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Brassica napus rapifera

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Brassicaceae (Cabbage)
Also in this family:
Alpine Pennycress, Alpine Rock-cress, American Wintercress, Annual Wall Rocket, Austrian Yellowcress, Awlwort, Bastard Cabbage, Black Mustard, Bristol Rock-cress, Charlock, Common Scurvygrass, Common Whitlowgrass, Coralroot, Creeping Yellowcress, Cuckooflower, Dame's-violet, Danish Scurvygrass, Dittander, Early Wintercress, Eastern Rocket, English Scurvygrass, Evergreen Candytuft, False London Rocket, Field Pennycress, Field Pepperwort, Flixweed, Garden Arabis, Garden Candytuft, Garden Cress, Garden Radish, Garden Rocket, Garlic Mustard, Glabrous Whitlowgrass, Gold of Pleasure, Great Yellowcress, Greater Cuckooflower, Greater Periwinkle, Greater Swinecress, Hairy Bittercress, Hairy Rock-cress, Hairy Rocket, Hairy Whitlowgrass, Hedge Mustard, Hoary Cress, Hoary Mustard, Hoary Stock, Hoary Whitlowgrass, Honesty, Horseradish, Hutchinsia, Hybrid Watercress, Intermediate Periwinkle, Isle of Man Cabbage, Large Bittercress, Lesser Swinecress, London Rocket, Lundy Cabbage, Marsh Yellowcress, Mountain Scurvygrass, Narrow-fruited Watercress, Narrow-leaved Bittercress, Narrow-leaved Pepperwort, Northern Rock-cress, Northern Yellowcress, Oilseed Rape, Perennial Rocket, Perennial Wall Rocket, Perfoliate Pennycress, Pinnate Coralroot, Purple Rock-cress, Pyrenean Scurvygrass, Rock Whitlowgrass, Russian Rocket, Scottish Scurvygrass, Sea Kale, Sea Radish, Sea Rocket, Sea Stock, Shepherd's Cress, Shepherd's Purse, Small-flowered Wintercress, Smith's Pepperwort, Steppe Cabbage, Sweet Alyssum, Tall Rocket, Thale Cress, Tower Mustard, Treacle Mustard, Trefoil Cress, Turnip, Wall Whitlowgrass, Wallflower, Wallflower Cabbage, Warty Cabbage, Watercress, Wavy Bittercress, White Mustard, Wild Cabbage, Wild Candytuft, Wild Radish, Wild Turnip, Wintercress, Woad, Yellow Whitlowgrass
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
120 centimetres tall
Fields, wasteland.

Yellow, 4 petals
Yellow flowers, similar to Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus) with drabber flowers and much less frequently seen (UK).
The fruit is an elongated, 2-sectioned capsule or pod.
Hairless, bluish-green leaves. Scalloped leaf margins.
Other Names:
Canola, Rapeseed, Rutabaga.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Brassica napus rapifera is a subspecies of the oilseed rape plant, also known as canola or rapeseed. This subspecies is known for its high oil content and is commonly grown for the production of vegetable oil and animal feed. It is a member of the Brassicaceae family, which also includes plants such as broccoli, cauliflower, and mustard.


The Swede plant, also known as rutabaga, is a popular root vegetable that is widely cultivated in temperate regions around the world. Its scientific name is Brassica napus rapifera, and it is a member of the Brassicaceae family, which includes other popular vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, and kale.

The Swede plant is believed to have originated in Scandinavia, where it was first cultivated in the 17th century. It is a biennial plant that is grown as an annual, and it typically reaches a height of 30-60 cm. The leaves of the Swede plant are large and crinkled, and they grow from a thick, fleshy stem. The root of the plant is large, bulbous, and yellow in color, and it has a sweet, slightly nutty flavor.

One of the most important features of the Swede plant is its nutritional value. It is a rich source of vitamin C, which is essential for maintaining a healthy immune system, and it also contains significant amounts of vitamin B6, potassium, and fiber. Swede is also a good source of antioxidants, which can help to protect the body against the damaging effects of free radicals.

In addition to its nutritional value, the Swede plant is also prized for its versatility in the kitchen. The root can be cooked in a variety of ways, including roasting, boiling, and mashing. It is often used in soups and stews, and it can also be sliced and fried to make tasty chips or crisps. The leaves of the plant can also be cooked and eaten, although they are generally less flavorful than the root.

Despite its many benefits, the Swede plant is not without its challenges. It is susceptible to a number of pests and diseases, including clubroot, a fungal infection that can cause the roots to become distorted and stunted. To prevent these problems, growers often rotate their crops and use a variety of pest control measures, including organic methods such as companion planting and natural predators.

The Swede plant is a delicious and nutritious vegetable that is enjoyed by people around the world. Whether cooked as a main dish or served as a side, it is a versatile ingredient that can add flavor and nutrition to any meal. With proper care and attention, it can be a valuable addition to any home garden or commercial farm.

In addition to its use as a food crop, the Swede plant also has a number of other uses. For example, it is sometimes used as animal feed, particularly for cattle and sheep. The leaves and stems can be chopped and added to silage or dried for use as hay. In some regions, the Swede plant is also used as a biofuel crop, as it produces large amounts of oil that can be converted into biodiesel.

The Swede plant is a hardy crop that can tolerate cold temperatures and moderate drought. It is typically planted in the fall, and the root is harvested in the late winter or early spring. The plant is able to grow in a variety of soil types, although it does best in well-drained, fertile soils that are rich in organic matter.

One of the unique features of the Swede plant is its ability to crossbreed with other members of the Brassicaceae family, such as turnips and cabbage. This has led to the development of a number of hybrid varieties that combine the best traits of different species. For example, some varieties of Swede have been bred to produce higher yields, while others are more resistant to pests and diseases.

The Swede plant is a versatile and valuable crop that has been enjoyed by humans for centuries. Whether grown for food, animal feed, or fuel, it is a plant that offers many benefits and challenges to farmers and gardeners alike. With continued research and innovation, the Swede plant is likely to remain an important part of our agricultural landscape for many years to come.

There are several different varieties of Swede plant that are grown around the world. These varieties vary in their size, shape, and flavor, and they may be better suited to different growing conditions or culinary uses.

One popular variety of Swede is the American Purple Top, which is a large, round root with a purple crown and yellow flesh. This variety is commonly grown in North America and is known for its sweet, nutty flavor.

Another popular variety is the Laurentian Swede, which is a smaller root with a smooth, tan skin and white flesh. This variety is grown primarily in Canada and is prized for its tender texture and delicate flavor.

Other notable Swede varieties include the Golden Ball, which is a yellow-skinned root with orange flesh, and the Marian, which is a larger, oval-shaped root with a creamy white flesh.

In addition to its use as a food crop, the Swede plant has also been used in traditional medicine for a variety of purposes. For example, it has been used as a diuretic and laxative, and it is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties that may help to alleviate pain and swelling.

Overall, the Swede plant is a fascinating and important crop that has many uses and benefits. Whether grown for food, animal feed, or fuel, it is a plant that offers many opportunities for research, innovation, and discovery. As our understanding of this plant continues to evolve, we are likely to discover even more ways to harness its potential and improve our lives and the world around us.