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Lesser Tussock Sedge

Carex diandra

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Cyperaceae (Sedge)
Also in this family:
American Galingale, Birdsfoot Sedge, Black Alpine Sedge, Black Bog-rush, Bladder Sedge, Bog Sedge, Bottle Sedge, Bristle Club-rush, Bristle Sedge, Broad-leaved Cotton-grass, Brown Beak-sedge, Brown Bog-rush, Chestnut Rush, Close-headed Alpine Sedge, Club Sedge, Common Club-rush, Common Cotton-grass, Common Sedge, Common Spike-rush, Curved Sedge, Deergrass, Dioecious Sedge, Distant Sedge, Divided Sedge, Dotted Sedge, Downy-fruited Sedge, Dwarf Sedge, Dwarf Spike-rush, Estuarine Sedge, False Fox Sedge, False Sedge, Few-flowered Sedge, Few-flowered Spike-rush, Fibrous Tussock Sedge, Fingered Sedge, Flat Sedge, Flea Sedge, Floating Club-rush, Gingerbread Sedge, Glaucous Sedge, Great Fen Sedge, Greater Pond Sedge, Greater Tussock Sedge, Green-ribbed Sedge, Grey Club-rush, Grey Sedge, Hair Sedge, Hairy Sedge, Haresfoot Sedge, Hare's-tail Cotton-grass, Heath Sedge, Hop Sedge, Large Yellow Sedge, Lesser Pond Sedge, Long-bracted Sedge, Many-stalked Spike-rush, Mountain Bog Sedge, Needle Spike-rush, Northern Deergrass, Northern Spike-rush, Oval Sedge, Pale Sedge, Pendulous Sedge, Perennial Sedge, Pill Sedge, Prickly Sedge, Remote Sedge, Rock Sedge, Round-headed Club-rush, Russet Sedge, Salt Sedge, Sand Sedge, Scorched Alpine Sedge, Sea Club-rush, Sheathed Sedge, Slender Club-rush, Slender Cotton-grass, Slender Sedge, Slender Spike-rush, Slender Tufted Sedge, Smooth-stalked Sedge, Soft-leaved Sedge, Spiked Sedge, Spring Sedge, Star Sedge, Starved Wood Sedge, Stiff Sedge, String Sedge, Sweet Galingale, Tall Bog Sedge, Tawny Sedge, Thin-spiked Wood Sedge, Triangular Club-rush, True Fox Sedge, Tufted Sedge, Water Sedge, White Beak-sedge, White Sedge, Wood Club-rush, Wood Sedge, Yellow Sedge
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
90 centimetres tall
Bogs, ditches, fens, gardens, marshes, meadows, riverbanks, riversides, swamps, waterside, wetland, woodland.

Brown, no petals
Dark brown flowers. The flower spike reaches a maximum of 5cm in length. Spikelets are stalkless, or almost stalkless.
Beaked fruit, up to 3.5mm long.
Clump-forming. Alternate, greyish-green leaves with translucent white edges. At most, the widest leaves are 3mm across. The stems are triangular in cross-section. The leaf sheaths are white and heavily dotted with reddish-brown.
Other Names:
Bog Panicled Sedge, Lesser Panicled Sedge.
Frequency (UK):
Occasionally seen  

Similar Species

Other Information


Carex diandra, also known as Lesser Tussock-sedge, is a species of sedge that is native to Europe and Asia. It typically grows in wetland habitats such as marshes, fens, and along the edges of streams and rivers. The plant has narrow, smooth leaves and small, inconspicuous flowers that appear in the spring or early summer. Carex diandra is a herbaceous perennial plant that typically grows to be about 30-90 cm tall. The plant can be used in landscaping and gardening, especially for wetland restoration projects and for erosion control in damp areas. Carex diandra has a distinctive feature of having small tufts of leaves at the base of the stem, resembling tussocks.


Lesser Tussock Sedge, also known as Carex diandra, is a species of sedge that belongs to the family Cyperaceae. It is a native plant of North America and is found in a variety of wetland habitats such as bogs, fens, swamps, and marshes.

