)
Also in this family:
American Galingale, Birdsfoot Sedge, Black Alpine Sedge, Black Bog-rush, Bladder Sedge, Bog Sedge, Bottle Sedge, Bristle Club-rush, Bristle Sedge, Broad-leaved Cotton-grass, Brown Beak-sedge, Brown Bog-rush, Chestnut Rush, Close-headed Alpine Sedge, Club Sedge, Common Club-rush, Common Cotton-grass, Common Sedge, Common Spike-rush, Curved Sedge, Dioecious Sedge, Distant Sedge, Divided Sedge, Dotted Sedge, Downy-fruited Sedge, Dwarf Sedge, Dwarf Spike-rush, Estuarine Sedge, False Fox Sedge, False Sedge, Few-flowered Sedge, Few-flowered Spike-rush, Fibrous Tussock Sedge, Fingered Sedge, Flat Sedge, Flea Sedge, Floating Club-rush, Gingerbread Sedge, Glaucous Sedge, Great Fen Sedge, Greater Pond Sedge, Greater Tussock Sedge, Green-ribbed Sedge, Grey Club-rush, Grey Sedge, Hair Sedge, Hairy Sedge, Haresfoot Sedge, Hare's-tail Cotton-grass, Heath Sedge, Hop Sedge, Large Yellow Sedge, Lesser Pond Sedge, Lesser Tussock Sedge, Long-bracted Sedge, Many-stalked Spike-rush, Mountain Bog Sedge, Needle Spike-rush, Northern Deergrass, Northern Spike-rush, Oval Sedge, Pale Sedge, Pendulous Sedge, Perennial Sedge, Pill Sedge, Prickly Sedge, Remote Sedge, Rock Sedge, Round-headed Club-rush, Russet Sedge, Salt Sedge, Sand Sedge, Scorched Alpine Sedge, Sea Club-rush, Sheathed Sedge, Slender Club-rush, Slender Cotton-grass, Slender Sedge, Slender Spike-rush, Slender Tufted Sedge, Smooth-stalked Sedge, Soft-leaved Sedge, Spiked Sedge, Spring Sedge, Star Sedge, Starved Wood Sedge, Stiff Sedge, String Sedge, Sweet Galingale, Tall Bog Sedge, Tawny Sedge, Thin-spiked Wood Sedge, Triangular Club-rush, True Fox Sedge, Tufted Sedge, Water Sedge, White Beak-sedge, White Sedge, Wood Club-rush, Wood Sedge, Yellow Sedge
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
35 centimetres tall
Bogs, ditches, fens, grassland, heathland, marshes, meadows, moorland, mountains, ponds, riversides, waterside, wetland, woodland.

Brown, no petals
Deergrass produces inconspicuous flowers in spikelets. The small, brownish flowers are arranged in dense clusters, adding subtle interest to the overall appearance of the plant. These flowers contribute to the reproductive cycle of the species, allowing for seed production. While not known for showy or vibrant blooms, the modest flowers of deergrass are a functional aspect of its life cycle in wetland ecosystems.
Deergrass produces small, inconspicuous fruits. These fruits are typically seed-like and are part of the plant's reproductive structure. While not known for showy or significant fruiting, the small seeds play a crucial role in the dispersal and propagation of the species. The fruits are often a subtle component of the overall appearance of deergrass, contributing to its reproductive cycle in wetland habitats.
The leaves of deergrass are slender and grass-like in appearance. They grow in tufts or tussocks, forming dense clumps. The foliage is characterised by long, arching blades that contribute to the plant's distinctive and visually appealing growth pattern. The leaves typically maintain a green colour during the growing season and may exhibit potential autumnal tints, adding to the plant's seasonal aesthetic appeal. The overall structure of the leaves and their arrangement in tufted clusters are key features of deergrass in various wetland habitats.
Deergrass is not typically known for having a distinctive fragrance. Unlike some flowering plants that are cultivated for their aromatic qualities, deergrass is valued more for its visual appeal and ecological contributions rather than any notable scent. As a grass-like plant with inconspicuous flowers, it is not a species that is commonly associated with fragrant characteristics.
Other Names:
German Rush, Spikerush, Three-way Sedge, Tufted Bulrush, Tussock Sedge.
Frequency (UK):
Occasionally seen  

Similar Species

Other Information


Deergrass is native to western North America, where it grows in a variety of habitats including chaparral, grasslands, and oak woodlands. The plant is characterized by its blue-green foliage and delicate, pink or purple flowers that bloom in late summer or early fall. Deergrass is often used in landscaping and erosion control, as well as in naturalized plantings. It is drought-tolerant and can thrive in poor soil conditions.


