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Dame's-violet

Hesperis matronalis

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.

Plant Data

Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Order:
Brassicales
Family:
Brassicaceae (Cabbage)
Type:
Flower
Maximum Size:
1 metre tall
Habitats:
Ditches, gardens, grassland, hedgerows, meadows, riverbanks, roadsides, wasteland, wetland, woodland.

Flower:
֍
Variable in colour, 4 petals
 
Very variable in colour ranging from purple, lilac and white, 4 petals, up to 2cm across. Similar-looking flower to Phlox, but Phlox has 5 petals and not 4.
Fruit:
Slender, elongated, cylindrical pods, each up to 4 inches long. They emerge outwards from the main stem and then curves upwards. Each pod contains a single row of seeds.
Leaves:
Lanceolate, mostly stalkless with toothed margins, up to 5 inches long. The base of the leaf is rounded and leaf tip tapers into a point.
Aroma:
Flowers are very pungent.
Other Names:
Damask-violet, Dame's Gilliflower, Dame's Rocket, Dame's Violet, Dame's-wort, Garden Rocket, Mother-of-the-Evening, Night-scented Gilliflower, Queen's Gilliflower, Rogue's Gilliflower, Summer Lilac, Sweet Rocket, Winter Gilliflower.
Frequency (UK):
Common  
Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

Click to open an Interactive Map