Lesser Tussock Sedge is a perennial plant that grows up to a height of 2 to 3 feet. It has narrow, green leaves that grow from the base and form dense clumps. The leaves are slightly arching and have a rough texture. The plant also produces tall, slender stems that are topped with clusters of small, green flowers. The flowers bloom in late spring to early summer and are followed by small, brown fruits that contain seeds.

One of the key features of Lesser Tussock Sedge is its ability to adapt to a wide range of soil and water conditions. It can grow in both acidic and alkaline soils and can tolerate both saturated and dry soil conditions. This makes it a valuable plant for wetland restoration projects.

Lesser Tussock Sedge also provides a number of ecological benefits. It helps to stabilize soil and prevent erosion, and its dense root system helps to filter water and reduce nutrient runoff. The plant also provides habitat for a variety of wildlife, including birds, small mammals, and insects.

In addition to its ecological benefits, Lesser Tussock Sedge has also been used for a variety of traditional medicinal purposes. It has been used as a diuretic to help alleviate urinary tract infections, and has also been used to treat headaches, stomachaches, and other ailments.

Lesser Tussock Sedge is a relatively low-maintenance plant that can be easily grown in a garden setting. It prefers moist soil conditions and partial shade, but can also tolerate full sun. It can be propagated by division, and should be divided every few years to maintain its vigor.

Lesser Tussock Sedge is a valuable plant for wetland restoration projects, and provides a number of ecological benefits. It is also a low-maintenance plant that can be easily grown in a garden setting, and has been used for a variety of traditional medicinal purposes. If you are looking for a versatile, eco-friendly plant to add to your garden or wetland restoration project, consider planting Lesser Tussock Sedge.

Lesser Tussock Sedge, like many other sedges, is an important part of wetland ecosystems. Wetlands are some of the most productive ecosystems on Earth, and are home to a wide variety of plants and animals. They also provide important services to humans, such as water filtration, flood control, and carbon sequestration.

However, wetlands are also one of the most threatened ecosystems on Earth. They are often drained and converted for agricultural or urban use, or impacted by pollution and other human activities. This has led to a decline in wetland plant and animal species, and has resulted in the loss of many of the ecosystem services that wetlands provide.

Planting Lesser Tussock Sedge and other wetland plants can help to restore wetland ecosystems and their associated ecosystem services. In addition, wetland restoration projects can also provide a number of benefits to local communities, such as increased recreational opportunities and improved water quality.

There are many organizations that are working to restore wetlands and promote wetland conservation. These include government agencies, non-profit organizations, and private landowners. If you are interested in getting involved in wetland conservation, there are many ways to do so, such as volunteering for a wetland restoration project, donating to a wetland conservation organization, or advocating for wetland conservation policies.

Lesser Tussock Sedge is an important plant for wetland restoration and conservation, and can provide a number of ecological benefits. By planting wetland plants like Lesser Tussock Sedge and supporting wetland conservation efforts, we can help to protect and restore one of the most important ecosystems on Earth.

Lesser Tussock Sedge is also an important food source for a variety of wildlife, including waterfowl, songbirds, and small mammals. The plant's seeds are a particularly important food source for birds, and its dense clumps provide cover for small animals.

In addition, Lesser Tussock Sedge has cultural significance for some Indigenous communities. It has been used in traditional basketry and weaving, and its leaves have been used to make rope and cordage. The plant has also been used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, such as respiratory problems and digestive disorders.

However, it is important to note that while Lesser Tussock Sedge has many benefits, it can also become invasive in some areas. When planting this species, it is important to ensure that it is not being introduced into an area where it could potentially become invasive and outcompete native plant species.

Overall, Lesser Tussock Sedge is an important plant species with ecological, cultural, and medicinal significance. By understanding its role in wetland ecosystems and supporting efforts to conserve and restore wetlands, we can help to ensure that this important plant species and the ecosystems it supports will continue to thrive for generations to come.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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