Deergrass (Trichophorum germanicum) is a species of grass that is native to North America and Europe. It is commonly found in wetlands, marshes, and bogs, and is a vital component of many freshwater ecosystems. This plant is also known by other names such as Spikerush, Three-way Sedge, and German Rush, and is highly prized for its beauty, versatility, and environmental benefits.

Deergrass is a type of rush that grows up to three feet tall and is characterized by its long, narrow leaves and spike-like inflorescences. The leaves of the plant are bright green in color and are usually between two and eight inches long. The spikes of the plant are typically one to three inches long and are made up of small flowers that are arranged in a spiral pattern. These spikes can be yellow, green, or brown in color and provide a source of food for many species of wildlife, including birds, deer, and insects.

One of the key benefits of deergrass is its ability to help prevent soil erosion. Its strong root system helps to anchor the soil and prevent it from being washed away by heavy rains or flooding. This makes deergrass a popular choice for erosion control in wetland and marsh areas. The plant is also able to tolerate a wide range of growing conditions, from dry and nutrient-poor soils to areas that are frequently inundated with water.

In addition to its environmental benefits, deergrass is also highly prized for its ornamental value. It is a popular choice for landscaping in wet areas, such as near ponds, streams, and other bodies of water. The plant's bright green leaves and delicate spikes add a touch of natural beauty to any landscape, and its ability to thrive in wet conditions makes it a low-maintenance choice for gardeners.

Deergrass is also an important plant for wildlife, as it provides habitat and food for many species. The leaves of the plant are eaten by geese, ducks, and other waterbirds, and its spikes provide a source of seeds for small mammals such as voles and mice. Additionally, deergrass is a favored nesting site for many species of wetland birds, such as rails, herons, and bitterns.

Deergrass (Trichophorum germanicum) is a versatile, beautiful, and environmentally beneficial plant that is well-suited to a wide range of growing conditions.

Another aspect of deergrass that makes it so unique is its ability to adapt to various growing conditions. It is highly resistant to disease, pests, and harsh weather conditions, making it an ideal plant for wetland areas. This plant is also capable of producing its own fertilizer, as it is able to extract nutrients from the surrounding soil and water.

Deergrass is a great plant for those looking to create a sustainable ecosystem in their garden or landscaping. It is able to provide shelter, food, and habitat for a wide variety of wildlife, making it an important part of the overall ecosystem. Additionally, deergrass is also a great plant for attracting beneficial insects such as dragonflies and damselflies, which help to control populations of other insects that can be harmful to your garden.

Another advantage of deergrass is that it is very easy to grow and maintain. Once established, the plant requires very little care and will continue to grow and thrive with minimal attention. This makes deergrass an ideal choice for gardeners who are looking for low-maintenance plants that will provide long-term benefits to their environment.

There are a few different varieties of deergrass, each with its own unique characteristics. Some of the most common varieties include Trichophorum cespitosum, Trichophorum pumilum, and Trichophorum planifolium. These varieties differ in terms of their height, leaf texture, and spike color, so it is important to choose the right variety for your specific growing conditions.

Deergrass is a highly versatile, beautiful, and environmentally beneficial plant that is well-suited to a wide range of growing conditions. Whether you are looking to prevent soil erosion, add a touch of natural beauty to your landscape, or provide habitat and food for wildlife, deergrass is an excellent choice.

It's also worth mentioning that deergrass is a popular choice for use in wetland and marsh restoration projects. The plant's strong root system and ability to tolerate a wide range of growing conditions make it an ideal choice for stabilizing soil in these sensitive areas. By planting deergrass in areas that have been degraded, it can help to restore the natural balance of the ecosystem, creating a healthy and sustainable environment for wildlife to thrive.

In addition to its practical uses, deergrass is also a great choice for use in naturalistic landscaping and garden design. The plant's delicate spikes and bright green leaves can provide a subtle but beautiful accent to any landscape. It can also be used as a groundcover in wetland and marsh areas, where it will spread over time to create a lush and verdant landscape.

Deergrass is also a popular choice for use in wildflower meadows, where it can add texture and interest to the overall design. This plant is also a great choice for use in rock gardens and around water features, where its delicate spikes can provide a beautiful contrast to the surrounding hardscape.

