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Common Spotted Orchid

Dactylorhiza fuchsii

Plant Data

Order:
Asparagales
Family:
Orchidaceae (Orchid)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
Dense pointed spike of white to pale or dark purple flowers with darker purple dots. Spurred lower lip with wavy lobes which are marked with darker lines.
Fruit:
A seed capsule.
Leaves:
The leaves are keeled, long and linear, and usually with dark spots.
Maximum Size:
50cm tall.
Foraging Notes:
The roots can be cooked and eaten. They are a source of 'salep' which is very nutritious. Salep is pale yellow and can be ground down into a powder. It smells unpleasant but has a sweet taste.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Aroma:
Flower is weakly-scented.
Other Names:
Magglyn Breckey, Woodland Spotted Orchid.
Habitats:
Fens, grassland, heathland, hedgerows, marshes, meadows, roadsides, sand dunes, scrub, wetland, woodland.