In conclusion, deergrass is an amazing plant with a wide range of benefits and uses. Whether you are looking to stabilize soil in a degraded wetland area, add natural beauty to your garden, or create a sustainable ecosystem, deergrass is an excellent choice. With its low maintenance requirements, versatility, and beauty, it is no wonder that this amazing plant is becoming an increasingly popular choice for gardeners and landscapers alike.

30 Stunning Deergrass Facts

  1. Botanical Identity: Trichophorum cespitosum, also known as deergrass or tussock sedge, is a perennial grass-like plant.

  2. Habitat Preference: This plant is typically found in wetlands, marshes, and damp meadows, showcasing an affinity for moist environments.

  3. Compact Growth: Deergrass forms dense tussocks or clumps, creating a distinctive and visually appealing growth pattern.

  4. Height and Appearance: It typically reaches heights of 30-60 centimeters, with slender, grass-like stems and inconspicuous flowers.

  5. Flowering Characteristics: Deergrass produces small, brownish flowers in spikelets, adding subtle interest to its overall appearance.

  6. Wetland Indicator: Its presence is often used as an indicator of wetland conditions due to its preference for waterlogged soils.

  7. Native Distribution: Trichophorum cespitosum is native to various regions, including parts of Europe, Asia, and North America.

  8. Adaptability: Deergrass exhibits adaptability to a range of soil types, from acidic to alkaline, making it versatile in different ecological settings.

  9. Wildlife Support: The dense tussocks provide shelter for small animals and birds, contributing to the biodiversity of wetland ecosystems.

  10. Seasonal Changes: The plant undergoes seasonal changes in color, with green foliage in the growing season and potential autumnal tints.

  11. Soil Stabilization: Like other grass-like plants, deergrass plays a role in stabilizing soil, preventing erosion in wetland areas.

  12. Garden Ornament: In addition to its natural habitat, deergrass is cultivated in gardens and landscapes, adding a unique texture to plantings.

  13. Low Maintenance: Once established, Trichophorum cespitosum is generally low-maintenance, requiring minimal care in suitable conditions.

  14. Winter Hardiness: This species exhibits winter hardiness, maintaining its form and structure even in colder months.

  15. Rhizomatous Growth: Deergrass often spreads through rhizomes, allowing it to form colonies and cover larger areas over time.

  16. Ideal for Rain Gardens: Given its affinity for moist conditions, deergrass is a suitable choice for rain gardens and water features.

  17. Conservation Role: The plant may play a role in wetland conservation and restoration efforts, helping recreate or maintain native ecosystems.

  18. Cultural Uses: Historically, some indigenous communities used parts of deergrass for various purposes, including basketry and thatching.

  19. Bird Habitat: The dense growth of deergrass provides a habitat for ground-nesting birds, supporting avian biodiversity.

  20. Tolerant of Water Fluctuations: Deergrass shows tolerance to water level fluctuations in wetland environments, adapting to changing conditions.

  21. Sedge Family Member: Trichophorum cespitosum belongs to the Cyperaceae family, commonly known as the sedge family.

  22. Wetland Restoration: Due to its ecological characteristics, deergrass may be used in wetland restoration projects to enhance biodiversity.

  23. Landscaping Appeal: Its distinctive growth habit and adaptability make deergrass a valuable addition to landscaping designs.

  24. Aquatic Buffer: Planted along the edges of ponds or water bodies, deergrass can act as a buffer, preventing soil erosion into aquatic environments.

  25. Horticultural Selections: Different cultivars and varieties of deergrass may be available, offering variations in height, color, or growth habits.

  26. Ephemeral Appearance: In some seasons, deergrass may appear wispy and ephemeral, creating a dreamy quality in wetland landscapes.

  27. Erosion Control: The dense root system aids in soil stabilization, making deergrass effective in controlling erosion along watercourses.

  28. Diversity Indicator: Its presence in wetlands contributes to the overall diversity of plant species in these unique ecosystems.

  29. Revegetation Potential: Deergrass can be part of revegetation efforts in areas where natural vegetation has been disturbed.

  30. Educational Value: Studying the growth patterns and ecological interactions of Trichophorum cespitosum provides educational insights into wetland ecosystems.


Deergrass filmed at Kentmere in the Lake District on the 1st June 2023.


Please remember to Like and Subscribe to the WildFlowerWeb YouTube channel at

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

Click to open an Interactive Map